New Pages Added to The Art Story
The Academy of Art Updated
The Academy of Art was the name of institutions in Europe that usually promoted the historical methods of painting and sculpture.
January 17, 2021
The paintings and engravings of The Ancients are amongst the most powerful works of Romantic and naturalistic art produced in Britain during the 19th century.
January 13, 2021
Irish Writer, Critic, Aesthete
Oscar Wilde emerged in late nineteenth century London as the living embodiment of the Aesthetic movement. He won fame as a dramatist, poet and novelist whose ideas on art, beauty and personal freedom formed a formidable challenge to Victorian puritanicalism. At the same time, Wilde attracted public notoriety for his stream of witty aphorisms and his "effeminate" long hair, dandyish clothing and his devotion to flowers. He was halted at the height of his fame when sentenced to three years imprisonment for illegal homosexual activity. Ruined physically and financially, he lived out the final few years of his life in Paris, dying aged just 46. Wilde's star, which today burns brightest within the gay/queer community, has never diminished, however, and his legacy - exemplified by two classics of English literature, the Gothic novel The Picture of Dorian Gray and the stage satire, The Importance of Being Earnest - prevails through screen biographies and countless reinterpretations of his works. But perhaps it was his flair for self-publicity and his oft-quoted witticisms that his name truly endures in the consciousness of the public.
December 24, 2020
American Painter and Street Artist
Kenny Scharf is an American graffiti artist who was an integral member of the 1980s East Village art scene. His colorful paintings depict pop culture figures and science fiction backdrops.
December 19, 2020
Swiss/French Painter, Printmaker
Félix Vallotton was a major figure of the French avant-garde group Les Nabis. Recognized for his interest in decorative aesthetics, Vallotton painted landscapes, still lifes, and portraits and was heralded for his inventive use of woodcut printing.
November 26, 2020
En Plein Air
Painting in the open air was started in the Renaissance, and reached its height by the Impressionists.
November 22, 2020
American Photographer, Video, and Installation Artist
Movements and Styles: Conceptual Art, Feminist Movement, Identity Politics, Collage, Modern Photography
The American photographer Lorna Simpson investigates the complex and convoluted permutations of stereotypes and tropes of American racism.
November 19, 2020
R. Buckminster Fuller
American Designer, Architect, Scientist, Mathematician, Inventor, and Author
Movements and Styles: Modern Architecture
Buckminster Fuller was an American architect, designer, inventor, and writer. He is best known for his designs of geodesic domes, such as the ones at Disney's Epcot Center and the Montreal Biosphere.
November 19, 2020
French Author, Dealer, Publisher, and Collector
Ambroise Vollard was an important modernist dealer, collector, and arts patron who advanced Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Expressionism, influenced such artists as Cézanne, Renoir, Cézanne, Gauguin, and Picasso.
October 31, 2020
The Hague School
The Hague School took its name from the coastal city where a group of Dutch artists painted powerful rural landscapes and scenes of coastal life.
September 21, 2020
Louise Bourgeois Updated
Louise Bourgeois's often sexual and dark boldness of subject matter revolutionized feminist-inspired body art and the development of installation art.
September 18, 2020
Grand Manner Portraiture
The term Grand Manner refers to a style of portraiture that emerged in Britain during the 18th century and was popular for in the United States.
September 16, 2020
Italian Painter, Mosaicist, Writer, and Set Designer
Severini was one of the most progressive of all the twentieth-century Italian artists. An early and important figure within the Futurist movement, the Paris-based Severini produced unique works that, through their emphasis on urban Parisian scenes (rather than machines), broadened the thematic possibilities for the movement. Having exhausted his commitment to Futurism, and to the French avant-gardes' penchant for pictorial deconstruction, he shifted his interest to Neo-Classicism; a move that saw him aligned with the interwar "Return to Order" movement. His modernist credentials were tested somewhat through his associations with the Fascist leader Benito Mussolini's "Third Rome" project (the dream of establishing a New Roman Empire), for which he provided murals and mosaics for architectural structures inspired by imperial Rome. In later years, however, Severini was "reborn" through his new commitment to the Catholic faith which saw the artist produce religious mosaics so finely skilled they earned him the title: "Father of Modern Mosaics". Complementing his considerable achievements as a painter and mosaicist, Severini proved an accomplished polemicist, publishing theoretical essays and books on the art of painting throughout his long career.
August 29, 2020
Lithuanian-American Curator, Performance Artist, Graphic Designer, and Musician
George Maciunas was a founding member of Fluxus, an international community of artists, architects, composers, and designers. He is most famous for organizing and performing happenings and for assembling a series of highly influential artists' multiples.
August 26, 2020
The American painter Nell Blaine is best known for her lyrical realism, blending figuration with abstraction's structural vocabulary and energy. A prominent artist in 1940s New York, she studied with Hans Hofmann and worked through a major disability through much of her career.
August 21, 2020
German Art Dealer, Art Collector, and Art Historian
Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler was a German art dealer, gallery owner and champion of Cubism. Kahnweiler is credited as one of the first people to truly appreciate the early works of Picasso, Braque, Léger and the success of such artists was highly influenced by Kahnweiler's purchase and promotion of these works.
August 3, 2020
John Everett Millais
John Millais Everett was an English painter and illustrator, and one of the founding members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Millais earned both acclaim and a reputation for scandal because of his realistic depiction of relious figures.
August 2, 2020
Russian Artist Collective
Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Feminist Art, LGBT Artists, Political Artists, Punk Art, Video Art, Street and Graffiti Art
Pussy Riot is an all-female Russian punk rock group, which was brought to international attention after the government arrested and imprisoned three of its members for protesting in an Orthodox cathedral. Pussy Riot's lyrics align with activist art; advocating for Feminism, LGBT rights, and opposing Russian President Vladimir Putin.
July 2, 2020
French Photographic Pioneer, Physicist, Scenic Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Modern Photography
Louis Daguerre is one of the fathers of photography having invented the daguerreotype process in which a shorter exposure time is used to chemically develop a photographic image. This revolutionazed the medium and allowed many thousands of people to use personal cameras.
June 30, 2020
Japanese Painter, sculptor, and illustrator
Exciting and unique, Yoshitomo Nara's children with piercing eyes have gained a cult following around the world. His works transform innocent images of wide-eyed characters and infuses them with horror and violence.
June 14, 2020
The Impressionists painters, such as Monet, Renoir, and Degas, created a new way of painting by using loose, quick brushwork and light colors to show how thing appeared to the artists at a particular moment: an "impression" of what they were seeing and feeling.
June 11, 2020
Collage was first employed in fine art in the context of Cubism, and has since been enormously influential, impacting not only drawing and painting but also attitudes to sculpture.
May 31, 2020
American Art Collector and Writer
Gertrude Stein was an American writer and supporter of the arts whose Paris salons were key sites for avant-garde art in the early twentieth century. She built one of the earliest collections of modern art, including works by Matisse, Picasso, Gris, and others.
May 18, 2020
Beaux Arts Architecture
Beaux Arts architecture was popularized in Paris in the nineteenth century. The style became popular worldwide, including in America, before Art Deco became the prevailing style.
May 9, 2020
Brutalism was a movement in modern architecture responsible for some of the most striking building designs of the twentieth century.
May 8, 2020
East Village Art
In 1980s East Village of New York City young artists, misfits, and rebels came together to create graffiti, collage, and DIY sculpture.
May 6, 2020
American Sculptor, Photographer, Film Director, and Performance Artist
Matthew Barney creates films based on performance and body art, most notably in his Drawing Restraint series and the five-film Cremaster Cycle.
May 4, 2020
Relational Aesthetics focuses on artwork that produces a temporary environment or event in which viewers could participate in order to assimilate and comprehend the artist's message or idea.
April 28, 2020
British Art Critic, Artist, and Designer
Roger Fry was a scholar of the old masters and French Impressionism, and also a champion of early-20th century British modern art. He coined the term "Post-Impressionism" and he was also a painter himself.
April 24, 2020
Foster is arguably the world's most influential living architect recognized chiefly for his jewel-like modern designs of steel and glass.
April 21, 2020
George Brecht's artworks and musical compositions offered a different edge than the artists of the time and Neo-Dada peers. And he made important works constructed from everyday objects designed for viewer interaction.
April 16, 2020
American Street Artist, Graphic Designer, Illustrator and Activist
Shepard Fairey is one of the most influential and best-known Street and Graffiti artist who became more widely known in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, specifically for his Barack Obama "Hope" poster.
April 16, 2020
French Art Critic, Poet, Playwright
Guillaume Apollinaire was a French writer and art critic who advanced the avant-garde Cubists including Pablo Picasso, André Breton and Henri Rousseau. He is also credited with coining the term "Surrealism."
April 16, 2020
Assemblage is a style of sculpture inspired by the idea of introducing pre-existing, non-art objects into an art context. Although one can find precedents for the approach in the work of Duchamp and Picasso, it flourished as a tendency in the 1950s and 1960s, and continues to be a prominent technique today.
April 15, 2020
Irish-American Painter and Sculptor
Sean Scully is an Irish-American painter who creates abstracted architectural constructions and emotionally-charged canvases that are often painted in colored stripes.
April 6, 2020
The Independent Group led to the establishment of British Pop Art by responding and critiquing American-style advertising and movies.
March 26, 2020
The Analytic phase of the Cubism movement focused on fracturing the depiction of subjects almost to complete abstraction.
March 26, 2020
The Synthetic phase of the Cubism movement embraced a broader palette, simpler geometric planes, and less abstracted subjects while experimenting with collage and other techniques.
March 26, 2020
American Painter and Art Educator
David Park was an American painter who helped establish the Bay Area Figurative School that focused on using representative figures as well as natural shapes and forms.
March 11, 2020
The term Old Masters refers to eminent European artists from the Renaissance through to early modernism.
March 10, 2020
Concrete Poetry is a type of poetry or language-based art in which the way words and letters are visually presented is as important as what they mean.
March 5, 2020
Philip Pearlstein turned his attentions to figurative studies of the human body, led a revival of realism and are considered some of the finest of the twentieth century.
March 3, 2020
British Sculptor, Photographer, Installation and Performance Artist
Sarah Lucas sculptures feature found objects, collage, photography, puns, and "bawdy" humor through which she critiques misogyny, voyeurism, and society's view of the female body.
March 3, 2020
Ethiopian-American Painter, Draughtsman, and Printmaker
Contemporary artist Julie Mehretu is known for her large-scale dynamic canvases made in dense layers of paint, ink and pencil, and which are inspired by diverse sources such as architectural drawings.
February 25, 2020
Photomontage is essentially a single artwork combined of two+ photos, produced to encourage audiences to consider the relationship between the grouped images.
February 25, 2020
Direct Carving is the sculptural approach pioneered by Brâncuși that rejected the established sculptural practice.
February 4, 2020
The German term Gesamtkunstwerk describes an artwork, design, or creative process where multiple art forms are combined to create a single whole.
January 21, 2020
Medium Specificity and Flatness
Advocates for medium specificity demanded that each art concentrate on that which made it unique. In painting's case, it was its "flatness" that made it distinct.
January 21, 2020
British Art Critic, Painter, Social Thinker and Philanthropist
Ruskin is considered the father of modern art criticism, and was also a true polymath - a talented watercolorist, teacher, and geologist. He informed the Pre-Raphaelites, and influenced many important art topics.
January 20, 2020
Movements and Styles: Documentary Photography, Straight Photography, Precisionism, Modern Photography
Bourke-White was an intrepid adventurer at the very center of challenging historical events. Her photographs gained international recognition.
January 6, 2020