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Artists Eduardo Paolozzi
Eduardo Paolozzi Photo

Eduardo Paolozzi

British Collage Artist and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Pop Art, Art Brut, Modern Sculpture

Born: March 7, 1924 - Leith, Scotland

Died: April 22, 2005 - London, England

Eduardo Paolozzi Timeline

Quotes

"Rational order in the technological world can be as fascinating as the fetishes of a Congo witch-doctor - scientific phenomena become significant images."
Eduardo Paolozzi
"Our culture decides, quite arbitrarily, what is waste and rubbish, but I have an African or Indian approach to what I find. I like to make use of everything. I can't bear to throw things away - a nice wine bottle, a nice box. Sometimes I feel like a wizard in Toytown, transforming a bunch of carrots into pomegranates."
Eduardo Paolozzi
"I have lived by that ever since, the concern with different materials, disparate ideas - and to me that is the excitement; it becomes almost a description of the creative act - to juggle with these things."
Eduardo Paolozzi
"I was more interested in destroying certain formal ambiguities by using ready-mades of a mechanical nature than creating some kind of philosophy about machines, at the same time collaging words out of magazines."
Eduardo Paolozzi

"I suppose I am interested, above all, in investigating the golden ability of the artist to achieve a metamorphosis of quite ordinary things into something wonderful and extraordinary."

Eduardo Paolozzi Signature

Synopsis

Eduardo Paolozzi was a prolific and inventive artist most known for his marriage of Surrealism's early principles with brave new elements of popular culture, modern machinery and technology. He was raised in the shadows of World War II in a family deeply affected by the divisive nature of a country involved in conflict, which birthed his lifelong exploration into the many ways humans are influenced by external, uncontrollable forces. This exploration would come to inform a vast and various body of work that vacillated between the darker and lighter consequences of society's advancements and its so-called progress. On the one hand, he would create abstract sculptures, which were dark and brutal in both material and form, portraying the idea of man as a mere assemblage of parts in an overall machine. On the other hand, he would create collages, brighter in nature that reflected the way contemporary culture and mass media influenced individual identity. Some of these collages, with their appropriation of American advertising's look and feel would inspire the future Pop art movement.

Key Ideas

Paolozzi's early love of American culture and the collecting of its paraphernalia would lead him to make collages that were credited for launching the Pop art movement. He was the first to appropriate images from advertisements to create work representative of the shinier, happier lifestyles that were touted in American magazines and media.
Paolozzi was fascinated by the relationship between humans and machinery and often depicted biomorphic forms in his work as demonstrative of both. He incorporated metal parts such as nuts, bolts and bits of scrap into figurative forms to create rudimentary albeit cohesive new representations of the body, demonstrating the influences of progress and technology, subliminally enforced upon an individual's identity. The figures reflected a communal inner angst.
Surrealism and Cubism influenced Paolozzi greatly and strains of each can be seen throughout his work, regardless of medium, in the way he continued to pair disparate imagery, disjointed forms, and subconscious ephemera.

Biography

Eduardo Paolozzi Photo

Childhood

Eduardo Paolozzi's parents immigrated to Scotland from Italy where the artist was born in Leith, an area north of Edinburgh. They owned an ice cream parlor and as a child, Paolozzi enjoyed collecting cigarette packet cards, usually featuring Hollywood stars or military vehicles such as airplanes, prompting a life-long fascination with both American culture and the relationship between people and machinery.

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Eduardo Paolozzi Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Eduardo Paolozzi
Interactive chart with Eduardo Paolozzi's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
Constantin Brâncu?iConstantin Brâncu?i
Jean DubuffetJean Dubuffet
Max ErnstMax Ernst
Hans ArpHans Arp

Personal Contacts

Alberto GiacomettiAlberto Giacometti
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon

Movements

SurrealismSurrealism
CubismCubism
Art BrutArt Brut
Modern SculptureModern Sculpture

Influences on Artist
Eduardo Paolozzi
Eduardo Paolozzi
Years Worked: 1940s - 1990s
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Peter BlakePeter Blake
Roy LichtensteinRoy Lichtenstein

Personal Contacts

Richard HamiltonRichard Hamilton

Movements

Pop ArtPop Art
Modern SculptureModern Sculpture

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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Anna Souter

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kimberly Nichols

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Anna Souter
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kimberly Nichols
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