Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Naturalism

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Modern Artists in Naturalism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Naturalism movement. Read more about the movement on the Naturalism Overview page.

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Naturalism: 14 of 391 Total Artists
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French Painter and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Realism, Romanticism, Symbolism, Naturalism

Born: March 16, 1822 - Bordeaux, Gironde, France

Died: May 25, 1899 - Thomery (By), France

Considered to be one of the most famous female painters of the nineteenth century, Rosa Bonheur was a staunch realist, and her tableaus are lauded for their lifelike detail.

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British-American Painter

Movements and Styles: The Hudson River School, Romanticism, Naturalism

Born: February 1, 1801 - Bolton-le-Moors, United Kingdom

Died: February 11, 1848 - Catskill, New York

Celebrating nature in all of its bounty, Thomas Cole is the founder of The Hudson River School of painting landscapes. Sometimes allegorical in nature, his works cast the American wilderness in a romantic light while bathing them in a 'celestial' glow.

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British Painter

Movement: Romanticism

Born: June 11, 1776 - East Bergholt, Suffolk, England

Died: March 31, 1837 - London, England

John Constable was an English Romantic painter chiefly known for his landscape paintings of the area surrounding his English home. His work remained largely unnoticed in England, but he was very influencial on the Barbizon School and the Impressionists in France.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Neoclassicism, Romanticism, The Barbizon School, Realism, Naturalism

Born: July 17, 1796 - Paris, France

Died: February 22, 1875 - Paris, France

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot was a nineteenth-century French painter and printmaker best known for his landscape paintings executed outside in the open air. He was highly influential to many of the French Impressionists.

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French Painter

Movement: Realism

Born: June 10, 1819 - Ornans, Doubs, France

Died: December 31, 1877 - La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland

Gustave Courbet was a French painter and chief figure in the Realist movement of the mid-19th century. His paintings often contained an emotional bleakness, and were praised for their precision and use of light. Along with Delacroix, Courbet was a key influence on the Impressionists.

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British Painter

Movements and Styles: Rococo, Realism, Romanticism

Born: May 14, 1727 - Sudbury, England

Died: August 2, 1788 - London, England

Thomas Gainsborough was an English portrait and landscape painter, as well as a founding member of the Royal Academy. Gainsborough's works were celebrated all over England; he was considered to be the preeminent British painter of his time.

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French Painter

Movement: Baroque

Born: 1604-05 - Chamagne, Duchy of Lorraine, Vosges (now France)

Died: November 21 or 23, 1682 - Rome, Papal States

Claude Lorrain was a Baroque French painter who spent much of his life in Italy. Lorrain was widely celebrated for his landscapes and set the example for the genre for many artists.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Realism, The Barbizon School, Naturalism

Born: October 4, 1814 - Gruchy, in Gréville-Hague (Normandy)

Died: January 20, 1875 - Barbizon, France

Millet was the Realist co-founder of the Barbizon School near Paris. He is especially known for his depictions rural life and peasant labor that had a large influence on later modernists.

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French Painter

Movement: Impressionism

Born: November 14, 1840 - Paris, France

Died: December 5, 1926 - Giverny, France

Claude Monet was a French artist who helped pioneer the painterly effects and emphasis on light, atmosphere, and plein air technique that became hallmarks of Impressionism. He is especially known for his series of haystacks and cathedrals at different times of day, and for his late Waterlilies.

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Danish-French Painter and Printmaker

Movement: Impressionism

Born: July 10, 1830 - St. Thomas, Danish West Indies

Died: November 13, 1903 - Paris, France

Camille Pissarro became a pivotal artist and mentor whose paintings are delicate studies of the effect of light on color in nature and the rural countryside.

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American Painter, Printmaker, and Writer

Movement: Realism

Born: June 10, 1907 - Winnetka, Illinois

Died: September 18, 1975 - Southampton, New York

Fairfield Porter was a 20th-century American realist painter and noted art critic. Although friends with and staunch admirer of many abstractionists from The New York School, Porter was something of a black sheep, opting to paint figurative forms and landscapes, which are only now gaining significant recognition.

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French Draftsman and Painter

Movement: Impressionism

Born: February 25, 1841 - Limoges, France

Died: December 3, 1919 - Cagnes-sur-Mer, France

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the leading figures of French Impressionism during the late-nineteenth century. Renoir tended to favor outdoor scenes, gardens bathed in sunlight, and large gatherings of people. Known as a master of light, shadow and color, Renoir was also highly esteemed for his depiction of natural movement on the canvas. In terms of the French Impressionists' lasting popularity and fame, Renoir is perhaps second only to Monet.

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French Painter

Movement: Post-Impressionism

Born: May 21, 1844 - Laval, France

Died: September 2, 1910 - Paris, France

Henri Rousseau was a French self-taught painter. His most famous works, done in his characteristic flat figurative style, show surreal and dream-like scenes in primitive or natural settings.

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British Painter

Movement: Impressionism

Born: October 30, 1839 - Paris, France

Died: January 1899 - Moret-sur-Loing, France

Alfred Sisley was an English Impressionist landscape painter who spent much of his life working in France. As an enthusiast of plein air painting, Sisley was among the group of artists that included Monet, Renoir and Pissarro who dedicated themselves to capturing the transient effects of sunlight. He was a true Impressionist and committed landscape painter who never deviated from this style or subject into figurative work like many of his contemporaries.

Naturalism: 14 of 391 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.