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Artists Roy Lichtenstein
Roy Lichtenstein Photo

Roy Lichtenstein

American Painter, Sculptor, and Lithographer

Movements and Styles: Pop Art, Postmodernism

Born: October 27, 1923 - New York, NY

Died: September 29, 1997 - New York, NY

Roy Lichtenstein Timeline

Quotes

"I'm interested in portraying a sort of antisensibility that pervades society .."
Roy Lichtenstein
"My use of evenly repeated dots and diagonal lines and uninflected color areas suggest that my work is right where it is, right on the canvas, definitely not a window into the world."
Roy Lichtenstein
"Visible brushstrokes in a painting convey a sense of grand gesture. But, in my hands, the brushstroke becomes a depiction of grand gesture. So the contradiction between what I'm portraying and how I am portraying it is sharp. The brushstroke became very important for my work."
Roy Lichtenstein
"There are certain things that are usable, forceful, and vital about commercial art."
Roy Lichtenstein
"All abstract artists try to tell you that what they do comes from nature, and I'm always trying to tell you that what I do is completely abstract."
Roy Lichtenstein
"When I have used cartoon images, I've used them ironically."
Roy Lichtenstein

"I'm never drawing the object itself; I'm only drawing a depiction of the object - a kind of crystallized symbol of it."

Roy Lichtenstein Signature

Synopsis

Roy Lichtenstein was one of the first American Pop artists to achieve widespread renown, and he became a lightning rod for criticism of the movement. His early work ranged widely in style and subject matter, and displayed considerable understanding of modernist painting: Lichtenstein would often maintain that he was as interested in the abstract qualities of his images as he was in their subject matter. However, the mature Pop style he arrived at in 1961, which was inspired by comic strips, was greeted by accusations of banality, lack of originality, and, later, even copying. His high-impact, iconic images have since become synonymous with Pop art, and his method of creating images, which blended aspects of mechanical reproduction and drawing by hand, has become central to critics' understanding of the significance of the movement.

Key Ideas

Art had carried references to popular culture throughout the 20th century, but in Lichtenstein's works the styles, subject matter, and techniques of reproduction common in popular culture appeared to dominate the art entirely. This marked a major shift away from Abstract Expressionism, whose often tragic themes were thought to well up from the souls of the artists; Lichtenstein's inspirations came from the culture at large and suggested little of the artist's individual feelings.
Although, in the early 1960s, Lichtenstein was often casually accused of merely copying his pictures from cartoons, his method involved some considerable alteration of the source images. The extent of those changes, and the artist's rationale for introducing them, has long been central to discussions of his work, as it would seem to indicate whether he was interested above all in producing pleasing, artistic compositions, or in shocking his viewers with the garish impact of popular culture.
Lichtenstein's emphasis on methods of mechanical reproduction - particularly through his signature use of Ben-Day dots - highlighted one of the central lessons of Pop art, that all forms of communication, all messages, are filtered through codes or languages. Arguably, he learned his appreciation of the value of codes from his early work, which drew on an eclectic range of modern painting. This appreciation may also have later encouraged him to make work inspired by masterpieces of modern art; in these works he argued that high art and popular art were no different: both rely on code.

Biography

Roy Lichtenstein Photo

Childhood

Roy Fox Lichtenstein was born in New York City in a family with a German-Jewish background. He grew up on the Upper West Side of Manhattan with his father Milton, a real-estate broker, his mother Beatrice, a homemaker, and his younger sister Renee. As a child, Lichtenstein spent time listening to science fiction radio programs, visiting the American Museum of Natural History, building model airplanes, and drawing. As a teenager he nurtured his artistic interests by taking watercolor classes at Parsons School of Design, and in high school he started a jazz band.

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Roy Lichtenstein Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Roy Lichtenstein
Interactive chart with Roy Lichtenstein's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Henri MatisseHenri Matisse
Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
Jasper JohnsJasper Johns
Robert RauschenbergRobert Rauschenberg
Reginald MarshReginald Marsh

Personal Contacts

Allan KaprowAllan Kaprow
Claes OldenburgClaes Oldenburg

Movements

ExpressionismExpressionism
CubismCubism
SurrealismSurrealism
Abstract ExpressionismAbstract Expressionism
HappeningsHappenings

Influences on Artist
Roy Lichtenstein
Roy Lichtenstein
Years Worked: 1940 - 1997
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Keith HaringKeith Haring
Damien HirstDamien Hirst
Jeff KoonsJeff Koons
Takashi MurakamiTakashi Murakami

Personal Contacts

Andy WarholAndy Warhol
Frederic TutenFrederic Tuten

Movements

Pop ArtPop Art
Neo Pop ArtNeo Pop Art

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Content compiled and written by Rachel Gershman

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Rachel Gershman
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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