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Artists Sophie Taeuber-Arp
Sophie Taeuber-Arp Photo

Sophie Taeuber-Arp

Swiss Multi-media, applied arts, performance artist, and textile designer

Movements and Styles: Dada, Constructivism, Geometric Abstraction, Performance Art

Born: January 19, 1889 - Davos, Switzerland

Died: January 13, 1943 - Zurich, Switzerland

Sophie Taeuber-Arp Timeline

Quotes

"It is not possible for us to take ourselves back to the exact circumstances of those in a past era, attempting to create art in the style of the past is always inauthentic"
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
"I met Sophie Taeuber in 1915 in Zurich. Like the leaves on a tree in a fairytale, her luminous works descended on my existence. Only a few days after our first meeting, we executed embroideries and collages together. Together we planned large montages. We had met in the beauty of the starry firmament and its mighty architecture had foreordained out work forever."
Hans Arp writing in 1949
"All around her is the radiance of the sun... She is full of invention, caprice, fantasy. . . . It was a dance full of flashes and fishbones, of dazzling lights, a dance of penetrating intensity. The lines of her body break, every gesture decomposes into a hundred precise, angular, incisive movements. The buffoonery of perspective, lighting, and atmosphere is for her hypersensitive nervous system the pretext for drollery full of irony and wit. The figures of her dance are at once mysterious, grotesque, and ecstatic."
Hugo Ball, on Taeuber-Arp dancing to his sound poems in 1917
"...combining the beauty of volumes with the mysterious moving power of color, which sometimes reinforces the voice of the simple forms and sometimes lowers its tone. It stresses the hardness of one form while endowing another with softness."
Wassily Kandinsky on Taeuber-Arp's wooden reliefs created between 1936-8
"Dada will last... The creation of the prophetic spirit found in the works of Arp, in the poetry and art of Klee, in my scrolls, in the abstract films of Eggeling and me, in the attempts in mural paintings, abstract plastics, mosaics, and in the beautiful tapestries of Sophie Taeuber."
Hans Richter

"The intrinsic decorative urge should not be eradicated. It is one of humankind's deep-rooted, primordial urges. Primitive people decorated their implements and cult objects with a desire to beautify and enhance....it is a sense emanating from the urge for perfection and creative accomplishment."

Sophie Taeuber-Arp Signature

Synopsis

Sophie Taeuber-Arp was a key figure in many of the important movements of the pre-World War II art scene in Europe, and was one of the most active figures around the Café Voltaire in Zurich. She dedicated her career to breaking down static, artificial boundaries between genres and forms, and celebrating the creative energy such liberation released. Her creations attempted to destabilize traditional norms in art and society, and question fixed notions of gender, class, and nationality. For Taeuber-Arp, art was both something political and something to be integrated into everyday life. She later embraced the principles of Constructivism, and became one of its most important practitioners outside of Russia. Taeuber-Arp's artworks, whether a marionette, a dancer's movement, or a textile pattern, presented the possibility of crafting a more beautiful world from the elements of the present one.

Key Ideas

Taeuber-Arp was one of the signers of the Dada Manifesto and remained dedicated to the ideas of Dada throughout her career. She applied Dada to a wide range of forms, fully embracing the utopian impulses and promises of the movement to radically transform society by transforming human perception with radicalized aesthetics.
Taeuber-Arp desired to break down the boundaries between applied and fine arts. She translated principles from one genre into another, creating beautiful and groundbreaking hybrids. For example, her work with Theo Van Doesburg in the Café de L'Aubette brought principles of applied textile design into the creation of architectural space and decor.
She also explored the relationship between fine art and performance - working with dance, movement and masks. She sought to bring the ideas of Dada and Abstraction to dance and puppetry, contrasting the restriction and freedom of movement and pose, while the masks and costumes highlighted the split between dancer and the dance.

Biography

Sophie Taeuber-Arp Photo

Childhood

Sophie Henriette Gertrude Taeuber was the fifth child in a middle-class Prussian family. Her father, Emil Taeuber, was a pharmacist who died of tuberculosis when Taeuber-Arp was still a child. Her mother, Sophie Taeuber-Krusi, opened a Bed and Breakfast in Trogen, Switzerland to support the family.

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Sophie Taeuber-Arp Biography Continues

Important Art by Sophie Taeuber-Arp

The below artworks are the most important by Sophie Taeuber-Arp - that both overview the major creative periods, and highlight the greatest achievements by the artist.

Untitled (Dada Bowl) (1916)

Untitled (Dada Bowl) (1916)

Artwork description & Analysis: This almost-minimal object of turned wood shows the possibility of infusing a functional object with a radical aesthetic. Note the upturned concave shape, perhaps reflecting the Dada belief in the topsy-turvy state of the world. Taueber-Arp applied the nascent Dada strategy of attacking the bourgeois sensibilities of a corrupt world to the decorative arts. This strategy accomplished several goals. The object straddles boundaries: it is representational and abstract, made by hand and uniform as if machine-produced, utilitarian, and aesthetic. At a time when abstraction was in the vanguard and the applied and fine arts strictly divided, this combination made the object impossible to categorize. Furthermore, the sleek upturned bowl translated the simple geometric forms then in vogue in avant-garde fine art into the three-dimensions of the material world, elegantly eradicating the division between art as representation and life.

Varnished/Lacquered Wood

Elementary Forms (1917)

Elementary Forms (1917)

Artwork description & Analysis: Unlike other textiles at this time, Elementary Forms was made to hang on a wall. Treating an embroidery like a painting was an innovation. Taeuber-Arp tried to erode notions about what materials could be used to create art. The obvious weft changes how the viewer sees the decorative embroidery, forcing one to consider its texture and the implication of the hand that made it. Taeuber-Arp takes radical notions of non-representational art and applies their tenets of color and form to traditional woman's work. In this avant-garde pursuit, she is unexpectedly enabled by traditional gender roles. Her position as a textile designer (a female occupation) was an asset because the applied arts were granted more freedom to pursue abstraction (patterns, decorative borders) than the fine arts were, as abstraction was contentious and often unrecognized as art. Designs such as this allowed her to demonstrate her complex understanding of color and shape. Elementary Forms is one of her earliest Constructivist works. The embroidery shows the complex intermixing of art and design that she pursued without differentiation. The title refers to the language then common in the dialogue around abstraction, which sought to connect to the eternal and fundamental building blocks of the universe.

Embroidery

Sophie Taeuber-Arp Dancing in Costume - Zurich (c. 1916-17)

Sophie Taeuber-Arp Dancing in Costume - Zurich (c. 1916-17)

Artwork description & Analysis: This photograph represents the advent of abstract dance in the 1910s. Masks were intended to free the dancer's spirit, and it has been suggested that the costume was richly colored in blue, red, white, and brown as well as silver and gold. The geometric, restrictive forms on her top half make movement ungainly, in contrast to the greater freedom of movement around her legs. Modern dance teacher von Laban had expanded Taeuber-Arp's understanding of dance to include intuitive and abstract movements. These unstructured forms broke from the common language of dance, paralleling the Dada attempt to break from established language and art forms of a flawed and broken social system. Like a noise poem, dance invoked nonsense to counter the established order. In contrast to the aspirations of eternality and monumentality of static works, dance highlights the tragi-comic aspect of Dada. Taeuber-Arp brought Dada's protest to the body dancing under the name G. Thauber. Neutered and made anonymous by the costume, her female body is an absurd protest and a live abstraction - fractured and hobbled like the broken world around her.

The photograph is the only visual evidence of Taeuber-Arp's activity as a dancer and one of the very few existing photographs of early Dada performance. Scholars debate if it was taken in 1916 at the Caberet Voltaire or in 1917 at the Galerie Dada, and who made the costume and mask. Regardless, it represents an important and prolific part of Dada activity. It has been theorized that the ambiguity of the photograph's reference - when and where it was taken - is what makes it such a fine example of Dada dancing. It is impossible to fix the meaning of the image or the figure, allowing every viewer to experience, and interpret, it for themselves.

Photograph - Stiftung Hans Arp and Sophie Tauber-Arp

More Sophie Taeuber-Arp Artwork and Analysis:



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Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
Interactive chart with Sophie Taeuber-Arp's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
Georges BraqueGeorges Braque
Hugo BallHugo Ball
Wassily KandinskyWassily Kandinsky

Personal Contacts

Tristan TzaraTristan Tzara
Max ErnstMax Ernst
Joan MiróJoan Miró
Hugo BallHugo Ball
Hans ArpHans Arp

Movements

DadaDada
ConstructivismConstructivism
Geometric AbstractionGeometric Abstraction
CubismCubism
FuturismFuturism

Influences on Artist
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
Years Worked: 1915 - 1943
Influenced by Artist

Artists

László Moholy-NagyLászló Moholy-Nagy
Francis PicabiaFrancis Picabia
Marcel JancoMarcel Janco
Richard HuelsenbeckRichard Huelsenbeck
Sonia DelaunaySonia Delaunay

Personal Contacts

Hannah HöchHannah Höch
Marcel JancoMarcel Janco
Robert DelaunayRobert Delaunay
Marcel DuchampMarcel Duchamp

Movements

Geometric AbstractionGeometric Abstraction
BauhausBauhaus
ConstructivismConstructivism

Useful Resources on Sophie Taeuber-Arp

Books

Articles

The books and articles below constitute a bibliography of the sources used in the writing of this page. These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet.
Sophie Taeuber-Arp Recomended resource

By Carolyn Lanchner

The Dada Painters and Poets: An Anthology

By Robert Motherwell

Dada

By Rudolf Kuenzli

Inventing Abstraction 1910-1925: How a Radical Idea Changed Modern Art

By Matthew Affron, Leah Dickerman

More Interesting Books about Sophie Taeuber-Arp
Dada Dance: Sophie Taeuber's Visceral Abstraction Recomended resource

By Nell Andrew
Art Journal

A Dada Head of its Time

By Holly Gaboriault
January 5, 2013

Batiactu (in French)

Strasbourg Restaurant
29 July 2008

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Content compiled and written by Linnea West

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Linnea West
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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