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Dutch Art Movements

These are the important Dutch movements, styles, tendencies, groups, and schools that we currently cover. More are on the way!

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Dutch: 11 of 103 Total Movements
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Started: 1900

Ended: 1945

Art Deco was an eclectic style that flourished in the 1920s and '30s and influenced art, architecture and design. It blended a love of modernity - expressed through geometric shapes and streamlined forms - with references to the classical past and to exotic locations.

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Started: 1948

Ended: 1951

CoBrA was an avant-garde art collective spanned the cities of Copenhagen, Brussels, and Amsterdam, focused on elements of spontaneity, experimentation, primitivism, and fantasy

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Started: 1917

Ended: 1931

De Stijl was an avant-garde group dedicated to isolating a single visual style that would be appropriate to all aspects of modern life, from art to design to architecture.

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Started: 1120

Ended: 1400

Gothic art flourished in Western Europe with monumental sculptures and stained-glass window decorated cathedrals - marked by the pointed Gothic arch.

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Started: 1970s

Installation art is a genre of contemporary art-making in which two- and three-dimensional materials are used to transform a particular site into an immersive space for the visitor. Installations may include sculptural, found, sound-based, and performance elements, and can be permanent or ephemeral.

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Started: 1520

Ended: 1620

Mannerism is an artistic style which developed in the late Renaissance which exaggerated empahisis on proportion, balance, and ideal beauty.

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Started: 1820s

Ended: 1880s

Naturalism is a movement within painting where the human subject is depicted in natural habitats and social milieus, with an emphasis on visual accuracy.

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Started: 1917

Ended: 1944

Neo-Plasticism was the guiding philosophy behind the art of Dutch painter Piet Mondrian and many of his peers in the De Stijl circle. Articulated by Mondrian in 1917-18, the approach stipulates the strict use of only horizontal and vertical lines and the primary colors red, yellow, and blue.

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Started: 1430

Ended: 1580

North of the European Alps an artistic, literary, and philosophical movement grew that was influenced by the spread of the Italian Renaissance's art and ideas.

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Started: 963

Ended: 1120

Romanesque Art refers to medieval art of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, before the rise of the Gothic. Commonly depicting Christian scenes and symbols, Romanesque Art and Architecture shows the marks of Roman, Byzantine, and Northern European influence.

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Started: 1924

Ended: 1966

Perhaps the most influential avant-garde movement of the century, Surrealism was founded in Paris in 1924 by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination. Much influenced by Freud, they believed that the conscious mind repressed the power of the imagination. Influenced also by Marx, they hoped that the psyche had the power to reveal the contradictions in the everyday world and spur on revolution.

Dutch: 11 of 103 Total Movements

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