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Artists Arthur Dove
Arthur Dove Photo

Arthur Dove

American Painter

Movement: American Modernist Painting

Born: August 2, 1880 - Canandaigua, New York

Died: November 23, 1946 - Long Island, New York

Arthur Dove Timeline

Quotes

"The forms should tell their own story."
Arthur Dove
"I would like to make something that is real in itself that does not remind anyone of any other things, and that does not have to be explained like the letter A, for instance."
Arthur Dove
"I can claim no background except perhaps the woods, running streams, hunting, fishing, camping, the sky."
Arthur Dove
"We cannot express the light in nature because we have not the sun. We can only express the light we have in ourselves."
Arthur Dove
"What constitutes American painting?... things may be in America, but it's what is in the artist that counts. What do we call 'American' outside of painting? Inventiveness, restlessness, speed, change.."
Arthur Dove
"How do you feel about a person when you're talking over the phone? If you know them, or if you don't know them, do you get something, do you put that into words of your own, from what they say, or from what you think? Or if it were music over the radio, have you ever tried to think how it would look?"
Arthur Dove

"I look at nature, I see myself. Paintings are mirrors, so is nature."

Arthur Dove Signature

Synopsis

America in the 1910s and 1920s experienced rapid industrialization and urban growth. Arthur Dove sought refuge from the quickened pace of historical change by translating nature into an abstract and distinctly modern vocabulary of color, shape, and line. This retreat into the slow, sustained rhythms of the natural world, its annual renewal, and its visual, spiritual, and auditory sensations define his career. Dove, who was an ardent amateur musician, was also deeply inspired by the parallels between the visual arts and music, and created many works inspired by the popular songs he listened to on the radio. Dove can be seen, simultaneously, as an heir to 19th-century Transcendentalists such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, as well as an influence on such later Abstract Expressionists as Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, and Lee Krasner.

Key Ideas

In the age of machines and materialism, Dove's work instead concentrated on nature as an something to experience, rather than a commodity to own. He stressed the interconnection of humans and the environment, and painted emotionally charged and brilliantly colored scenes of natural wonder.
Dove was attracted to the timelessness of nature, which he interpreted into a modern abstract vocabulary of color, shape, line, and scale. Simultaneously, Dove was both the heir to 19th-century American landscape painting, and the practitioner of new forms of modern painting.
Despite the evident influence of French Modernism, Dove's artwork is firmly located within cultural and artistic traditions of reverence for the American land, considering nature as the nation's living past.
Dove was a central member of Alfred Stieglitz's group who were the first moderns in American art. The collective broke away from representational and narrative art, created works that were innovative and often abstract in terms of their style, color, composition, and forms.

Biography

Arthur Dove Photo

Childhood

Arthur Dove was born on August 2, 1880, in Canandaigua, New York, to parents of English descent; his father, a successful businessman, was a building contractor and brick manufacturer. As a child, Dove became friends with a neighbor, naturalist Newton Weatherby, who took him along on hunting, fishing, and camping excursions and encouraged Dove's lifelong fascination with nature. Weatherby was also an amateur artist who gave assorted scraps of canvas to Dove to paint on.

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Arthur Dove Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Arthur Dove
Interactive chart with Arthur Dove's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Piet MondrianPiet Mondrian
Henri MatisseHenri Matisse
Alfred MaurerAlfred Maurer
Max WeberMax Weber

Personal Contacts

Georgia O'KeeffeGeorgia O'Keeffe
Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz

Movements

FauvismFauvism
Modernism and Modern ArtModernism and Modern Art
CubismCubism

Influences on Artist
Arthur Dove
Arthur Dove
Years Worked: 1880 - 1946
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Joseph CornellJoseph Cornell
Marsden HartleyMarsden Hartley
Jackson PollockJackson Pollock
Mark RothkoMark Rothko

Personal Contacts

Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz
Georgia O'KeeffeGeorgia O'Keeffe

Movements

Abstract ExpressionismAbstract Expressionism

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Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

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Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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