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Artists Reginald Marsh
Reginald Marsh Photo

Reginald Marsh

American Painter and Photographer

Movement: Social Realism

Born: March 14, 1898 - Paris, France

Died: July 3, 1954 - Dorset, Vermont

Reginald Marsh Timeline

Quotes

"Must not American painting, to endure, seek to gain knowledge of the principles of the great tradition of Western Art?"
Reginald Marsh
"There is a world of real people, both male and female - flesh, blood, elbows, facial expression, unbroken necks - a world that has more in it than rubber clouds, hors-d'oeurves, cockeyed tables, splintery napkins, jittery Africans, one-sided women."
Reginald Marsh
"I like to go to Coney Island because of the sea, the open air, and the crowds - crowds of people in all directions, in all positions, without clothing, moving - like the great compositions of Michelangelo and Rubens"
Reginald Marsh

"Well-bred people are no fun to paint. I'd rather paint an old suit of clothes than a new one because an old one has character, reality is exposed and not disguised. People of wealth spend money to disguise themselves."

Synopsis

Marsh was a keen observer of people and his exuberant, documentary style paintings are unique in their focus on crowds rather than individuals. Painting in the 1930s and 40s, Marsh portrayed a city undergoing radical social and economic change through the Depression, the altering role of women in society, and the onset of the Second World War. An urban realist, he was fascinated with populist activities including the amusements of Coney Island, burlesque shows, and dance halls, Marsh chronicled the daily lives of working class New Yorkers, often representing the seedier side of the entertainments they enjoyed. Although stylistically modern, Marsh can be seen as the New York equivalent of artists and caricaturists such as William Hogarth (eighteenth-century London) and Honore Daumier (nineteenth-century Paris), painting what he saw but also offering elements of social commentary and occasional satire.

Key Ideas

Through complex, multi-figure compositions and bright colors Marsh captured the energy and pace of New York. His work often lacked a single visual focus and this, in conjunction with his choppy brushwork and asymmetry, does not allow the eye to settle at any one point, creating a sense of restlessness and continual movement in his paintings which is in direct contrast with other Regionalist artists.
The depiction of posters and advertising play a key role in many of Marsh's works focusing attention on the proliferation of the medium and contrasting its garish appearance, products, and promises with the everyday lives of those who consumed it. In faithfully reproducing this imagery and using it as a social commentary, Marsh can be seen as a forerunner of the Pop Art movement that emerged in the late 1950s.
Many of Marsh's works display a separation and contrast between the sexes and there is often an element of voyeurism - men are shown in the background watching women perform in burlesque halls, but also on the street. The artist, however, seems to approach the subject of exploitation and power differential between the sexes with a degree of sympathy. The women that Marsh depicted were never diminutive but form a compelling focus for the viewer (as well as for the voyeurs).
There is a strong sense of underlying sexuality in much of the artist's work. Marsh often portrayed the naked and scantily-clothed bodies of female performers or the swimsuit clad crowds on Coney Island. In utilizing this imagery Marsh highlighted the contrast between the respectable nudes of Renaissance and Baroque art and the more tawdry use of nudity in a burlesque context or in the exhibitionism associated with certain leisure pursuits.

Biography

Reginald Marsh Photo

Childhood and Education

Reginald Marsh was born into a wealthy American family. His parents were both artists, father, Fred Dana Marsh was known for his paintings and murals of society themes, whilst his mother, Alice Randall, focused on watercolor works. After spending the first two years of his life in Paris, the family returned to America, settling in an artists' colony in Nutley, New Jersey. The artist's formative years were spent surrounded by people who fostered his interest in art and the medium provided an outlet and form of expression for Marsh who was a shy and socially awkward child. In 1914, at the age of 16, Marsh moved with his family to New Rochelle, New York where shortly after he was sent away for his education first to Riverview Military Academy in Poughkeepsie and then to Lawrenceville Preparatory School in New Jersey.

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Reginald Marsh Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Reginald Marsh
Interactive chart with Reginald Marsh's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Isabel Bishop
Charles BurchfieldCharles Burchfield
Eugène DelacroixEugène Delacroix
Edward HopperEdward Hopper
MichelangeloMichelangelo

Personal Contacts

Alan Burroughs
Bryson Burroughs
Lloyd GoodrichLloyd Goodrich

Movements

The BaroqueThe Baroque
RealismRealism
American RegionalismAmerican Regionalism
RenaissanceRenaissance
RomanticismRomanticism

Influences on Artist
Reginald Marsh
Reginald Marsh
Years Worked: 1920 - 1954
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Isabel Bishop
Charles BurchfieldCharles Burchfield
Edward HopperEdward Hopper
Edward Lanning
Ben ShahnBen Shahn

Personal Contacts

Alan Burroughs
Lloyd GoodrichLloyd Goodrich

Movements

Fourteenth Street School
Photography
RealismRealism
American RegionalismAmerican Regionalism
Social RealismSocial Realism

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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Jessica DiPalma

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kate Stephenson

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Jessica DiPalma
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kate Stephenson
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