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Juan Gris Photo

Juan Gris

Spanish Painter, Illustrator, and Sculptor

Movement: Cubism

Born: March 23 1887 - Madrid, Spain

Died: May 11 1927 - Boulogne-sur-Seine, France

Juan Gris Timeline

Quotes

"I prefer the emotion that corrects the rule."
Juan Gris
"You are lost the moment you know what the result will be."
Juan Gris
"I make a composition with a white and a black, and make adjustments when the white has become a paper and the black a shadow."
Juan Gris
"I try to make concrete that which is abstract."
Juan Gris
"Cubism is moving around an object to seize several successive appearances, which fused in a single image, reconstitute it in time."
Juan Gris
"Four years partly illness much perfection and rejoining beauty and perfection and then at the end there came a definite creation of something. This is what is to be measured."
Gertrude Stein from The Life and Death of Juan Gris

"Cézanne made a cylinder out of a bottle. I start from the cylinder to create a special kind of individual object. I make a bottle out of a cylinder."

Juan Gris Signature

Synopsis

One of Gertrude Stein's favorite artists, and the only Cubist talented enough to make Picasso uncomfortable, Juan Gris built upon the foundations of early Cubism and steered the movement in new directions. A member of the tight-knit circle of avant-garde artists working in Paris, Gris adopted the radically fragmented picture spaces of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, imparting to his works a bold, graphic look. Gris's paintings are immediately distinguishable from theirs, informed by his background as an illustrator, with a slick, almost commercial appearance, and crisp design elements throughout.

Key Ideas

Whereas Picasso and Braque delighted in destroying the conventions of painting, Gris's chief aim was to please the eye. As the artist himself put it, 'I prefer the emotion that corrects the rule'. Despite his radical treatment of the picture space, his well-balanced compositions, saturated colors, and traditional subjects popularized the avant-garde movement.
Like Picasso and Braque, he incorporated newsprint and advertisements into his work. Whereas they tended to snip these elements into smithereens, however, he leaves more of the original pieces of ads and newsprint intact, as if to preserve the integrity of the originals. In lifting popular culture into the realm of high art, he is an important forerunner of Dada and Pop artists, among them Marcel Duchamp, Stuart Davis, and Andy Warhol.
He was among the visionaries (poets, choreographers, musicians and visual artists) who built pathways among the arts. His costumes for the Ballet Russes show his commitment to interdisciplinary collaboration, an idea that gathered momentum and became central to contemporary art.

Biography

Juan Gris Photo

Childhood

The man who would become Juan Gris, one of the leading figures in Cubist painting, was born José Victoriano Carmelo Carlos González-Pérez in Madrid in 1887. The thirteenth of fourteen children, he attended Madrid's Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas from 1902 to 1904, where he studied mathematics, physics, and mechanical drawing. Though he was a strong student, the rigidity of academic life did not appeal to him, and his natural ability in drawing encouraged him to shift his focus to the study of art.

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Juan Gris Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Juan Gris
Interactive chart with Juan Gris's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Jean MetzingerJean Metzinger
Robert DelaunayRobert Delaunay

Personal Contacts

Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso
Georges BraqueGeorges Braque
Henri MatisseHenri Matisse

Movements

CubismCubism

Influences on Artist
Juan Gris
Juan Gris
Years Worked: 1906 - 1927
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Joseph CornellJoseph Cornell
Diego RiveraDiego Rivera
Andy WarholAndy Warhol

Personal Contacts

Salvador DalíSalvador Dalí
Sergei DiaghilevSergei Diaghilev

Movements

CubismCubism
SurrealismSurrealism
Abstract ExpressionismAbstract Expressionism
Pop ArtPop Art

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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by The Art Story Contributors

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Ruth Epstein

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by The Art Story Contributors
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Ruth Epstein
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