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Joan Mitchell Updated
American Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Abstract Expressionism, Action Painting
Joan Mitchell is known for the compositional rhythms, bold coloration, and sweeping gestural brushstrokes of her large and multi-paneled paintings.
Gilbert Stuart
American Painter
Movements and Styles: Neoclassicism, Grand Manner Portraiture
Stuart was one of America's first great portraitists and painted the new republic's first six presidents, as well as many other important public figures.
Elle Pérez
American Photographer
Born and raised in the Bronx, Elle Pérez (they/them) uses photography to document their gender non-conforming and racial minority communities.
William Henry Fox Talbot
English Photographer, Inventor, Mathematician, Chemist, Botanist, Archaeologist, and Linguist
Talbot was a British inventor who created the calotype process, a pioneering invention in early photography. Talbot also furthered the use of photography as an artistic medium.
Carrie Mae Weems
American Photographer and Installation Artist
Carrie Mae Weems' art and photography represents authentic African American experience and questions identity stereotypes.
Philip Johnson
American Architect
The modern architect Philip Johnson developed the International Style and left his mark on 20th century cityscapes.
Nick Cave
American Sculptor, Performance Artist, and Dancer
Working in fashion, performance, and fine art, Nick Cave explores both his identity as a gay black man, and the wider social context of marginalised peoples of the world.
Art and “Insanity”
The relationship between art and "insanity" (a term now considered out-of-date) has changed over time in the minds of artists, critics, medical professionals.
August 18, 2023
Francesco Borromini
Swiss-Italian Architect
Movements and Styles: The Baroque
Borromini was one of the most innovative architects of the seventeenth century, and helped define the Roman Baroque style.
Zao Wou Ki
Chinese-French Painter
Having swapped Shanghai for Paris, Zao Wou-Ki's became one of the most important and dynamic artists on the world stage.
A "union of the senses”, synesthesia refers to the experience of experiencingone sense through another: it might involve seeing sound, hearing music, or smelling color
August 10, 2023
Auguste Rodin Updated
French Sculptor
Movements and Styles: Symbolism, Realism, Impressionism
Auguste Rodin achieved the reputation of the father of modern sculpture with his iconic and powerful bronze portraits.
George Romney
British Painter
Romney was one of the most popular British portrait painters of the late eighteenth century.
Gran Fury
American Activist Art and Design Collective
Movements and Styles: Activist Art, Queer Art, East Village Art
The New York-based art collective Gran Fury used their savviness in media, art, and design to create public artworks that responded to the AIDS crisis.
Kitagawa Utamaro
Japanese Painter
Movements and Styles: Ukiyo-e Japanese Woodblock Prints
Utamaro emerged as one of the greatest masters of late eighteenth-century Japanese art and helped define the golden age of the woodblock printing technique.
Charles Burchfield
American Painter
Burchfield depicted scenes of the natural world and the urban environment that he brought to life through shifting weather patterns, light, and even sound.
John Marin
American Painter
Movements and Styles: Modernism and Modern Art, Abstract Art
One of the first American artists to explore abstract painting, John Marin created a gestural and fractured style that captured conflicting forces of urban and natural environments through his impactful impressions of the skyscrapers and bridges of Manhattan, and the sea, sky, and mountains of New England. An acknowledged influence on the New York School, his standing as a modernist reached its highpoint in the mid-1940s when a Look magazine poll declared him: “America’s Artist No. 1.”. Although he remains perhaps best known for his watercolors, in his later career Marin showed his versatility by crossing over effortlessly into oil painting.
Italian Painter
Movements and Styles: Early Renaissance, Portrait Painters
The Early Renaissance master Ghirlandaio is known for his stylish, detailed frescos and aristocratic portraits.
Punk and Post-Punk Art
Punk was a late 1970s cultural movement that represented a near-complete reset for the way art, music, film, journalism, and style was made and understood.
Conceptual Art Updated
Conceptual artists prized ideas over the art-making artistic processes - ideas that manifested themselves in documents, installations, or various ephemera.
Pipilotti Rist
Swiss Video and Installation Artist
Pipilotti Rist has garnered international acclaim for her immersive multi-channel and spatial video installations.
Maria Helena Vieira da Silva
Portuguese-French Abstract Painter, Illustrator, Ceramicist
Vieira da Silva blurred the lines between abstraction and representation and became one of the most important modern Portuguese artists.
Doris Salcedo
Colombian Sculptor and Installation Artist
The Colombian artist Doris Salcedo has been at the forefront of artmaking that seeks to provide space for mourning, grieving, and memory.
Abstract Art
Controversial, empowering, and hugely influential to the present day, abstraction allowed artists to explore new ways of expressing themselves.
Harriet Hosmer
American Sculptor
Hosmer was one of the leading American sculptors working in the Neoclassical style.
Flemish-Italian Sculptor
A master of Italian Mannerist sculpture, Giambologna is most loved for his dynamic marble portraits, and exquisite bronze statuettes.
Manuel Felguérez
Mexican Painter and Digital Artist
Movements and Styles: Abstract Art, Assemblage, Digital Art
Manuel Felguérez was the first and important Mexican artist to broach the possibilities of geometric and gestural abstraction.
Hannah Ryggen
Swedish-Norwegian Textile Artist
Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Textile Art, Folk Art, Collage
Hannah Ryggen producing modernist textile murals that told stories of love, life, war, death, and hope in a potent visual language.
Caravaggio Updated
Italian Painter
Movements and Styles: High Renaissance, Mannerism, The Baroque
The intensity of Caravaggio's dramaticly lit paintings was matched only by his tempestuous lifestyle.
French Photographer and Street Artist
Movements and Styles: Street and Graffiti Art
Jean-René, better known simply as JR, is a master of contemporary graffiti and street art.
Arthur Rimbaud
French Poet
In a burst of youthful creativity, Rimbaud formulated a radical and influential approach to writing poetry. His life and art would inspire artists for generations.
Internet Art
Inspired artists used global connectivity, real-time information sharing, and a visual interface of the Internet to make original creative endeavors.
Donato Bramante
Italian Architect and Painter
Movements and Styles: High Renaissance, Renaissance Humanism
Possibly the greatest Renaissance architect, Bramante represented the symmetrical ideal in his structures that many generations replicated.
John Brewster Jr.
American Painter
Movements and Styles: Folk Art
John Brewster, Jr. was a major portraitist in colonial America. He developed a personal Folk art style that went on to influence other painters.
Karel Appel
Dutch Painter, Sculptor, Muralist, and Poet
Karel Appel was a major post-war painter who looked to the art produced by children, mental patients, and Folk artists for inspiration.
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo
British Architect and Designer
Movements and Styles: Arts and Crafts Movement, Art Nouveau
An innovative and socially conscious architect and designer, Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo brought great fluidity and asymmetry into his designs.
Rem Koolhaas
Dutch Architect, Journalist, Scriptwriter, and Architectural Theorist
Rem Koolhaas is a globally renowned architect known for buildings, projects, and writings that have revolutionized modern architecture.
Julian Opie
British Sculptor and Digital Artist
Movements and Styles: New British Sculpture, Digital Art, Pop Art
Opie's art is instantly recognizable for a distinctive pared-down graphic style that reflects his fascination with the ways we interact with the everyday world.
Frank O'Hara
American Poet, Writer, Art Critic, and Museum Curator
O'Hara was the "poet laureate" and major supporter of the New York Abstract Expressionist movement.
Jack Levine
American Painter, Draftsman, Printmaker, and Illustrator
Movements and Styles: Social Realism, American Realism
Jack Levine ranks as one of America's most important twentieth century political artists.
Mark Kostabi
American Painter and Musician
Movements and Styles: Pop Art, East Village Art
Mark Kostabi faceless figures are instantly recognizable and comment on diverse topics including love, modern anxieties, technology, and corporate culture.
Leonardo da Vinci Updated
Italian Painter, Designer, Sculptor, Inventor, Scientist, Architect, and Engineer
Leonardo da Vinci was the first prime exemplar of the Renaissance man, and he created iconic artworks are revered to this day.
Michelangelo Updated
Italian Painter, Sculptor, Poet, and Architect
Movements and Styles: High Renaissance, Renaissance Humanism
Michelangelo was a Renaissance polymath genius who made the iconic Pieta and David sculptures, and the paintings of the Sistine Chapel.
Digital Art Updated
In the digital age, artists grasped progressive technologies for their own creative output including utilizing television, computers, and the internet.
February 8, 2023
Edward Clark
American Painter
The African-American Color Field painter Ed Clark developed a sophisticated abstract style that was markedly influenced by the painter Nicolas de Stael.
The Flâneur in Modern Art
The flâneur, an urban spectator, was character type depicted by a number of artists including the Impressionists.
January 19, 2023
Leonard Baskin
American Printmaker, Draftsman, Arts Publisher, Sculptor, Graphic Artist, and Poet
Movements and Styles: Expressionism
Baskin produced intense and impassioned figurative prints and book illustrations, along with sculptures.
Debora Arango
Colombian Painter, Watercolorist, and Ceramicist
Movements and Styles: Expressionism
Arango was one of Colombia's most original and fearless 20th century female painters.
Andrea Fraser
American Performance and Conceptual Artist
A pioneering Feminist and institutional critique artist, Andrea Fraser strikes at the heart of the art world system.
Wolfgang Paalen
Austrian-Mexican Painter
Movements and Styles: Surrealism
Wolfgang Paalen was an important member of the Surrealist group, working closely with Andre Breton. Paalen was best known for developing 'fumage,' a technique by which he used smoke and candle soot to create patterns on canvas.
Dziga Vertov
Russian Filmmaker
Movements and Styles: Documentary Film, Constructivism
Vertov was one of the most acclaimed of the Soviet filmmakers closely aligned with the Constructivist movement.
Max Pechstein
German Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Die Brücke
Max Pechstein's boldly-colored nudes and landscapes exemplify his leadership in Expressionist art.
Degenerate Art
Degenerate Art was a term used by the Nazi party to modern art including Expressionism, Fauvism, Dada, Cubism, and Surrealism and well as art that was produced by Jewish artists.
December 25, 2022
Lucas Samaras
Greek/American Multi-media Artist
The painter and assemblage artist Lucas Samaras has produced a body of work that is remarkable for its scope and inventiveness.
Derek Jarman
British Filmmaker, Author, Activist, Painter, and Stage Designer
A pioneering gay filmmaker, Derek Jarman trained as a painter but became known for pushing the boundary of experimental cinema and for his explorations of identity.
Josefa de Óbidos
Spanish-Portuguese Painter, Miniaturist, Etcher, Terracotta Modeler, Silver Worker and Calligrapher
Josefa de Óbidos was the most celebrated female Baroque artists in Portugal who is best known as a painter of still lifes and devotional narratives.
Eleanor Antin
American Performance and Installation Artist
Eleanor Antin's prefigures the most important feminist debates of this century and is some of the most arresting and poetic Performance art of the previous.
French Artist
ORLAN molds her own body via surgeries provoking questions of beauty, self-image, and consent.
Agnes Pelton
American Painter
Movements and Styles: Symbolism, Modernism and Modern Art
Visionary artist Agnes Pelton painted in rich and ethereal Symbolism.
Florine Stettheimer
American Painter, Theatrical Designer, and Poet
A pioneer artist from early twentieth-century New York, Florine Stettheimer advanced new possibilities in painting for women artists.
Patrick Caulfield
British Painter and Printmaker
Movements and Styles: British Pop Art, Pop Art
British modernist Patrick Caulfield's use of clean lines, and areas of pure color was original and influencial.
Kazuo Shiraga
Japanese Painter and Performance Artist
Shiraga built his reputation on the back of his involvement with Japan's first avant-garde group, the Gutai Art Association where he establishing himself as a pioneer in "performance painting".
Sally Mann
American Photographer
Movements and Styles: Documentary Photography
Primarily working in black-and-white, Sally Mann's photographs explore the emotions that are connected to human experience, from girls navigating their way through adolescence to remains and decomposing bodies. Her most famous and provocative series was photographs of her three young children.
Textile Art
From the elaborate garb of royalty to minimalist woven wall hangings, Textile Art has been revered both for its technical expertise and visual appearance.
November 1, 2022
Emily Carr
Canadian Artist
Emily Carr was a Canadian painter and national heroine, known for putting the wild Western Canadian landscape and its indigenous inhabitants on the global art map.
Jonathan Eastman Johnson
American Painter
Movements and Styles: American Realism, Realism
Jonathan Eastman Johnson's paintings addressed the civil war, the abolition of slavery, and scenes of simple rural life in New England.
Evelyn De Morgan
British Painter
The Symbolist painter Evelyn De Morgan engaged with political, social and moral issues of 19th century England including prison reform and women's suffrage.
Jean-Baptiste Greuze
French Painter
Movements and Styles: The Rococo, Neoclassicism
The French painter Jean-Baptise Greuze was famous for his genre paintings(colorful vignettes), as well as "innocent" portraits of young women.
Leon Kossoff
British Painter
Movements and Styles: Expressionism, School of London
At a time when Conceptualism and Minimalism were dominating the contemporary art scene, Kossoff emerged from within a group of radical figurative painters known as "The School of London".
Coco Fusco
Cuban-American Artist
Striking and intensely political images, porformances and installtions that make up Coco Fusco's intertwined practice of art and activism.
Rockwell Kent
American Painter, Illustrator, Wood engraver, Draughtsman, and Architect
Rockwell Kent was revered mystical landscape paintings that captured the essence of natural wilderness.
Suprematism Updated
Suprematism was one of the most radical developments in abstract art that was meant to be superior to all prior, and that would lead to art's barest essentials.
September 30, 2022
Hyman Bloom
American Painter
Movements and Styles: Expressionism
Bloom's paintings explored Judaism, Eastern religion, and the occult, while maintaining a consistent thematic and figurative quality.
Amy Sherald
American Painter
Rising to fame after being hand-picked by former First Lady Michelle Obama to paint her official portrait, Amy Sherald is today one of the best-known Black American artists.
Louise Moillon
French Painter
Movements and Styles: The Baroque
Louise Moillon was one of the most important early 17th century French still life painters.
Alfonso Ossorio
Filipino-American Painter and Assemblage Artist
Ossorio, a key player in the Abstract Expressionist and Art Brut movements, is also remembered for his assemblages, or what he called, "Congregations".
The Danish artist collective Superflex are product designers, artists, community organizers, and project coordinators, working to critique capitalism and commodification of modern life.
September 27, 2022
Nobuyoshi Araki
Japanese Photographer
One of the most famous and influential Japanese photographers of the post-war period, Araki's work is technically masterful and culturallly rich.
Bill Brandt
British Photographer
Bill Brandt was an British photographer and photojournalist known for his high-contrast images of British society and his emboldened nudes.
Constructivism Updated
Constructivism flourished in Russia with an entirely new approach, a technical analysis of modern materials to serve modern society.
August 15, 2022
Alice Rahon
French-Mexican Painter and Poet
Rahon is best known as a poet and painter whose Surrealistic imagery influenced by the pre-historic, the mythological, and the mystical.
Roger de La Fresnaye
French Artist
Movements and Styles: Cubism, Salon Cubism, Expressionism, Symbolism
The French painter La Fresnaye was a leading member of the Salon Cubists.
Laura Aguilar
Mexican-American Photographer
Photographer Laura Aguilar provided new possibilities for the depictions of subjects and bodies that had traditionally been excluded from art history.
German Artist
Ulay's artworks influenced a generation of Performance, Body, and Installation artists and became foundational to an art-world understanding of the power of live performance in a gallery.
Lavinia Fontana
Italian Painter
Movements and Styles: Mannerism, High Renaissance
Fontana was one of the first professional female artists, working on many prestigious commissions in Bologna and Rome.
Aegean Art
The islands of the Aegean Sea once produced a wealth of unique, influential, and mysterious artworks and cultural artefacts.
French Art
In many ways, the history of France and its culture are interconnected with the country's achievements in the arts.
Dieter Roth
German-Swiss Artist
The creative and witty Dieter Roth was a Swiss artist famous for his artist books, prints, sculptures, and works made out of found materials.
American Performance Artist
Pope.L's diverse artworks pushed the limits of his body and challenged audiences to reflect on identity and poverty.
Carsten Höller
Belgian-German Installation Artist and Sculptor
Carsten Höller's interactive artworks break down the divide between art, personal space, and sensory experience.
Carlo Carrà
Italian Painter and Writer
Carlo Carra was a leading figure of the Futurist movement that flourished in Italy during the beginning of the twentieth century. In addition to his many paintings, he wrote a number of books on art.
Joaquín Clausell
Mexican Painter
Movements and Styles: Impressionism, Post-Impressionism
Clausell is Mexico's pre-eminent Impressionists focusing on the country's national parks, canals, and seascapes.
Rachel Ruysch
Dutch Painter
Movements and Styles: Dutch Golden Age, The Baroque
Ruysch is the celebrated painter of still lifes and flower pieces to emerge during the Dutch Golden Age.
Historical African Art
The histories, themes, and styles of African Art are as diverse as the communities and cultures that traverse the continent.
Identity Art and Identity Politics Updated
Artists of color, LGBTQ+ artists, and women have used their art to stage and display experiences of identity and community.
Raymond Duchamp-Villon
French Sculptor
Movements and Styles: Cubism, Salon Cubism, Avant-Garde Art
Raymond Duchamp-Villon successfully applyed Cubist principles to sculptural works.
Luca Signorelli
Italian Painter
Movements and Styles: High Renaissance
The Renaissance painter Luca Signorelli is most revered for his rendering of figures in action and his unparalleled mastery of the human anatomy.
Rufino Tamayo
Mexican Painter
Movements and Styles: Cubism, Mexican Muralism
The Mexican painter and printmaker Rufino Tamayo stayed away from pro-revolution political statements preferring to promote ideas of personal freedom and liberty
Ford Madox Brown
British Painter
Ford Madox Brown was best-known for his paintings of historical and moral subjects. Although he used vivid colors and realism in his works, Brown was not a member of the original Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, but instead a friend and inspiration of many of its members.
Glenn Ligon
American Painter and Printmaker
Glenn Ligon is one of the most astute observers and commentators on race, sexuality, and history in America.
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