About us
Artists Georgia O'Keeffe
Georgia O'Keeffe Photo

Georgia O'Keeffe

American Painter

Movements and Styles: American Modernist Painting, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: November 15, 1887 - near Sun Prairie, Wisconsin

Died: March 6, 1986 - Santa Fe, New Mexico

Georgia O'Keeffe Timeline

"When you take a flower in your hand and really look at it, it's your world for the moment. I want to give that world to someone else."

Quotes
1 of 6

Summary

Georgia O'Keeffe played a pivotal role in the development of American modernism and its relationship to European avante garde movements of the early-20th century. Producing a substantial body of work over seven decades, she sought to capture the emotion and power of objects through abstracting the natural world. Alfred Stieglitz identified her as the first female American modernist, whose paintings of flowers, barren landscapes, and close-up still lifes have become a part of the mythology and iconography of the American artistic landscape.

Key Ideas

O'Keeffe incorporated the techniques of other artists and was especially influenced by Paul Strand's use of cropping in his photographs; she was one of the first artists to adapt the method to painting by rendering close-ups of uniquely American objects that were highly detailed yet abstract.
O'Keeffe did not follow any specific artistic movement, but like Arthur Dove she experimented with abstracting motifs from nature. She worked in series, synthesizing abstraction and realism to produce works that emphasized the primary forms of nature. While some of these works are highly detailed, in others, she stripped away what she considered the inessential to focus on shape and color.
Through intense observation of nature, experimentation with scale, and nuanced use of line and color, O'Keeffe's art remained grounded in representation even while pushing at its limits. From the 1940s through the 1960s in particular, O'Keeffe's art was outside the mainstream as she was one of the few artists to adhere to representation in a period when others were exploring non-representation or had abandoned painting altogether.
Georgia O'Keeffe Photo

Defining the early New York avant-grade with Stieglitz, and meditations in vast and desolate New Mexico are some of the sites of O'Keeffe’s explorations of modern art.

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Georgia O'Keeffe
Interactive chart with Georgia O'Keeffe's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Arthur Wesley DowArthur Wesley Dow
Alon BementAlon Bement
Auguste RodinAuguste Rodin
Wassily KandinskyWassily Kandinsky

Personal Contacts

Charles SheelerCharles Sheeler
Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz
Paul StrandPaul Strand
Arthur DoveArthur Dove

Movements

PrecisionismPrecisionism
Asian ArtAsian Art
Art NouveauArt Nouveau
Modernism and Modern ArtModernism and Modern Art

Influences on Artist
Georgia O'Keeffe
Georgia O'Keeffe
Years Worked: 1907 - 1984
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Judy ChicagoJudy Chicago
Andy WarholAndy Warhol

Personal Contacts

Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz
Paul StrandPaul Strand
Arthur DoveArthur Dove

Movements

American Modernist PaintingAmerican Modernist Painting
PrecisionismPrecisionism
Feminist ArtFeminist Art

If you see an error or typo, please:
tell us
Cite this page

Content compiled and written by The Art Story Contributors

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by The Art Story Contributors
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
Available from:
[Accessed ]