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Russian Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of the achievements of Russian artists. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

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Russian: 14 of 431 Total Artists
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Russian Painter

Movement: Romanticism

Born: July 29, 1817 - Theodosia, Ukraine

Died: May 2, 1900 - Theodosia, Ukraine

The legendary Ivan Aivazovsky's maritime subjects are powerful, iconic, and romantic depictions of the late Russian Empire naval prowesses.

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French-Russian Draftsman, Painter, and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Cubism

Born: July 7, 1887 - Vitebsk, Russian Empire (present day Belarus)

Died: March 28, 1985 - Saint-Paul, France

Marc Chagall was a Russian-born, Jewish-French artist that reached great popularity during the 20th century. Although his art is associated with several movements, Chagall is commonly grouped in with the German Expressionists. Much of his early work was credited with synthesizing visual elements of Cubism, Symbolism and Fauvism.

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Russian-American Sculptor, Designer, and Architect

Movements and Styles: Constructivism, Kinetic Art, Bauhaus, Op Art

Born: August 5, 1890 - Bryansk, Russia

Died: August 23, 1977 - Waterbury, Connecticut, USA

Naum Gabo was a Russian sculptor associated with the Constructivist movement, and was a pioneer in Kinetic sculpture. Gabo was a key avant-gardist in post-revolutionary Russia, and later played an influential rule in British abstraction, De Stijl and Bauhaus schools, and in the United States.

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Russian Painter, Writer, Set and Costume Designer, and Illustrator

Movements and Styles: Rayonism, Russian Futurism, Performance Art, Proto-Feminist Artists, Neo-Primitivism

Born: June 21, 1881 - Nagaevo, Tula Province, Russia

Died: October 17, 1962 - Paris, France

Goncharova was part of the Russian avant garde generation involved in a relentless exploration of different visual styles. She also co-founded Rayonism with her life partner Mikhail Larionov.

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Russian Painter

Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Bauhaus, Der Blaue Reiter

Born: December 4, 1866 - Moscow, Russia

Died: December 13, 1944 - Neuilly-sur-Seine, France

A member of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter, and later a teacher at the Bauhaus, Kandinsky is best known for his pioneering breakthrough into expressive abstraction in 1913. His work prefigures that of the American Abstract Expressionists.

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Polish-Russian, French, American Painter

Movements and Styles: Art Deco, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: May 16, 1898 - Warsaw, Poland (then Russia)

Died: March 18, 1980 - Cuernavaca, Mexico

Tamara de Lempicka specilized in a works that stylized Cubist ideas in modern, fashionable portraits in The Art Deco style. Despite their decorative quality, De Lempicka's paintings are now regarded as the quintessential images of the bygone age.

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Russian Painter, Typographer, and Designer

Movements and Styles: Suprematism, Constructivism

Born: November 23, 1890 - Pochinok, Russian Empire

Died: December 30, 1941 - Moscow, Soviet Union

El Lissitzky was a Russian avant-garde painter, photographer, architect and designer. Along with his mentor Kazimir Malevich, Lissitzky helped found Suprematism. His art often employed the use of clean lines and simple geometric forms, and expressed a fascination with Jewish culture. Lissitzky was also a major influence on the Bauhaus school of artists and the Constructivist movement.

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Russian Painter, Sculptor, and Stage Designer

Movement: Suprematism

Born: February 26, 1879 - near Kiev, Ukraine

Died: May 15, 1935 - Leningrad, Soviet Union

Kazimir Malevich was a Russian modernist painter who founded Suprematism. His mature works feature simple squares, rectangles, and other geometric shapes on blank grounds.

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Russian Artist, Painter and Designer

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Futurism

Born: April 24, 1889 - Ivanovskoe, Russia

Died: May 25, 1924 - Moscow, The Soviet Union

Lyubov Popova was an eminent Russian avant-garde artist, painter, and designer. Her work was important for several modern styles, including Cubism, Suprematism, and Constructivism.

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Russian Designer, Painter, Photographer, and Sculptor

Movement: Constructivism

Born: December 5, 1891 - St. Petersburg, Russia

Died: December 3, 1956 - Moscow, Russia

Alexander Rodchenko was one of the influential founders of the Constructivist movement, a leading member of the Productivist movement, and a revolutionary modern photographer.

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Russian Painter, Poet, and Designer

Movements and Styles: Cubo-Futurism, Neo-Primitivism, Suprematism

Born: June 22, 1886 - Melenki, Russia

Died: November 8, 1918 - Moscow, Russia

Olga Rozanova was a Russian avant-garde artist who painted in the styles of Suprematism, Neo-Primitivism, and Cubo-Futurism. Her paintings took an entirely original departure into pure abstraction, in which the compositions were organized by the visual weight and relationship of color.

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Russian-French Painter

Movement: Expressionism

Born: January 13, 1893 - Smilavichy, Russian Empire

Died: August 9, 1943 - Paris, France

Chaim Soutine was a Jewish Expressionist painter whose textured, impasto style was influential for later gestural painters. He is especially known for his portraits, landscapes, and studies of flayed meat.

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Russian Architect, Painter, and Sculptor

Movement: Constructivism

Born: December 28, 1885 - Moscow, Russia

Died: May 31, 1953 - Moscow, Russia

Vladimir Tatlin was a prominent Russian avant-garde artist and architect. He was one of the key figures of the Constructivist movement.

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Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist Painter

Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Der Blaue Reiter

Born: September 10, 1860 - Tula, Russia

Died: February 6, 1938 - Ascona, Switzerland

Werefkin worked with Wassily Kandinsky, Alexej von Jawlensky and Gabriele Münterand was a leading German Expressionist.

Russian: 14 of 431 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.