Modern Movements and Styles - Full List Naturalism Art Movements

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Naturalism Art Movements

These are the important Naturalism art movements, styles, tendencies, groups, and schools that we currently cover. More are on the way!

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Naturalism: 8 of 96 Total Movements
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Started: 1830

Ended: 1870

Named after the village of Barbizon, France where the artists gathered, the group of outdoor, Naturalist painters included Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, Theodore Rousseau, and Jean-Francois Millet.

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Started: 1826

Ended: 1870

The Hudson River School was a nineteenth century American art movement that celebrated the wilderness and great outdoors. The Hudson River School artists were influenced by the Romantics, using dramatic scenes of nature to express the American ideals of their time: discovery and exploration.

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Started: 1872

Ended: 1892

Impressionism emerged in the mid-nineteent century in opposition to the finished style of academic painting. It often depicted scenes of daily life, and used painterly strokes and shifting color areas to capture the effects of light and atmosphere.

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Started: 1850

Ended: 1875

Luminism refers to a mid-nineteenth-century American school of painting, in which artists emphasized the effects of light and shadow in expansive landscapes. Luminism is related to French Impressionism given their respective emphases on light, but differs in that the American artists hid their brushstrokes and paid closer attention to glowing scenes of nature.

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Started: 1863

Ended: 1923

The Russian "Itinerants" or "Wanderers" were a group of painters specializing in archetypal Russian views such as pine forests, wheat fields, and water meadows.

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Started: 1848

Ended: 1890

The Pre-Raphaelites were a group of English painters whose goal was to reform art by rejecting the classical influences of Raphael, to return to a more mediaval approach to the arts. Romanticism was a great influence on this group and they were interested honest depictions of nature.

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Started: 1840s

Ended: 1880s

Realism is an approach to art that stresses the naturalistic representation of things, the look of objects and figures in ordinary life. It emerged as a distinct movement in the mid-nineteenth century, in opposition to the idealistic, sometimes mythical subjects that were then popular, but it can be traced back to sixteenth-century Dutch art and forward into twentieth-century styles such as Social Realism.

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Started: 1870

Ended: 1915

The Tonalists aspired to emulate musicality and inspire contemplation. By arranging color and forms, they believed that landscapes could evoke emotion and harmony.

Naturalism: 8 of 96 Total Movements