About us
Artists Caravaggio
Caravaggio Photo

Caravaggio

Italian Painter

Movements and Styles: High Renaissance, Mannerism

Born: September 29, 1571 - Caravaggio, Lombardy

Died: July 18, 1610 - Porto Ercole, Lombardy

Caravaggio Timeline

Synopsis

The intensity of Caravaggio's paintings was matched only by his tempestuous lifestyle. Despite being a hot-headed, violent man often in trouble with the law and implicated in more than one murder, he created striking, innovative paintings and pioneered the use of dramatic lighting and the representation of religious figures in modern clothes and attitudes. Working from life and without the aid of preparatory sketches, Caravaggio paired close observation of his models with the use of strong beams of light to focus attention on certain elements of his images, contrasting these well-lit areas with dark shadows elsewhere on the canvas. This use of chiaroscuro became a core part of Caravaggio's highly individualized style and was widely imitated by his contemporaries. Even though he only lived until the age of 39, Caravaggio had a profound influence on the painters around him and on later art movements notably Baroque art and 19th-century Realism.

Key Ideas

Caravaggio's populist portrayals of religious figures were groundbreaking, showing biblical characters in a non-idealized fashion through the addition of signs of age and poverty and the use of contemporary clothing. This served to humanize the divine, making them more accessible to the average viewer. In doing this Caravaggio's work represented a type of spiritual populism. The bare, dirty feet of Caravaggio's figures united the artist's works with church teachings which emphasized the poverty of Christ and were also consistent with calls for a simplicity in religious art following the Council of Trent (1545-1563). Despite this alignment with current dogma, these portrayals drew some of Caravaggio's harshest criticism.
Whilst the technique of chiaroscuro was not introduced by Caravaggio, he was the first painter to incorporate the technique as a dominant stylistic element, making the shadows darker and using clearly defined rays of light for emphasis and to highlight the narrative of the image. The style became increasingly prevalent in his later work and has subsequently become synonymous with his more mature images.
As far as records show Caravaggio never married and had no children, this alongside his many sensual portrayals of young men (in conjunction with a lack of erotic female characters in his work) has led to a debate surrounding his sexuality and there have been a number of contemporary homoerotic readings of his work.

Biography

Caravaggio Photo

Childhood

Reliable biographical information on Caravaggio is scarce and what does exist has been pieced together from court and municipal records and other surviving documents. As a child, Caravaggio was known as Michelangelo Merisi, a reference to his birth on the feast day of the Archangel Michael. The artist grew up between the quiet agricultural town of Caravaggio in Lombardy and the bustling city of Milan where his father, a master stone mason, worked. Though of lower social status, Caravaggio's family had elite ties. Caravaggio's aunt had served as a wet-nurse to the children of the Milanese Sforza nobility, and members of the Sforza family, notably the Marchese Francesco I Sforza di Caravaggio and his wife, Costanza Colonna, witnessed the wedding of Caravaggio's parents in 1571. Costanza Colonna would later become a supporter of the artist during his many flights from the law, although she never personally acquired a painting.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Caravaggio Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Caravaggio
Interactive chart with Caravaggio's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

TitianTitian
TintorettoTintoretto
Guido Mazzoni
DonatelloDonatello
Leonardo da VinciLeonardo da Vinci

Personal Contacts

Cardinal Francesco
Maria del Monte
Costanza Colonna

Movements

Classical ArtClassical Art
RenaissanceRenaissance
Northern RenaissanceNorthern Renaissance
MannerismMannerism

Influences on Artist
Caravaggio
Caravaggio
Years Worked: 1584 - 1610
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Rembrandt van RijnRembrandt van Rijn
Peter Paul RubensPeter Paul Rubens
Jose RiberaJose Ribera
Francisco de ZurbaranFrancisco de Zurbaran
Diego VelazquezDiego Velazquez

Personal Contacts

Cavalier Giambattista Marino

Movements

The BaroqueThe Baroque
RealismRealism

If you see an error or typo, please:
tell us
Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Elizabeth Berkowitz

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kate Stephenson

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Elizabeth Berkowitz
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kate Stephenson
Available from:
[Accessed ]