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Artists Antoni Gaudí
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Antoni Gaudí

Catalan Architect and Designer

Movements and Styles: Art Nouveau, Modern Architecture

Born: June 25, 1852 - Reus, Catalonia, Spain

Died: June 10, 1926 - Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Antoni Gaudí Timeline

Quotes

"Gothic art is imperfect, only half resolved; it is a style created by the compasses, a formulaic industrial repetition. Its stability depends on constant propping up by the buttresses: it is a defective body held up on crutches....The proof that Gothic works are of deficient plasticity is that they produce their greatest emotional effect when they are mutilated, covered in ivy and lit by the moon."
Antoni Gaudí
"Paraboloids, hyperboloids and helicoids, constantly varying the incidence of the light, are rich in matrices themselves, which make ornamentation and even modeling unnecessary."
Antoni Gaudí
"Light achieves maximum harmony at an inclination of 45°, since it resides on objects in a way that is neither horizontal nor vertical. This can be considered medium light, and it offers the most perfect vision of objects and their most exquisite nuances. It is the Mediterranean light."
Antoni Gaudí
"Color in certain places has the great value of making the outlines and structural planes seem more energetic."
Antoni Gaudí
"Those who look for the laws of Nature as a support for their new works collaborate with the creator."
Antoni Gaudí
"There are no straight lines or sharp corners in nature. Therefore, buildings must have no straight lines or sharp corners."
Antoni Gaudí
"My good friends are dead; I have no family and no clients, no fortune nor anything. Now I can dedicate myself entirely to the Church."
Antoni Gaudí

"We own the image. Fantasy comes from the ghosts. Fantasy is what people in the North own. We are concrete. The image comes from the Mediterranean. Orestes knows his way, where Hamlet is torn apart by his doubts."

Antoni Gaudí Signature

Synopsis

It is difficult for us today to believe that the most famous modern Spanish architect met his demise when, at age 73, he was run over by a tram and assumed to be an ordinary beggar for a full day before he was finally identified, too late to be nursed back to health. Yet Antoni Gaudí's pious Catholicism and devotion to a spartan regimen had come to define his character almost completely by the last decade of his life, which he devoted almost exclusively to the construction of his arguably most famous work, the Sagrada Família church in Barcelona. Over Gaudí's nearly fifty years of independent practice, he concocted and realized some of the most imaginative architectural forms in history, all of them in his native Catalonia, which have since become synonymous with the region's identity. The best-known - and most individualistic - representative of Catalan Modernisme (Art Nouveau), Gaudí has fascinated and inspired generations of architects, designers, and even engineers. Today his work attracts a global following with some of the most distinctive, idiosyncratic, and recognizable designs of all time.

Key Ideas

Gaudí's was highly innovative in terms of his explorations of structure, searching through a variety of regional styles before seizing on the parabolic, hyperbolic, and catenary masonry forms and inclined columns that he developed through weighted models in his workshop. These are often integrated with natural and highly symbolic religious imagery that encrust the structure with vibrant, colorful surfaces.
Gaudí's work is the most inventive, daring, and flamboyant of Catalan Modernisme (the Catalan strand of Art Nouveau) designers, but it is not uncharacteristic of the movement as a whole.
Gaudí's work is highly personal, in part due to his devout Catholicism, a faith that became increasingly fervent as his career progressed. In part because of this, his work contains many references to religious themes, and he increasingly led an ascetic existence towards the end of his life, even giving up all other commissions to focus on his designs for the church known as the Sagrada Família.
Gaudí often collaborated with several other Catalan designers, industrialists, artists, and craftsmen on his projects, most prominently Josep María Jujol, who was often responsible for the broken tilework (trencadís) that is common to much of Gaudí's buildings. This helps to explain why Gaudí's structures often feature such a wide variety of materials, used in inventive and clever ways.

Biography

Antoni Gaudí Photo

Childhood In Reus

Antoni Plàcid Guillem Gaudí i Cornet was born in Reus, Catalonia, south of Barcelona on the Mediterranean coast, in June 1852. His birthplace is the question of a small controversy, as precise documentation is nonexistent and sometimes it is claimed that he was born in the neighboring municipality of Riudoms, his paternal family's native village (though he was baptized the day after his birth in the church of Sant Pere Apòstol in Reus). He was the youngest of five children born to Francesc Gaudí i Serra, a coppersmith, and his wife, Antònia Cornet i Bertran. Gaudí's family had roots in the Auvergne region of southern France.

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Antoni Gaudí Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Antoni Gaudí
Interactive chart with Antoni Gaudí's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Victor HortaVictor Horta
Hector GuimardHector Guimard
Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc
Joan Martorell
Josep Fontserè

Personal Contacts

Eusebi Güell
Josep María Jujol
Leandre Serrallach
Francisco de Paula del Villar i Lozano
Emili Sala Cortés

Movements

Art NouveauArt Nouveau

Influences on Artist
Antoni Gaudí
Antoni Gaudí
Years Worked: 1875 - 1926
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Llorenç Matamala
Josep Francesc Ràfols
Joan Bergós
Cèsar Martinell
Joan Rubió

Personal Contacts

Pere Santaló
Joan Maragall
Jacint Verdaguer
Joan Llimona
Francesc Berenguer

Movements

Art NouveauArt Nouveau
Art DecoArt Deco
Modern ArchitectureModern Architecture

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Content compiled and written by Peter Clericuzio

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Peter Clericuzio
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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