Modern Artists Full List Dutch Modern Artists

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Dutch Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of the achievements of Dutch artists. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

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Dutch: 12 of 446 Total Artists
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Dutch Painter and Draughtsman

Movements and Styles: Northern Renaissance, Gothic Art and Architecture

Born: c. 1450 - ’s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant (now Netherlands)

Died: August 9, 1516 - ’s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant (now Netherlands)

Hieronymus Bosch was a Dutch painter during the Northern Renaissance that painted real and imaginary figures in vast landscapes that demonstrated allegories, narratives and morality lessons.

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Flemish Artist and Engraver

Movement: Northern Renaissance

Born: 1525-30 - Near Breda, Netherlands

Died: September 9, 1569 - Brussels, Belgium

Pieter Bruegel the Elder was one of the most important Flemish Renaissance painters who was a key influence on the Dutch Golden Age of painting. His works diverged from the tradition of religious scenes and portraits, and instead depicted landscapes and peasant scenes.

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Dutch-American Draftsman, Painter, and Sculptor

Movement: Abstract Expressionism

Born: April 24, 1904 - Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Died: March 19, 1997 - East Hampton, New York

Willem de Kooning, a Dutch immigrant to New York, was one of the foremost Abstract Expressionist painters. His abstract compositions drew on Surrealist and figurative traditions, and typified the expressionistic 'gestural' style of the New York School.

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Flemish Painter, Engraver, Writer, and Musician

Movements and Styles: Realism, Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism, Expressionism

Born: April 13, 1860 - Ostend, Belgium

Died: November 19, 1949 - Ostend, Belgium

James Ensor's complex use of allegory and eccentric subject matter, such as carnivals, puppetry, and skeletons, made him one of the nineteenth century's most innovative and important visual artists.

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Dutch Printmaker, Draftsman, and Illustrator

Movements and Styles: Op Art, Surrealism, Expressionism

Born: June 17, 1898 - Leeuwarden, Netherlands

Died: March 27, 1972 - Laren, North Holland, Netherlands

Escher created 'impossible constructions' and images which utilize mathematical shapes, architecture, and perspective to create a visual enigma.

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Dutch Painter

Movements and Styles: De Stijl, Neo-Plasticism

Born: March 7, 1872 - Amersfoort, The Netherlands

Died: February 1, 1944 - New York, New York

Piet Mondrian, a founding member of the De Stijl movement, was a Dutch modern artist who used grids, perpendicular lines, and the three primary colors in what he deemed "Neoplastic" painting.

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Dutch Painter, Draftsman, Printmaker

Movements and Styles: The Baroque, Dutch Golden Age

Born: July 15, 1607 - Leiden, the Dutch Republic

Died: October 4, 1669 - Amsterdam

The seventeenth-century Dutch artist is among the premier master painters in Western civilization. Rembrandt's art was characterized by his sweeping Biblical narratives, stunning attention to detail, and masterful use of chiaroscuro, the painterly application of light and shadow.

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Dutch Painter, Designer, and Architect

Movements and Styles: De Stijl, Elementarism

Born: Born: August 30, 1883 - Utrecht, Netherlands

Died: Died: March 7, 1931 - Davos, Switzerland

Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, who together with Piet Mondrian established the De Stijl movement. Van Doesburg's most famous work experimented with geometric abstraction and archetypal forms. He was also a prominent architect and writer.

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Dutch-French Painter

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Expressionism

Born: January 26, 1877 - Delfshaven, Netherlands

Died: May 28, 1968 - Monte Carlo, Monaco

The Dutch-French artist's works created a remarkable record of fashions and social attitudes in Paris over the first half of the twentieth century and added to the output and scope of the Fauvism movement.

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Dutch Painter

Movements and Styles: Northern Renaissance, Gothic Art and Architecture

Born: c. 1385 - 1390 - Maaseyck (also: Maaseik), near Maastricht, Holy Roman Empire (now Belgium)

Died: July 9, 1441 - Bruges, the Netherlands

Jan Van Eyck was a Flemish painter who was one of the leading artists in Early Northern Renaissance art. Credited as one of the first artists to use oil paints in his works, Van Eyck has created some of the most enduring masterpieces of the Northern Renaissance period, including The Ghent Altarpiece.

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Dutch Draftsman and Painter

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism

Born: March 30, 1853 - Groot-Zundert, The Netherlands

Died: July 29, 1890 - Auvers-sur-Oise, France

Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch painter, commonly associated with the Post-Impressionist period. As one of the most prolific and experimental artists of his time, van Gogh was a spontaneous painter and a master of color and perspective. Troubled by personal demons all his life, many historians speculate that van Gogh suffered from a bipolar disorder.

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Dutch Painter

Movements and Styles: The Baroque, Dutch Golden Age

Born: October 1632 - Delft, The Dutch Republic

Died: December 1675 - Delft, The Dutch Republic

Regarded as one of the foremost masters of Dutch painting, Vermeer specialized in domestic interior scenes with balanced compositions, soft-focus elements, and luminous effects.

Dutch: 12 of 446 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.