Edvard Munch (1863 –1944) was the Norwegian painter who is best remembered for creating The Scream (1893), a picture which has become an icon of modern anxiety and alienation. He was influenced first by Naturalism and Impressionism, but he soon matured as a Symbolist. He explored themes of death, sex, love, fear, and longing in a way that strongly influenced the German Expressionists.
Edvard Munch vs. Christian Krog: The Visceral Response
The Sick Child (1886)
Sick Girl (1880-1)
Edvard Munch's The Sick Child(left) depicts his dying sister in expressively open brushwork. In contrast, Christian Krog's Sick Girl(right) depicts his dying sister with meticulous brushwork and mimetic precision.
Edvard Munch and Vincent Van Gogh: Inner Anxiety Made Visible
The Scream (1893)
Vincent Van Gogh
Eternity’s Gate (1890)
Edvard Munch's The Scream(left) uses expressive waves of color and undulating lines to depict himself in a moment of anguish. Vincent Van Gogh's Eternity's Gate(right) exhibits similar abstraction in an empathetic depiction of an elderly man.
Edvard Munch's Karl Johan Street(left) conveys urban angst with ominous figures and underlying symbolist abstraction. In contrast, William Frith's The Railway Station(right) expresses the urban and industrial rise with cinematic vignettes of anticipation and delight painted with meticulous attention to realism.