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Artists Kenneth Noland
Kenneth Noland Photo

Kenneth Noland

American Painter

Movements and Styles: Color Field Painting, Post-Painterly Abstraction

Born: April 10, 1924 - Asheville, North Carolina

Died: January 5, 2010 - Port Clyde, Maine

Kenneth Noland Timeline

Quotes

"With artists of my own generation there was at first no group identity - and never a clique."
Kenneth Noland
"As time goes on, I realize more and more that, beginning in the early '30s, David Smith began setting the precedent for what was to come later for many of us."
Kenneth Noland
"For me context is the key - from that comes the understanding of everything."
Kenneth Noland
"Because of this the representation I'm interested in is of those things only the eye can touch."
Kenneth Noland
"Context begins with other artists - seniors and mentors."
Kenneth Noland

"I think of painting without subject matter as music without words."

Kenneth Noland Signature

Synopsis

Kenneth Noland's Color Field painting, which was categorized by Clement Greenberg as belonging to the "Post-Painterly Abstraction" movement, was some of the most focused and consistent art produced in mid-20th-century America. After studying under such artists as Ilya Bolotowsky and Josef Albers and working alongside fellow second-generation Color Field abstractionists like Helen Frankenthaler and Morris Louis, Noland developed a signature style based on simplified abstract forms, including targets, chevrons, and stripes. Noland's paintings are characterized by strikingly minimalist compositions of shape and color. In this regard, Noland's art has influenced a wide range of contemporary abstractionists who continue to experiment with highly simplified forms and pure saturated color.

Key Ideas

Noland's concentric circles were not targets, the diagonals of his chevrons did not indicate receding space, and his broad horizontal stripes were decidedly not literal horizons. Each was solely a means of exploring pure color. This reductive approach also foreshadowed the emergence of Minimalism.
Noland applied Josef Albers's theory of "the interaction of colors" to his own compositions, which explore the relationships between contrasting or complementary colors; painted in thin yet opaque layers, each tone reveals its particular characteristic weight, density, and transparency.
As a member of the Color Field contingent that practiced hard-edge abstraction, Noland was interested in removing all texture, gesture, and emotional content from his paintings. He even executed some works on shaped canvases that were filled by their compositions from edge to edge, leaving no marginal space for suggestions of depth or background. In these shaped works, the viewer no longer looks "into" the picture; instead, the work of art coexists in the viewer's space as a complete object.

Biography

Kenneth Noland Photo

Childhood

Kenneth Noland was born on April 10, 1924 in Asheville, North Carolina, one of five sons of Harry Caswell Noland and Bessie Noland. Noland's father was a physician; Noland later described him as a "Sunday painter," an amateur artist who painted in his spare time. Having access to his father's brushes, paints, and canvases, the young Noland played and experimented with these materials, which instilled in him a love of painting and the visual arts. Another early influence was an exhibition of Monet's paintings that he viewed at the National Gallery in Washington, D.C.

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Kenneth Noland Biography Continues

Important Art by Kenneth Noland

The below artworks are the most important by Kenneth Noland - that both overview the major creative periods, and highlight the greatest achievements by the artist.

Tiger Lilies (1953)
Artwork Images

Tiger Lilies (1953)

Artwork description & Analysis: This early oil painting dates close to Noland's first visit to Helen Frankenthaler's studio, when the artist was clearly still working under Abstract Expressionism's influence and trying to find his own painterly voice. Noland's early style is exemplified by visible brushwork, monochromatic palette, and calligraphic markings; the painting's title indicates that he had not yet ceased making references to the material world in his art.

Oil and enamel paint on canvas - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.

Ex-Nihilo (1958)
Artwork Images

Ex-Nihilo (1958)

Artwork description & Analysis: The late 1950s marked an important turning point in Noland's career. In Ex Nihilo (a Latin phrase meaning "out of nothing"), Noland began painting simplified forms and balancing carefully selected colors in order to create, as the painting's title suggests, something out of nothing. However, Noland had yet to find his signature style. Unlike his later renditions of his circles and targets, where color itself is the subject, here he hinted at the representational or even the figurative. The gray-ringed, amoeba-like form resembles an egg being fertilized from its left side, while the innermost area (painted in gold, pink, and pale blue) could be some kind of zygote. We seem to be witnessing the conception of form, as order is manifested out of chaos.

Magna on canvas - Private collection

Beginnings (1958)
Artwork Images

Beginnings (1958)

Artwork description & Analysis: This work, which places concentric circles on a perfectly square canvas, marks one of Noland's very first attempts at painting basic forms and archetypal patterns. Beginnings's circles are slightly irregular, an effect that may or may not have been intentional. Their varying colors complement or contrast with one another, creating a lively perceptual effect for the viewer. The final, jagged penumbra of black paint that frames these inner circles reinforces the improvisational feel of the whole work, pulling the viewer's attention beyond the nested circular forms and imbuing the whole with a burst of energy.

Magna on canvas - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.

More Kenneth Noland Artwork and Analysis:



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Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Kenneth Noland
Interactive chart with Kenneth Noland's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Paul KleePaul Klee
Ossip ZadkineOssip Zadkine
Piet MondrianPiet Mondrian
Ilya BolotowskyIlya Bolotowsky
Josef AlbersJosef Albers

Personal Contacts

Barnett NewmanBarnett Newman
Clement GreenbergClement Greenberg
Morris LouisMorris Louis
Helen FrankenthalerHelen Frankenthaler
David SmithDavid Smith

Movements

SuprematismSuprematism
BauhausBauhaus
Abstract ExpressionismAbstract Expressionism
Neo-PlasticismNeo-Plasticism

Influences on Artist
Kenneth Noland
Kenneth Noland
Years Worked: 1953 - 2010
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Frank StellaFrank Stella
Ellsworth KellyEllsworth Kelly
Jules OlitskiJules Olitski
Robert IrwinRobert Irwin

Personal Contacts

Morris LouisMorris Louis
Helen FrankenthalerHelen Frankenthaler
Donald JuddDonald Judd
Michael FriedMichael Fried
Rosalind KraussRosalind Krauss

Movements

Washington Color SchoolWashington Color School
Hard-edge PaintingHard-edge Painting
Color Field PaintingColor Field Painting
Post-Painterly AbstractionPost-Painterly Abstraction

Useful Resources on Kenneth Noland

Books

Websites

Articles

Videos

The books and articles below constitute a bibliography of the sources used in the writing of this page. These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet.

biography

Kenneth Noland: The Nature Of Color

By Alison de Lima Greene, Karen Wilkin, and Peter Marzio

Kenneth Noland

By Kenworth Moffett

Kenneth Noland (20th Century Artists)

By Karen Wilkin

More Interesting Books about Kenneth Noland
Kenneth Noland Recomended resource

By Mark Dagley
The Brooklyn Rail
February 3, 2010

Kenneth Noland, Abstract Painter of Brilliantly Colored Shapes, Dies at 85

By William Grimes
The New York Times
January 6, 2010

Ken Noland, American Color Field Painter

By Terry Fenton
The Examiner
January 6, 2010

No Message, No Story: The Color's About Color Recomended resource

By Grace Glueck
The New York Times
September 6, 2002

More Interesting Articles about Kenneth Noland

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Content compiled and written by Justin Wolf

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Justin Wolf
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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