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Artists Claude Monet
Claude Monet Photo

Claude Monet

French Painter

Movement: Impressionism

Born: November 14, 1840 - Paris, France

Died: December 5, 1926 - Giverny, France

Claude Monet Timeline

Quotes

"Everyone discusses my art and pretends to understand, as if it were necessary to understand, when it is simply necessary to love."
Claude Monet
"I am driven more and more frantic by the need to render what I experience. Working so slowly I become desperate, but the further I go the more I see that one must work very hard to succeed in rendering what I am looking for: 'Instantaneity', especially the envelope, the same light that diffuses everywhere and, more than ever, things come easily and at once disgust me."
Claude Monet
"The motif is insignificant for me; what I want to represent is what lies between the motif and me."
Claude Monet
"Once more I have undertaken things which are impossible to do; water with grasses waving in depths...It's wonderful to see but it drives you mad to want to do it. But I am always trying things like that."
Claude Monet
"When you go out to paint try to forget what object you have before you - a tree, a house, a field or whatever. Merely think, here is a little square of blue, here an oblong of pink, here a streak of yellow, and paint it just as it looks to you, the exact color and shape, until it emerges as your own naive impression of the scene before you."
Claude Monet
"I tell myself that anyone who says he has finished a canvas is terribly arrogant. Finished means complete, perfect, and I toil away without making any progress, searching, fumbling around, without achieving anything much."
Claude Monet
"Everything that is painted directly and on the spot always has a force, a power, a vivacity of touch that cannot be re-created in the studio."
Claude Monet
"Since the appearance of Impressionism, the official salons, which used to be brown, have become blue, green, and red... But peppermint or chocolate, they are still confections."
Claude Monet
"Monet is just an eye - but God, what an eye!"
Paul Cézanne

"For me, a landscape does not exist in its own right, since its appearance changes at every moment; but the surrounding atmosphere brings it to life - the light and the air which vary continually. For me, it is only the surrounding atmosphere which gives subjects their true value."

Claude Monet Signature

Synopsis

Claude Monet was the leader of the French Impressionist movement, literally giving the movement its name. As an inspirational talent and personality, he was crucial in bringing its adherents together. Interested in painting in the open air and capturing natural light, Monet would later bring the technique to one of its most famous pinnacles with his series paintings, in which his observations of the same subject, viewed at various times of the day, were captured in numerous sequences of paintings. Masterful as a colorist and as a painter of light and atmosphere, his later work often achieved a remarkable degree of abstraction, and this has recommended him to subsequent generations of abstract painters.

Key Ideas

Monet's early work is indebted to the Realists' interests in depicting contemporary subject matter, without idealization, and in painting outdoors in order to capture the fleeting qualities of nature.
Inspired in part by Edouard Manet, Monet departed from the clear depiction of forms and linear perspective, which were prescribed by the established art of the time, and experimented with loose handling, bold color, and strikingly unconventional compositions. The emphasis in his pictures shifted from representing figures to depicting different qualities of light and atmosphere in each scene.
In his later years, Monet also became increasingly sensitive to the decorative qualities of color and form. He began to apply paint in smaller strokes, building it up in broad fields of color, and exploring the possibilities of a decorative paint surface of harmonies and contrasts of color. The effects that he achieved, particularly in the series paintings of the 1890s, represent a remarkable advance towards abstraction and towards a modern painting focused purely on surface effects.
An inspiration and a leader among the Impressionists, he was crucial in attracting Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Edouard Manet and Camille Pissarro to work alongside each other in and around Paris. He was also important in establishing the exhibition society that would showcase the group's work between 1874 and 1886.

Biography

Claude Monet Photo

Childhood

Born in Paris, Oscar Claude Monet moved at the age of five to Le Havre, a seaside town in northern France. His father was a successful grocer that later turned to shipping. His mother died when he was 15. The ocean and rugged coastline of Northern France had a profound effect on him at an early age, and he would often run away from school to go for walks along the cliffs and beaches. As a youth, he received instruction at the College du Havre from a former pupil of the famous Neo-Classical artist Jacques-Louis David. Creative and enterprising from an early age, he drew caricatures in his spare time and sold them for 20 francs apiece. Capitalizing on his early aptitude for art, he managed to save a good bit of money from his art sales.

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Claude Monet Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Claude Monet
Interactive chart with Claude Monet's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Eugéne BoudinEugéne Boudin
Gustave CourbetGustave Courbet
Jean-François MilletJean-François Millet
Édouard ManetÉdouard Manet
J.M.W. TurnerJ.M.W. Turner

Personal Contacts

Pierre-Auguste RenoirPierre-Auguste Renoir
Frédéric BazilleFrédéric Bazille
Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire
Alfred SisleyAlfred Sisley
Émile ZolaÉmile Zola

Movements

NeoclassicismNeoclassicism
JaponismJaponism
RealismRealism

Influences on Artist
Claude Monet
Claude Monet
Years Worked: 1852 - 1926
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Vincent van GoghVincent van Gogh
Paul CézannePaul Cézanne
Edgar DegasEdgar Degas
Georges SeuratGeorges Seurat
Camille PissarroCamille Pissarro

Personal Contacts

Paul Durand-RuelPaul Durand-Ruel
Stéphane MallarméStéphane Mallarmé
James WhistlerJames Whistler
Georges ClemenceauGeorges Clemenceau

Movements

ImpressionismImpressionism
Post-ImpressionismPost-Impressionism
SymbolismSymbolism
PointillismPointillism
FauvismFauvism

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