Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Earth Art

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Modern Artists in Earth Art

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Earth Art movement. Read more about the movement on the Earth Art Overview page.

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Earth Art: 11 of 391 Total Artists
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Chinese Painter, Installation, and Performance Artist

Movements and Styles: Postmodernism, Installation Art, Conceptual Art, Land Art, Performance Art

Born: December 8, 1957 - Quanzhou, Fujian, China

Cai Guo-Qiang utilizes gunpowder and fireworks to offer a new form of performance and spectacle, in insight of the beauty in destruction.

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Bulgarian-American Sculptor, Photographer, and Conceptual Artist

Movements and Styles: Nouveau Réalisme, Environmental Art

Born: June 13, 1935 - Gabrovo, Bulgaria

Christo is a Bulgarian land and environmental artist, best known as one half of the married artist team Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Together, Christo and Jeanne-Claude created temporary land art installations, so grand in scale and ambition that controversy often followed. The best known examples of their work include Wrapped Coast (1969) in Little Bay, Australian, Wrapped Reichstag (1995) in Berlin, and The Gates (2004) in New York City.

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American Sculptor and Conceptual Artist

Movements and Styles: Earth Art, Post-Minimalism, Conceptual Art

Born: October 1, 1935 - Albany, CA

Died: July 25, 2013 - Los Angeles, CA

Walter de Maria is an American sculptor, composer, and multi-media artist whose best known work is The Lightning Field (1977), consisting of 400 lightning rods situated on a field in New Mexico.

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British Sculptor and Photographer

Movements and Styles: Earth Art, Environmental Art

Born: July 25th, 1956 - Sale Moor, Cheshire, England

Andy Goldsworthy creates site-specific, delicate, and intricate Earthworks. He often uses photography to capture his nature-based artworks at their apexes.

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American Land and Enviromental Artist

Movements and Styles: Land Art, Environmental Art

Born: November 4, 1944 - Berkeley, California

Michael Heizer is an American artist who specializes in Land art installations and environments. Heizer's most celebrated pieces rely on the alteration but ultimate preservation of the natural landscape, such as Double Negative (1969), in which Heizer cut a 1500-foot long trench into a mesa in the Nevada desert.

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American Sculptor, Conceptual Artist, Photographer, and Filmmaker

Movements and Styles: Earth Art, Conceptual Art, Installation Art, Public Sculpture

Born: April 5, 1938 - Worcester, Massachusetts

Died: February 8, 2014 - New York, New York

Nancy Holt is best known for working with Earth art, Installation art, and large-scale public sculpture. After her artist husband Robert Smithson died in 1973, Holt turned her focus on her own art and created the seminal Sun Tunnels.

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American Architect and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Minimalism, Earth Art

Born: October 5, 1959 - Athens, Ohio

Maya Lin is a Chinese-American sculptor, landscape artist and installation artist. Lin grew to fame for designing the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington, D.C., a commission she won at the age of 21.

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British Sculptor and Land Artist

Movements and Styles: Land Art, Conceptual Art, Post-Minimalism

Born: June 2, 1945 - Bristol, England

Much of Richard Long's work is considered a response to the natural environments he enters, incorporating mixed-media and various non-art elements such as landscape, rock, maps, and text.

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Cuban-American Performance Artist, Sculptor, Painter, Photographer and Video Artist

Movements and Styles: Feminist Art, Performance Art, Body Art, Land Art

Born: November 18, 1948 - Havana, Cuba

Died: September 8, 1985 - New York City

Ana Mendieta was a Cuban-American performance artist who created work in the late twentieth century focusing on violence against the female body, as well as pieces involving a close connection with nature and the landscape.

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American Sculptor and Writer

Movements and Styles: Land Art, Post-Minimalism

Born: January 2, 1938 - Passaic, New Jersey

Died: July 20, 1973 - Amarillo, Texas

Robert Smithson was an American artist best known for his innovations in Land and Earth Art. Smithson's large-scale projects employed earth and other natural resources to construct works that both manipulated and preserved the natural landscape. His most famous work is Spiral Jetty in Utah, constructed entirely from basalt, earth and salt.

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American Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Light and Space, Earth Art

Born: May 6, 1943 - Los Angeles

James Turrell is an American artist whose works are primarily concerned with light and space. He is best known for 'Roden Crater', a project he began in 1979. For the work, Turrell is transforming this natural cinder volcanic crater into a massive naked-eye observatory.

Earth Art: 11 of 391 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.