Modern Artists Full List South American Modern Artists

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South American Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of the achievements of South American artists. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

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South American: 10 of 431 Total Artists
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Brazilian Painter, Sculptor, Installation and Participatory Artist

Movement: Neoconcretism

Born: October 23, 1920 - Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Died: April 25, 1988 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Lygia Clark developed participatory art, explored organic and corporeal sculptural forms, and innovated therapeutic art practice.

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Italian Painter, Sculptor, and Conceptual Artist

Movement: Modern Sculpture

Born: 1899 - Rosario de Santa Fe, Argentina

Died: 1968 - Comabbio, Varese, Italy

The Argentina-Italian Fontana was the founder of Spatialism movemnt and was closely tied to Arte Povera. In 1935 he joined the association Abstraction-Création in Paris, and from 1936 to 1949 made expressionist sculptures in ceramic and bronze.

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Mexican Painter

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Magic Realism, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: July 6, 1907 - Coyoacan, Mexico

Died: July 13, 1954 - Coyoacan, Mexico

Frida Kahlo is a twentieth-century Mexican artist whose work has a strong autobiographical component as it addresses issues of feminism and nationalism. Her work is often associated with Surrealism and she is best known for her many, often uncanny self-portraits.

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Chilean Painter

Movement: Surrealism

Born: November 11, 1911 - Santiago, Chile

Died: November 23, 2002 - Civitavecchia, Italy

Roberto Matta was a Chilean-born artist who lived and worked in New York in the 1940s. His interest in automatism and painterly effects helped forge a crucial link between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism.

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Cuban-American Performance Artist, Sculptor, Painter, Photographer and Video Artist

Movements and Styles: Feminist Art, Performance Art, Body Art, Land Art

Born: November 18, 1948 - Havana, Cuba

Died: September 8, 1985 - New York City

Ana Mendieta was a Cuban-American performance artist who created work in the late twentieth century focusing on violence against the female body, as well as pieces involving a close connection with nature and the landscape.

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Mexican-American Sculptor, Photographer, and Conceptual Artist

Movement: Conceptual Art

Born: April 27, 1962 - Jalapa, Mexico

The Mexican-American Gabriel Orozco forces viewers to imagine both unseen and overlooked features of the urban and natural environments while pushing the limits of traditional artistic media.

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Mexican Cartoonist, Printmaker, Painter, and Muralist

Movements and Styles: Mexican Muralism, Social Realism

Born: November 23, 1883 - Zapotlán (now Cuidad Guzmán), Mexico

Died: September 7, 1949 - Mexico City, Mexico

Jose Clemente Orozco was a Mexican Muralist, a social realist painter who is best known for his large-scale expansive works depicting human toil, Mexican politics, and the advent of the industrial age.

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Mexican Painter and Muralist

Movements and Styles: Mexican Muralism, Social Realism

Born: December 8, 1886 - Guanajuato, Mexico

Died: November 24, 1957 - Mexico City, Mexico

Diego Rivera was the principal actor in the Mexican Muralism movement and one of Mexico's greatest artists. His large-scale fresco cycles tell the histories of labor, industry, society, and other themes.

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Mexican Painter and Muralist

Movement: Social Realism

Born: December 29, 1896 - Chihuahua, Mexico

Died: January 6, 1974 - Mexico City, Mexico

Jose David Alfaro Siquieros was a Mexican social realist painter, an active member of the Mexican Communist Party, and one of three artists - along with Diego Rivera and Jose Clemente Orozco - who gave rise to the Mexican Mural Renaissance in the early twentieth century. Siqueiros's large-scale fresco murals are defined by their anti-Fascist politics and near expressionistic aesthetic.

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Mexican Painter and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Modern Sculpture, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: December 16, 1908 - Anglès, Girona Spain

Died: October 8, 1963 - Mexico City, Mexico

The Spanish-Mexican Surrealist Varo, a well-studied alchemist, seeker, and naturalist, created dreamlike imagery often dealing with individual balance in an interconnected universe.

South American: 10 of 431 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.