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The Art Story Homepage Artists Nam June Paik
Nam June Paik Photo

Nam June Paik

Korean American Composer, Performer, Sculptor, Video and Digital Artist

Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Digital Art, Video Art, Body Art

Born: July 20, 1932 - Seoul, South Korea

Died: January 29, 2006 - Miami, Florida, United States

Nam June Paik Timeline

"Skin has become inadequate in interfacing with reality. Technology has become the body's new membrane of existence."

Nam June Paik Signature

Summary

Nam June Paik, known as "the father of video art," surfed the forefront of cutting edge technologies and utilized them to realize artworks, the likes the world had never yet seen. His various experiments positioned video as a viable art form, and a tool toward accomplishing widespread, global connectivity - an oeuvre eerily prophetic to our contemporary information age. His revolutionary practice laid the groundwork for today's artists working in new media art.

Key Ideas

Paik's early training in classical music combined with his interest in utilizing sound elements from real life, inspired by artist John Cage, positioned his career early as a member of the Fluxus movement. His passion for combining audio, visual, and electronic elements was formed there.
A keen desire to humanize technology underlies all of Paik's work. Whether this is seen through the combination of anthropomorphic objects with video imagery of human beings, the use of a live person in dialogue with technological components, or equipment as a performance, or the forced interaction of a viewer with a particular artwork - his work incites reflection on both our relationship with technology and its affects on, and benefits for, modern man.
Very early in his career, Paik began writing about his desire for a "video common market" that would allow for the free dissemination of not only artwork, but also education, collaboration, and dialogue on an international scale. His ideas have come full circle with the advent of today's Facebooks and Youtubes - the online platforms that draw users by the billions.
Paik coined the term "electronic superhighway" to denote what he saw as a future in which technology would allow for boundary-less connection between people on a global scale. His term might be considered the first mention of the concept that would eventually become manifest in the Internet, and is in fact, the term used universally today.
Photo of <i>Electronic Superhighway: Continental U.S., Alaska, Hawaii</i> (1995) by Nam June Paik
Photo of Electronic Superhighway: Continental U.S., Alaska, Hawaii (1995) by Nam June Paik

Nam June Paik led a life of intense creativity and his trailblazing innovations set the path and inspiration for many future artists.

Influences and Connections

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Nam June Paik
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Years Worked: 1953 - 2005
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Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Jiete Li

Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kimberly Nichols

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Jiete Li
Edited and revised, with Synopsis and Key Ideas added by Kimberly Nichols
Available from:
First published on 22 Dec 2017. Updated and modified regularly. Information
[Accessed ]