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Artists Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso Photo

Pablo Picasso

Spanish Draftsman, Painter, Printmaker, and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Symbolism, Surrealism

Born: October 25, 1881 - Malaga, Spain

Died: April 8, 1973 - Mougins, France

Pablo Picasso Timeline

Quotes

"Our goals can only be reached through a vehicle of a plan, in which we must fervently believe, and upon which we must vigorously act. There is no other route to success."
Pablo Picasso
"Every act of creation is first an act of destruction."
Pablo Picasso
"For those who know how to read, I have painted my autobiography."
Pablo Picasso
"It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child."
Pablo Picasso
"Go and do the things you can't. That is how you get to do them."
Pablo Picasso
"I paint objects as I think them, not as I see them."
Pablo Picasso
"There is no abstract art. You must always start with something. Afterward you can remove all traces of reality."
Pablo Picasso
"The idea of research has often made painting go astray, and made the artist lose himself in mental lucubrations. Perhaps this has been the principal fault of modern art. The spirit of research has poisoned those who have not fully understood all the positive and conclusive elements in modern art and has made them attempt to paint the invisible and, therefore, the unpaintable."
Pablo Picasso
"They speak of naturalism in opposition to modern painting. I would like to know if anyone has ever seen a natural work of art. Nature and art, being two different things, cannot be the same thing. Through art we express our conception of what nature is not. Velasquez left us his idea of the people of his epoch. Undoubtly they were different from what he painted them, but we cannot conceive a Philip IV in any other way than the one Velasquez painted"
Pablo Picasso
"Cubism is not a reality you can take in your hand. It's more like a perfume, in front of you, behind you, to the sides, the scent is everywhere but you don't quite know where it comes from."
Pablo Picasso
"Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life."
Pablo Picasso
"Picasso used to be a great painter, now he is merely a genius."
Facetious comment by Georges Braque

"Art is a lie that makes us realize the truth."

Pablo Picasso Signature

Synopsis

Pablo Picasso was the most dominant and influential artist of the first half of the 20th century. Associated most of all with pioneering Cubism, alongside Georges Braque, he also invented collage and made major contributions to Symbolism and Surrealism. He saw himself above all as a painter, yet his sculpture was greatly influential, and he also explored areas as diverse as printmaking and ceramics. Finally, he was a famously charismatic personality; his many relationships with women not only filtered into his art but also may have directed its course, and his behavior has come to embody that of the bohemian modern artist in the popular imagination.

Key Ideas

It was a confluence of influences - from Paul Cézanne and Henri Rousseau, to archaic and tribal art - that encouraged Picasso to lend his figures more structure and ultimately set him on the path towards Cubism, in which he deconstructed the conventions of perspective that had dominated painting since the Renaissance. These innovations would have far-reaching consequences for practically all of modern art, revolutionizing attitudes to the depiction of form in space.
Picasso's immersion in Cubism also eventually led him to the invention of collage, in which he abandoned the idea of the picture as a window on objects in the world, and began to conceive of it merely as an arrangement of signs that used different, sometimes metaphorical means, to refer to those objects. This too would prove hugely influential for decades to come.
Picasso had an eclectic attitude to style, and although, at any one time, his work was usually characterized by a single dominant approach, he often moved interchangeably between different styles - sometimes even in the same artwork.
His encounter with Surrealism, although never transforming his work entirely, encouraged not only the soft forms and tender eroticism of portraits of his mistress Marie-Therese Walter, but also the starkly angular imagery of Guernica (1937), the century's most famous anti-war painting.
Picasso was always eager to place himself in history, and some of his greatest works, such as Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), refer to a wealth of past precedents - even while overturning them. As he matured he became only more conscious of assuring his legacy, and his late work is characterized by a frank dialogue with Old Masters such as Ingres, Velazquez, Goya, and Rembrandt.

Biography

Pablo Picasso Photo

Childhood

Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born into a creative family. His father was a painter, and he quickly showed signs of following the same path: his mother claimed that his first word was "piz," a shortened version of lapiz, or pencil, and his father was his first teacher. Picasso began formally studying art at the age of 11. Several paintings from his teenage years still exist, such as First Communion (1895), which is typical in its conventional, if accomplished, academic style. His father groomed the young prodigy to be a great artist by getting Picasso the best education the family could afford and visiting Madrid to see works by Spanish Old Masters. And when the family moved to Barcelona so his father could take up a new post, Picasso continued his art education.

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Pablo Picasso Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Pablo Picasso
Interactive chart with Pablo Picasso's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
El GrecoEl Greco
Paul GauguinPaul Gauguin
Paul CézannePaul Cézanne
Henri MatisseHenri Matisse

Personal Contacts

Guillaume ApollinaireGuillaume Apollinaire
Gertrude SteinGertrude Stein
Georges BraqueGeorges Braque
Daniel-Henry KahnweilerDaniel-Henry Kahnweiler
Ambroise VollardAmbroise Vollard

Movements

ImpressionismImpressionism
Post-ImpressionismPost-Impressionism
ExpressionismExpressionism
Art NouveauArt Nouveau
African ArtAfrican Art

Influences on Artist
Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Years Worked: 1892 - 1973
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Amedeo ModiglianiAmedeo Modigliani
Arshile GorkyArshile Gorky
Willem de KooningWillem de Kooning
Jasper JohnsJasper Johns

Personal Contacts

Alfred H. Barr, Jr.Alfred H. Barr, Jr.
Clement GreenbergClement Greenberg
Meyer SchapiroMeyer Schapiro
Robert RosenblumRobert Rosenblum
Leo SteinbergLeo Steinberg

Movements

Primitivism in ArtPrimitivism in Art
CubismCubism
Abstract ArtAbstract Art
SurrealismSurrealism
Pop ArtPop Art

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Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by The Art Story Contributors
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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