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Titian Photo

Titian

Italian Painter

Movements and Styles: High Renaissance, Mannerism

Born: Between 1488-1490 - Pieve di Cadore, Italy

Died: August 27, 1576 - Venice, Italy

Titian Timeline

Quotes

"He who improvises can never make a perfect line of poetry"
Titian
"The painter must always seek the essence of things, always represent the essential characteristics and emotions of the person he is painting"
Titian
"Painting done under pressure by artists without the necessary talent can only give rise to formlessness, as painting is a profession that requires peace of mind"
Titian
"Titian is like a page out of Shakespeare"
Paul Cézanne
"Titian, here is a man made to be appreciated by those who grow old [...]. The qualities of the painter are brought to him at the highest point: what he does is done: the eyes look and are animated by the fire of life. Life and reason are everywhere"
Eugène Delacroix
"It is spontaneous to think: at the foundation of this vision there must be something sacred, handed down from ancient times, so that they could be united in a single group, with so much art so much strength of meaning, so different and heterogeneous characters. We do not ask how or why, only we see the fact that we admire the excellence of art."
Wolfgang von Goethe

"A good painter needs only three colors: black, white and red"

Synopsis

Titian was one of the greatest Renaissance painters, combining High Renaissance and Mannerist ideas to develop a style which was well ahead of his time. He dominated Venetian art with a creativity that allowed the city to rival the previously acknowledged artistic centers of Florence and Rome and he painted some of the most important and eminent personalities of the time including Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Pope Paul III, Philip II of Spain, and Henry III of France. As well as portraiture, he also painted a range of religious and mythological subjects, sometimes on a vast scale. During a long and prolific career his work developed from traditional Renaissance imagery to increasingly energetic canvases which rejected balanced compositions and replaced them with asymmetry and dynamic subjects. Towards the end of his life, his work became darker and more impressionistic. He had a huge impact on his contemporaries and his canvases can be seen as forerunners of the emotional drama of Baroque art as well as influencing later innovators.

Key Ideas

Titian was most famous for his bold utilization of color, particularly in his earlier work, and he achieved this through seeking out rare pigments and using them in their richest and most saturated form, as well as by carefully balancing each color with those alongside it to create a harmonious overall impression. He also concentrated on the effect of light on color harnessing lighting effects, including chiaroscuro, to emphasize contrasting hues. Through this focus he created the distinction between Venetian and Florentine art, Renaissance artists in Florence and Rome believed that line was paramount, the Venetian Renaissance style was defined by color and led by Titian.
The artist's later work is characterized by loose brush strokes and an expressive application of paint and it is likely that, at times, he used his fingers as well as brushes to apply and blend paint. In painting in this manner, Titian created a fluidity that lent a greater sense of movement and emotion to his work and was unique amongst his peers.
Titian worked almost exclusively in oil, which was a new technique at the start of his career. The medium allowed him to build up a series of glazes to depict the appearance and texture of the human form with an accuracy, delicacy, and softness which was innovative. This realism was particularly relevant in his renderings of female nudes which were unusually sexually suggestive for the period and which seem to reflect Titian's own desires.

Biography

Titian Photo

Childhood

Tiziano Vecellio, known as Titian, was born in Pieve di Cadore, a small village in the Alps, the son of Gregorio Vecellio, a wealthy councillor and captain of the Venetian militia in the region. The exact date of his birth is uncertain, however, modern scholars usually set it between 1488 and 1490 on the basis of Ludovico Dolce's Dialogue of Painting, which states that, at the time of the lost frescoes at the Fondaco dei Tedeschi, Titian was not yet 20 years old. At around the age of ten, he moved to Venice with his elder brother Francesco to take an apprenticeship as a artist. He initially studied mosaic at Sebastiano Zuccato's workshop and was later apprenticed to Gentile Bellini. After Gentile's death, Titian went to work for his brother Giovanni Bellini, one of the most important painters in Venice at the time. Here he met Giorgione, a previous apprentice of Bellini's, who helped Titian develop his early style.

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Titian Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Titian
Interactive chart with Titian's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Giovanni Bellini
Giorgione
MichelangeloMichelangelo

Personal Contacts

Sansovino
Aretino
Giorgione

Movements

Classical ArtClassical Art
RenaissanceRenaissance
MannerismMannerism

Influences on Artist
Titian
Titian
Years Worked: 1506 - 1576
Influenced by Artist

Artists

El GrecoEl Greco
Rembrandt van RijnRembrandt van Rijn
Peter Paul RubensPeter Paul Rubens
Diego VelazquezDiego Velazquez
Édouard ManetÉdouard Manet

Personal Contacts

Sansovino
Aretino

Movements

MannerismMannerism
The BaroqueThe Baroque
ImpressionismImpressionism

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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Pamela Breda

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kate Stephenson

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Pamela Breda
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kate Stephenson
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