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Artists Arthur Dove
Arthur Dove Photo

Arthur Dove

American Painter

Movement: American Modernist Painting

Born: August 2, 1880 - Canandaigua, New York

Died: November 23, 1946 - Long Island, New York

Arthur Dove Timeline

Quotes

"The forms should tell their own story."
Arthur Dove
"I would like to make something that is real in itself that does not remind anyone of any other things, and that does not have to be explained like the letter A, for instance."
Arthur Dove
"I can claim no background except perhaps the woods, running streams, hunting, fishing, camping, the sky."
Arthur Dove
"We cannot express the light in nature because we have not the sun. We can only express the light we have in ourselves."
Arthur Dove
"What constitutes American painting?... things may be in America, but it's what is in the artist that counts. What do we call 'American' outside of painting? Inventiveness, restlessness, speed, change.."
Arthur Dove
"How do you feel about a person when you're talking over the phone? If you know them, or if you don't know them, do you get something, do you put that into words of your own, from what they say, or from what you think? Or if it were music over the radio, have you ever tried to think how it would look?"
Arthur Dove

"I look at nature, I see myself. Paintings are mirrors, so is nature."

Arthur Dove Signature

Synopsis

America in the 1910s and 1920s experienced rapid industrialization and urban growth. Arthur Dove sought refuge from the quickened pace of historical change by translating nature into an abstract and distinctly modern vocabulary of color, shape, and line. This retreat into the slow, sustained rhythms of the natural world, its annual renewal, and its visual, spiritual, and auditory sensations define his career. Dove, who was an ardent amateur musician, was also deeply inspired by the parallels between the visual arts and music, and created many works inspired by the popular songs he listened to on the radio. Dove can be seen, simultaneously, as an heir to 19th-century Transcendentalists such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, as well as an influence on such later Abstract Expressionists as Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, and Lee Krasner.

Key Ideas

In the age of machines and materialism, Dove's work instead concentrated on nature as an something to experience, rather than a commodity to own. He stressed the interconnection of humans and the environment, and painted emotionally charged and brilliantly colored scenes of natural wonder.
Dove was attracted to the timelessness of nature, which he interpreted into a modern abstract vocabulary of color, shape, line, and scale. Simultaneously, Dove was both the heir to 19th-century American landscape painting, and the practitioner of new forms of modern painting.
Despite the evident influence of French Modernism, Dove's artwork is firmly located within cultural and artistic traditions of reverence for the American land, considering nature as the nation's living past.
Dove was a central member of Alfred Stieglitz's group who were the first moderns in American art. The collective broke away from representational and narrative art, created works that were innovative and often abstract in terms of their style, color, composition, and forms.

Biography

Arthur Dove Photo

Childhood

Arthur Dove was born on August 2, 1880, in Canandaigua, New York, to parents of English descent; his father, a successful businessman, was a building contractor and brick manufacturer. As a child, Dove became friends with a neighbor, naturalist Newton Weatherby, who took him along on hunting, fishing, and camping excursions and encouraged Dove's lifelong fascination with nature. Weatherby was also an amateur artist who gave assorted scraps of canvas to Dove to paint on.

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Arthur Dove Biography Continues

Important Art by Arthur Dove

The below artworks are the most important by Arthur Dove - that both overview the major creative periods, and highlight the greatest achievements by the artist.

Lobster (1908)

Lobster (1908)

Artwork description & Analysis: Painted while in Paris, Lobster shows the influence of the French modern masters upon Dove, in particular Paul CĂ©zanne's spatial arrangements, and Henri Matisse's bold, signature color. Here, Dove reinterprets the traditional artistic subject of a still life in a modern style. Dove represents a splendid repast of ripe fruit and a lobster arranged on a cloth-covered table, against a vividly patterned wallpaper suggestive of a middle-class home. When he left Europe to return home to America the following year, Dove left the painting behind to be exhibited at the 1909 Salon d'Automne, the Parisian showcase for progressive, modern art. In 1910, Dove was introduced to Alfred Stieglitz and was included his influential exhibition of the same year Younger American Painters. American critics, rather conventional in their tastes and unaccustomed to modernist works, denounced Lobster's "radical" French traits such as its high key colors, thickly applied paint (impasto), and the tilt of the table, which flattens the picture plane. Lobster was the last representational image Dove painted.

Oil on canvas - Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, TX

Nature Symbolized No, 2 (1911)

Nature Symbolized No, 2 (1911)

Artwork description & Analysis: Rather than try faithfully reproducing elements of nature, Dove stove as a painter to capture its spiritual aspects, bringing attention to those movements and lifecycles beyond the human eye. The heart of Dove's artistic philosophy was the articulation of "essences" that would transmit this sense of the spiritual in nature. These "essences" were biomorphic shapes that represented different kinds of energy or organic evolution, suggesting an inner principle of inherent reality. In this work, curvilinear forms and shades of green relate a sense of growth and also, movements in nature, evoking the sensation of greenery being rustled by the wind. His early abstractions, especially the large pastel paintings on linen such as this work, are part of his effort to capture these transitory effects.

Large pastel paintings on linen - The Art Institute of Chicago

The Critic (1925)

The Critic (1925)

Artwork description & Analysis: For this whimsical piece, Dove pasted together art auction advertisements, art reviews, and exhibition announcements. Few American artists prior to World War II made collages, and Dove was the most proficient artist to do so. In Europe, Braque and Picasso had explored the compositional interplay between painted and glued-on elements, while Dada artists introduced the political, the irrational, and the satirical in their collages. In addition to these European precedents, Dove could have also been inspired by 19th-century American folk art such as work by Victorian amateurs and the Shakers; folk art was then in vogue in America. Here, Dove has created a pointed commentary on the critic Forbes Watson of whom the artist was himself highly critical. Watson's empty head and idle monocle hanging from his neck provides telling clues about the uselessness of the critic's word and judgment. The vacuum cleaner that the critic holds and the roller skates that he wears, both cut from newspaper, diminish any sense of the man's authority. Dove's The Critic, through its light humor, reveals tensions between the old guard and modern artists in America.

Collaged paper, newspaper, fabric, cord, glass, pencil, and watercolor on board - Whitney Museum of American Art

More Arthur Dove Artwork and Analysis:



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Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Arthur Dove
Interactive chart with Arthur Dove's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Piet MondrianPiet Mondrian
Henri MatisseHenri Matisse
Alfred MaurerAlfred Maurer
Max WeberMax Weber

Personal Contacts

Georgia O'KeeffeGeorgia O'Keeffe
Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz

Movements

FauvismFauvism
Modernism and Modern ArtModernism and Modern Art
CubismCubism

Influences on Artist
Arthur Dove
Arthur Dove
Years Worked: 1880 - 1946
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Joseph CornellJoseph Cornell
Marsden HartleyMarsden Hartley
Jackson PollockJackson Pollock
Mark RothkoMark Rothko

Personal Contacts

Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz
Georgia O'KeeffeGeorgia O'Keeffe

Movements

Abstract ExpressionismAbstract Expressionism

Useful Resources on Arthur Dove

Books

Websites

Articles

Videos

The books and articles below constitute a bibliography of the sources used in the writing of this page. These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet.

paintings

Arthur Dove: A Retrospective Recomended resource

By Debra Bricker Balken, William C. Agee, Elizabeth Hutton Turner

Arthur Dove: Watercolors and Pastels Recomended resource

By Melanie Kirschner

Dove/O'Keeffe: Circles of Influence

By Debra Bricker Balken

In the American Grain: Arthur Dove, Marsden Hartley, John Marin, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Alfred Stieglitz: The Stieglitz Circle at the Phillips Collection

By Marsden Hartley, John Marin, Georgia O'Keeffe, Alfred Stieglitz, Arthur Dove

More Interesting Books about Arthur Dove
Their Inspiring Relationship

By Judith H. Dobrzynski
The Wall Street Journal
July 8, 2009

Painting at a Crossroads

By Christopher Knight
The Los Angeles Times
August 5, 1998

Arthur Dove Finally Takes Wing Recomended resource

By Hunter Drohojowska-Philp
The Los Angeles Times
August 2, 1998

A Catalogue Raisonné for Arthur Dove Recomended resource

By Hilton Kramer
The New Criterion
February 1985

More Interesting Articles about Arthur Dove
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Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
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Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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