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Artists Hieronymus Bosch
Hieronymus Bosch Photo

Hieronymus Bosch

Dutch Painter and Draughtsman

Movements and Styles: Northern Renaissance, Gothic Art and Architecture

Born: c. 1450 - ’s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant (now Netherlands)

Died: August 9, 1516 - ’s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant (now Netherlands)

Hieronymus Bosch Timeline

Synopsis

It is quite a feat that a Dutchman who painted 500 years ago remains one of the most notable apocalyptic painters of the world and one of art’s first visionary geniuses. Hieronymus Bosch is most celebrated for his detail-drenched and symbolic narrative renditions of the dance between heaven and hell through biblical-themed landscapes upon which play a revolving cast of fantastical, and often macabre humans, animals, monsters, and make-believe creatures. His paintings demonstrate our age-old tales of morality and the eventual fate of all sinners who succumb to the pleasures and perversity of the ego. These timeless stories, masterfully portrayed upon canvas in Bosch’s impeccably steady hand, continue to challenge interpretation as well as position the artist as one of the canon’s first original thinkers.

Bosch’s work is often seen as an eerie portent to the ongoing existential struggles of man; he, himself is positioned as a sort of artistic Nostradamus who painted the issues of the modern world many generations prior to its realization. Today, we are seeing outrageous creatures coming from under the seas’ darkest recesses, global warming and mass pollution continue to threaten our waters, battles of religious ideology rising within the international social and political spectrums, and ultimately, the perpetual tango between saint and sinner is as relevant now as it was back then.

Key Ideas

Bosch was the first artist to visually express beings and realms unbeknownst to human comprehension. His creation of the bizarre and the non-real was revolutionary amidst the staid status quo of tradition where artists painted literal truths without veering from the norm. He has said, "Poor is the mind that always uses the inventions of others and invents nothing itself."
Bosch is noted for his profuse imagery of hell — as metaphor of our greatest fears and deepest desires; making him the preeminent image-maker of the absurdity and terror in our on-going human search for balance between the natural and spiritual worlds.
Bosch is also considered to be the first modern artist by the Surrealists because of his bold departure from depicting mere reality and his endeavour in bringing the interior life and its unconscious machinations out of the mind’s dark recesses and onto the canvas.
An unerringly, observant eye and extreme capacity for capturing detail mark all of Bosch’s work, compelling viewers to revisit a painting multiple times in order to absorb its densely populated contents. The construction and presentation of his work, often through the use of triptych and separated panelling, mirrors the epic dimensions of the stories from which his inspiration sprung.

Biography

Hieronymus Bosch Photo

Childhood

Jheronimus van Aken was born in his grandfather’s house in the 1450’s, in the flourishing Dutch town of s-Hertogenbosch, of the Duchy of Brabant, a state of the Roman Empire located in the low regions of the Netherlands. His date of birth is mere speculation, estimated from a self-portrait drawing he did around 60 years old, which was dated 1516. Although little is known of his childhood, it is known that his grandfather, Jan van Aken was also a painter, and had five children, four of whom were also painters, including Jheronimus’s father Anthonius van Aken. In the town’s records dated to 1474, the young artist is named and recorded along with a sister and two other brothers. It is also generally accepted that his childhood and youth during the reign of Philip the Good, was a cheerfully secure time for the well-established and prosperous family.

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Hieronymus Bosch Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Hieronymus Bosch
Interactive chart with Hieronymus Bosch's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
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Artists

Personal Contacts

Movements

Northern RenaissanceNorthern Renaissance
Classical ArtClassical Art

Influences on Artist
Hieronymus Bosch
Hieronymus Bosch
Years Worked: c.1470 -1516
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
Joan MiróJoan Miró
Salvador DalíSalvador Dalí
René MagritteRené Magritte
Max ErnstMax Ernst

Personal Contacts

Movements

Northern RenaissanceNorthern Renaissance
The BaroqueThe Baroque
MannerismMannerism
SurrealismSurrealism

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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Sarah Frances Dias

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kimberly Nichols

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Sarah Frances Dias
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kimberly Nichols
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