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IDEAS, INFLUENCERS, & CRITICS

The Ideas and Topics in Art, Art Influencers, and Important Historians

Ideas and concepts related to modern art are explored in this section, along with the overviews of the most important individuals that influenced modern art, and the personalaties that shaped and influenced the progression of art.

Definitions

Modern Art

represents an evolving set of ideas among a number of painters, sculptors, writers, and performers who - both individually and collectively - sought new approaches to art making. Although modern art began, in retrospect, around... Learn More

Postmodernism

is best understood by defining the modernist ethos it replaced - that of the avant-garde who were active from 1860s to the 1950s. The various artists in the modern period were driven by a radical and forward thinking approach... Learn More

Art Movements by Country

American Art

The rich artistic history of the US stretches from indigenous art through the Hudson River School, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art and into Contemporary art. Here is your guide through the many American movements... Learn More

Other Concepts

FormalismThe Sublime in Art
A painting's form is composed of its basic elements: color, line, composition, and texture... Learn MoreThe idea of the Sublime has been depicted by artists as varied as Michalengelo, Malevich, and ... Learn More
Art for Art's SakeExistentialism
The phrase 'art for art's sake' condenses the notion that art has its own value and should be... Learn MoreThe philosophy of Existentialism was an influential undercurrent in art of the 1940s and 1950s... Learn More
Medium PurityFlatness
The idea of Medium Purity was at the heart of critical debate of the New York School... Learn MoreIn the age of abstraction, some artists focused on the flatness of the canvas... Learn More


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CRITICS & THEORY


Clement Greenberg vs. Harold Rosenberg
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Clement GreenbergClement Greenberg
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Harold RosenbergHarold Rosenberg
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Meyer SchapiroMeyer Schapiro
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Leo SteinbergLeo Steinberg
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More Theorists
John RussellJohn Russell
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Robert HughesRobert Hughes
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John CanadayJohn Canaday
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Dore AshtonDore Ashton
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Thomas HessThomas Hess
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Rosalind KraussRosalind Krauss
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Robert RosenblumRobert Rosenblum
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Michael FriedMichael Fried
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Hans HofmannHans Hofmann
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Robert MotherwellRobert Motherwell
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Barnett NewmanBarnett Newman
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Fairfield PorterFairfield Porter
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Influencers

Peggy GuggenheimPeggy Guggenheim
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Alfred BarrAlfred Barr
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Katherine DreierKatherine Dreier
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