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The Art Story Homepage Artists Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet Photo

Édouard Manet

French Draftsman and Painter

Movements and Styles: Impressionism, Realism

Born: January 23, 1832 - Paris, France

Died: April 30, 1883 - Paris, France

Édouard Manet Timeline

"I paint what I see and not what others like to see."

Édouard Manet Signature

Summary

Édouard Manet was the most important and influential artist to have heeded poet Charles Baudelaire's call to artists to become painters of modern life. Manet had an upper-class upbringing, but also led a bohemian life, and was driven to scandalize the French Salon public with his disregard for academic conventions and his strikingly modern images of urban life. He has long been associated with the Impressionists; he was certainly an important influence on them and he learned much from them himself. However, in recent years critics have acknowledged that he also learned from the Realism and Naturalism of his French contemporaries, and even from 17th century Spanish painting. This twin interest in Old Masters and contemporary Realism gave him the crucial foundation for his revolutionary approach.

Key Ideas

Manet's modernity lies above all in his eagerness to update older genres of painting by injecting new content or by altering the conventional elements. He did so with an acute sensitivity to historical tradition and contemporary reality. This was also undoubtedly the root cause of many of the scandals he provoked.
He is credited with popularizing the technique of alla prima painting. Rather than build up colors in layers, Manet would immediately lay down the hue that most closely matched the final effect he sought. The approach came to be used widely by the Impressionists, who found it perfectly suited to the pressures of capturing effects of light and atmosphere whilst painting outdoors.
His loose handling of paint, and his schematic rendering of volumes, led to areas of "flatness" in his pictures. In the artist's day, this flatness may have suggested popular posters or the artifice of painting - as opposed to its realism. Today, critics see this quality as the first example of "flatness" in modern art.
Édouard Manet Photo

Édouard Manet was born into an upper-middle-class Parisian family. His father, August, was a dedicated, high-ranking civil servant and his mother, Eugenie, was the daughter of a diplomat. Along with his two younger brothers, Manet grew up in a bourgeois environment, both socially conservative and financially comfortable. A mediocre student at best, he enrolled at thirteen in a drawing class at The Rollin School.

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Édouard Manet
Interactive chart with Édouard Manet's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
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Artists

TitianTitian
Thomas CoutureThomas Couture
Gustave CourbetGustave Courbet
Eugène DelacroixEugène Delacroix
Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya

Personal Contacts

Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire
Antonin ProustAntonin Proust
Henri Fantin-LatourHenri Fantin-Latour

Movements

NeoclassicismNeoclassicism
RomanticismRomanticism
RealismRealism
JaponismJaponism
Influences on Artist
Influences on Artist
Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet
Years Worked: 1850 - 1883
Influenced by Artist
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Claude MonetClaude Monet
Pierre-Auguste RenoirPierre-Auguste Renoir
Edgar DegasEdgar Degas
Berthe MorisotBerthe Morisot

Personal Contacts

Émile ZolaÉmile Zola
Stéphane MallarméStéphane Mallarmé
Theodore DuretTheodore Duret
Alfred StevensAlfred Stevens

Movements

ImpressionismImpressionism
Post-ImpressionismPost-Impressionism
SymbolismSymbolism

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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Ashley E. Remer

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Ashley E. Remer
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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First published on 01 Jul 2010. Updated and modified regularly. Information
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