New Pages Added to The Art Story
Italian Painter and Writer
Carlo Carra was a leading figure of the Futurist movement that flourished in Italy during the beginning of the twentieth century. In addition to his many paintings, he wrote a number of books on art.
May 6, 2022
Historical African Art
The histories, themes, and styles of African Art are as diverse as the communities and cultures that traverse the continent.
April 25, 2022
Identity Art and Identity Politics Updated
Artists of color, LGBTQ+ artists, and women have used their art to stage and display experiences of identity and community.
March 31, 2022
Raymond Duchamp-Villon was, if not the first, then certainly the most successful, in applying Cubist principles to three-dimensional works. His sculptures employed geometric forms that brought his figures - human and animal - to the brink of pure abstraction. Through his fluid contours, Duchamp-Villon also succeeded in achieving a sense of dynamism and movement that was redolent of both the Cubists and the Italian Futurists . He enjoyed a close working relationship with his brothers, Marcel Duchamp, and Jacques Villon, and as a key member of the Puteaux Group, Duchamp-Villon was one of the most important practitioners and advocates for Cubism as it was introduced to the world in the early years of the 20th century. Indeed, shortly before his career and life was cut short by a combination of war and disease, he played a key role in two of the most important and influential exhibitions of the entire twentieth century: the Section d'Or, in Paris (1912), and the Armory Show, in New York (1913).
March 30, 2022
Movements and Styles: High Renaissance
Signorelli is undoubtedly most revered for his rendering of figures in action and his unparalleled mastery of the human anatomy which came to full fruition with his world renowned Orvieto frescoes. Such was his reputation, he formed part of an elite group of artists summoned by Pope Sixtus IV to decorate the walls of the Sistine Chapel. Possibly because of the ignominy of being unceremoniously replaced by Raphael on a subsequent Vatican Palace commission, his later works are - with one or two outstanding exceptions - considered comparatively fatigued and pedestrian (and likely finished by the hands of assistants). But for his major works, he was, in the words of Giorgio Vasari, an artist who "with his profound mastery of design, particularly in nudes, and with his grace in invention and in the composition of scenes, opened to the majority of craftsmen the way to the final perfection of art".
March 28, 2022
Ford Madox Brown
Ford Madox Brown was best-known for his paintings of historical and moral subjects. Although he used vivid colors and realism in his works, Brown was not a member of the original Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, but instead a friend and inspiration of many of its members.
March 20, 2022
Cave Art (or Paleolithic Art) is a broad term for the earliest known art-making in human history.
March 17, 2022
Italian Sculptor and Goldsmith
The artist and sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti is credited with creating one of the greatest masterpieces in Renaissance Italian art, the east doors for the Baptistery in Florence Cathedral.
March 3, 2022
American Urban Environment Artist, Outsider Artist, Painter, Mixed Media and Installation Artist
Movements and Styles: Installation Art, Neo-Expressionism, Street and Graffiti Art, Public Art, Art Brut and Outsider Art
The American artist Tyree Guyton transformed his devastated Detroit neighborhood into a living art gallery.
March 2, 2022
Abstract Expressionism: Second Generation
After the dominance of Abstract Expressionism a group of artists with disparate styles and approaches pointed the way forward.
February 27, 2022
Lucas Cranach the Elder
German Painter and Printmaker
The most important artist of the Protestant Reformation, Lucas Cranach the Elder court portraiture and woodcuts helped the religion become the major movement within Christianity in sixteenth century Europe.
February 22, 2022
American Conceptual Artist
Lawrence Weiner was one of the pioneers of text-as-art. His use of language is notable for its lyricism, its inquisitive engagement with the material world around it, and its playful visual forms.
February 5, 2022
An iconic photographer as well as a filmmaker, David Bailey revolutionized fashion photography and portraiture by introducing a new informality to portraiture and street imagery.
December 31, 2021
French Philosopher, Social Theorist, and Semiotician
Movements and Styles: Postmodernism
Roland Barthes is France's best-known essayist and literary critic and his Post-structuralism (or Deconstructionism) ideas have been wide-reaching and have had a profound impact on how we interpret artworks.
December 19, 2021
German-American Landscape Painter
Bierstadt is one of America's greatest landscape artists who made epic panoramas of the untamed American West that proved immensely popular with the American public.
November 20, 2021
Israeli Painter and Sculptor
The sculptor and painter Menashe Kadishman established himself in the movements of Minimalism, Conceptual Art, and Neo-Expressionism before focusing on themes of Jewish heritage and familial sacrifice.
November 14, 2021
American Painter, Printmaker, and Photographer
Paul Cadmus was a pioneer of Queer Art who with an incisive, satirical gaze, depicted scenes from modern American life in all of its beautiful and grotesque details.
October 31, 2021
American Land Artist
The Environmental artist Alan Sonfist has explored issues of ecological deterioration, preservation, and what would later be understood as "climate change" via methods of the naturalist, historian, and urban planner.
October 14, 2021
Cuban Artist and Political Activist
Movements and Styles: Installation Art, Performance Art, Body Art, Identity Art and Identity Politics, Institutional Critique, Relational Aesthetics
Cuban artist Tania Bruguera creates challenging performative works, as well as community outreach programs that are central to contemporary political art.
October 7, 2021
Christo and Jeanne-Claude
Bulgarian-American and French-Moroccan Sculptors, Photographers, and Conceptual Artists
Christo and Jeanne-Claude large-scale installations stand out as some of the greatest achievements in site-specific art.
September 26, 2021
Whether a statue in a town square or a rough guerrilla-style marking Public Art engages with audiences outside of galleries and museums.
September 18, 2021
French Sculptor, Photographer, Painter, and Film Maker
Boltanski focus on memory, the holocaust, mortality, and mourning made him a leader within the Conceptual Art and Post-Minimalism movements.
September 8, 2021
American Artist and Architect
Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Body Art, Video Art, Conceptual Art, Installation Art, Modern Architecture
Vito Acconci boundary-pushing performances used powerful language, audience engagement, and sex and eroticism to create innovative viewing situations.
September 6, 2021
The movement of Impressionism, which originated in France, was concerned with capturing the momentary impression made by a visual scene on the artist's eye. It took hold in Britain both through continental influences and independent lines of development, from J.M.W. Turner's expressive seascapes to the delicate night scenes of James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Whistler's work of the 1860s-80s had a profound impact on a younger generation of painters such as Walter Sickert and Philip Wilson Steer, who were involved in creating the defining networks and events of British Impressionism, including the New English Art Club and the London Impressionists exhibition, towards the end of the 1880s. Meanwhile, another group of Whistler's acolytes in Scotland, the Glasgow Boys, developed a distinctive Impressionist-influenced style equally indebted to the Naturalism of Jules Bastien-Lepage. While all this was happening, British artists were also developing vital and sustaining creative relationships with French contemporaries and masters, such as Sickert with Degas, which also fed into the evolution of British Impressionism.
September 5, 2021
Anton Raphael Mengs
Mengs was regarded by many in his day as Europe's most important painter and he was a strong advocate of formal arts education and national art academies with many of his former pupils going on to achieve prominent positions in Academies of Europe.
August 23, 2021
American Realism is a tendency that has traveled the timeline of American history and through its various manifestations such as Hudson River School, Ashcan School, Regionalism, and Photorealism, having shaped America's identity as a nation.
August 8, 2021
Art for Art's Sake Updated
Definition of Art for Art's Sake idea and uses in the history of visual art.
July 30, 2021
French Poet and Art Critic
Stéphane Mallarmé is considered one of the greatest French poets of the later nineteenth century. He was also a champion of many of the avant-garde artists of the time, including the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists.
June 25, 2021
Albert C. Barnes
American Doctor and Art Collector, Educator, and Writer
Movements and Styles: Impressionism, Modernism and Modern Art, Post-Impressionism, Historical African Art
The pharmacy mogul Albert Barnes was a philanthropic art collector who built the world famous Barnes Foundation of modern art.
June 24, 2021
American Painter and Sculptor
Dehner left an indelible mark on twentieth century American sculpture - her most famous pieces are totem-like structures that incorporate abstract symbols and place stress on contour over mass.
June 14, 2021
Keith Haring Updated
American Graffiti Artist, Sculptor, and Muralist
Haring brought elements of popular culture to museums and showed how seemingly simple and even cartoon elements of the self-taught may be appreciated.
June 14, 2021
Duane Hanson was an American artist and sculptor, who worked primarily in Photorealism, a Pop-influenced style. Best known for his uncanny, life-size depictions of solitary tourists, derelicts, and housewives, his work explores social issues and the complexities of American identity.
June 14, 2021
Andrea del Sarto
Florentine High Renaissance painter and draftsman
Del Sarto was the most important Florentine painter of the early 16th century buyilding on Leonardo's sfumato technique by introducing a warmer and more vivid range of colours influencing the later Mannerist style.
May 30, 2021
Formalism is a critical and creative position which holds that an artwork's value lies in the relationships it establishes between different compositional elements such as color, line, and texture, which ought to be considered apart from all notions of subject-matter or context. Although the term primarily indicates a way of interpreting rather than making art, certain painters and sculptors, from Paul Cézanne to Jackson Pollock, have been associated with a Formalist approach. Originating in the mid-19th century, the ideas of formalism gained currency across the late nineteenth century with the rise of abstraction in painting, reaching new heights in the early 20th century with movements such as Cubism. During the mid-20th century, the North American critic Clement Greenberg defined a Formalist approach with unprecedented levels of detail and rigor. Since then, the term has been associated primarily with him, and with the artists he championed, such as the Abstract Expressionists.
May 26, 2021
French Painter, writer, theorist, poet
The French painter Jean Metzinger was a member of the Section d'Or group of Salon Cubist artist and he co-wrote the first major treatise, Du Cubisme.
April 28, 2021
Vitaly Komar and Alexander Melamid
Russian Painters, Sculptors, and Conceptual Artists
The artist Komar and Melamid subverted the political and cultural systems of their native Soviet Union and later built their art upon their fascination with the vagaries of childhood memory.
April 7, 2021
American Painter, Draughtswoman, and Writer
Movements and Styles: Abstract Expressionism
Mercedes Matter was an American painter and a leading figure in Abstract Expressionism, working alongside the de Koonings, Pollock, Guston, and Kline. She was also the founder of The New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture.
March 28, 2021
Influenced by Cubism, American artists like Charles Sheeler and Charles Demuth used precise lines and abstracted planes to depict vernacular architecture and the industrial landscape.
March 25, 2021
American Sculptor, Painter, and Draughtman
The idiosyncratic artist Richard Artschwager confounded art categories and he excelled in transforming the mundane into objects and images that became both familiar and alien.
March 19, 2021
St Ives School
The St Ives School included artists Barbara Hepworth, Naum Gabo, Ben Nicholson, and others, who led to great innovation in British modern painting, sculpture, and ceramics, among other art forms.
March 5, 2021
Kerry James Marshall
Kerry James Marshall has spent his career as an artist working against marginalization, injecting Blackness into the grand narrative of art, seen through his symbolic, allegorical paintings.
March 4, 2021
The phrase "avant-garde" was adapted to apply to the work of artists that worked on the social, political, and cultural revolutionary potential of much modern art.
March 4, 2021
Jules Bastien-Lepage - or the "painter of peasants" as he was sometime known - expanded the vocabulary of French modernism and naturalism to include rural landscape and portraiture.
February 20, 2021
Group of Seven
The Group of Seven, or The Algonquin School, was Canada's first internationally recognized art movement that focused on the beauty of the their country's landscape.
February 1, 2021
The Academy of Art Updated
The Academy of Art was the name of institutions in Europe that usually promoted the historical methods of painting and sculpture.
January 17, 2021
The paintings and engravings of The Ancients are amongst the most powerful works of Romantic and naturalistic art produced in Britain during the 19th century.
January 13, 2021
Irish Writer, Critic, Aesthete
Oscar Wilde was a nineteenth-century Irish poet and playwright, one of the most influential and celebrated. Associated with the Aesthetic Movement, he connected to the visual arts of his time, especially via Whistler and Ruskin.
December 24, 2020
American Painter and Street Artist
Kenny Scharf is an American graffiti artist who was an integral member of the 1980s East Village art scene. His colorful paintings depict pop culture figures and science fiction backdrops.
December 19, 2020
Swiss/French Painter, Printmaker
Félix Vallotton was a major figure of the French avant-garde group Les Nabis. Recognized for his interest in decorative aesthetics, Vallotton painted landscapes, still lifes, and portraits and was heralded for his inventive use of woodcut printing.
November 26, 2020
En Plein Air
Painting in the open air was started in the Renaissance, and reached its height by the Impressionists.
November 22, 2020