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Artists Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Photo

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

French Draftsman and Painter

Movement: Impressionism

Born: February 25, 1841 - Limoges, France

Died: December 3, 1919 - Cagnes-sur-Mer, France

Pierre-Auguste Renoir Timeline

Quotes

"Go and see what others have produced, but never copy anything except nature. You would be trying to enter into a temperament that is not yours and nothing that you would do would have any character."
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
"An artist, under pain of oblivion, must have confidence in himself, and listen only to his real master: Nature."
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
"It took me twenty years to discover painting: twenty years looking at nature, and above all, going to the Louvre."
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
"Work lovingly done is the secret of all order and all happiness."
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
"Shall I tell you what I think are the two qualities of a work of art? First, it must be indescribable, and second, it must be inimitable."
Pierre-Auguste Renoir

"Why shouldn't art be pretty? There are enough unpleasant things in the world."

Pierre-Auguste Renoir Signature

Synopsis

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a French Impressionist painter whose eye for beauty made him one of the movement's most popular practitioners. He is best known for his paintings of bustling Parisian modernity and leisure in the last three decades of the 19th century. Though celebrated as a colorist with a keen eye for capturing the movement of light and shadow, Renoir started to explore Renaissance painting in the middle of his career, which led him to integrate more line and composition into his mature works and create some of his era's most timeless canvases.

Key Ideas

Working alongside Claude Monet, Renoir was essential to developing Impressionist style in the late 1860s, but there is a decidedly human element to his work that sets him apart. Renoir had a brilliant eye for both intimate domesticity and the day's fashions, and his images of content families and well-dressed Parisian pleasure seekers created a bridge from Impressionism's more experimental aims to a modern, middle-class art public.
Renoir was the first Impressionist to perceive the potential limitations of an art based primarily on optical sensation and light effects. Though his discoveries in this field would always remain integral to his art, he reasserted the necessity of composition and underlying structure in modern painting, achieving in his mature work a structured, monumental style that acknowledged the strengths of High Renaissance art.
Renoir's example became indispensable for the major French movements of high modernism: Fauvism and Cubism. Like Renoir, the progenitors of these styles focused on issues of color, composition, and depth rather than quick sketches of individual moments. His composed, vivid paintings created a vital bridge from earlier colorists like Raphael, Peter Paul Rubens, Jean-Antoine Watteau, and Eugène Delacroix to the 20th-century giants Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso.

Biography

Pierre-Auguste Renoir Photo

Childhood

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born into a working class family in Limoges, a city in the central west region of France. The area is historically significant as the center of French porcelain production, reaching that status during the 19th century. Fittingly, Renoir's first artistic job, during his teens, was as a painter in one of the town's porcelain factories. The son of a tailor and a seamstress, Renoir had a steady hand and a talent for decorative effect, which earned him praise from his employers and brought him to the attention of a growing customer base, including a number of wealthy patrons for whom he painted picture hangings and decorations for fans and other luxury objects. These early successes fed his desire to leave the factory and pursue fine arts painting.

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Pierre-Auguste Renoir Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Interactive chart with Pierre-Auguste Renoir's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

RaphaelRaphael
Jean-Antoine WatteauJean-Antoine Watteau
Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
Eugène DelacroixEugène Delacroix
Gustave CourbetGustave Courbet

Personal Contacts

Claude MonetClaude Monet
Alfred SisleyAlfred Sisley
Frédéric BazilleFrédéric Bazille

Movements

RenaissanceRenaissance
RealismRealism
RomanticismRomanticism
JaponismJaponism

Influences on Artist
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Years Worked: 1862-1919
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Mary CassattMary Cassatt
Paul CézannePaul Cézanne
Henri MatisseHenri Matisse
Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso

Personal Contacts

Claude MonetClaude Monet
Victor ChocquetVictor Chocquet
Gustave CaillebotteGustave Caillebotte
Paul Durand-RuelPaul Durand-Ruel

Movements

ImpressionismImpressionism
Post-ImpressionismPost-Impressionism
CubismCubism

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Content compiled and written by Justin Wolf

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Justin Wolf
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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