Modern Artists Full List Early American Modernists

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Early American Modernists

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of artists central to development of Modern Art in the United States. More artist overviews coming soon!

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Early American Modernism: 18 of 446 Total Artists
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American Painter

Movement: Early American Modernism

Born: March 7, 1885 - Sand Bar, New York

Died: January 3, 1965 - New York, New York

Milton Avery painted colorful, quasi-Fauvist landscapes, causing many to dub him the 'American Matisse.' He was also close friends with younger abstractionists Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Ashcan School, Early American Modernism, Cubism

Born: December 7, 1892 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: June 24, 1964 - New York, New York

Stuart Davis Cubist-inspired, but American themes, and his visual manifestation of jazz music were important in the development of movements from Abstract Expressionism to Pop art. He was one of the youngest artists represented at the 1913 Armory Show and taught many young artists in New York City.

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Mexican-American Caricaturist, Publisher, and Gallery Owner

Movements and Styles: Early American Modernism, Dada

Born: March 13, 1880 - Veracruz, Mexico

Died: January 10, 1961 - Stamford, CT, USA

Celebrated for his caricatures and cartoons, the Mexican-American Marius de Zayas is best remembered today for his prescient introduction of modern art to America. De Zayas had a long association with Alfred Stieglitz and his circle, and he also was a supporter of modernism throughout his life.

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American Watercolorist and Oil Painter

Movements and Styles: Early American Modernism, Precisionism, Impressionism

Born: November 8, 1883 - Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Died: October 23, 1935 - Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Demuth was an important member of the early twentieth century Precisionist movement that emphasized sharp lines and clear geometric shapes. Challenging the boundaries of race, class, sexuality, and artistic tradition he was an instrumental part of advancing American modernism.

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American Painter

Movement: American Modernist Painting

Born: August 2, 1880 - Canandaigua, New York

Died: November 23, 1946 - Long Island, New York

Arthur Dove was an early American modernist painter and one of the first legitimate abstract painters of the 20th century. With influences ranging from Fauvism and Expressionism to Asian art and mixed media, Dove was an essential precursor to Abstract Expressionism.

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American Artist, Collector, and Writer

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Abstract Art

Born: September 10, 1877 - Brooklyn, New York

Died: March 29, 1952 - Milford, Connecticut

Katherine Dreier was an American artist and patron of the arts. Dreier was a proponent and creator of modern art, influenced by her friend Marcel Duchamp. She cofounded the Societe Anonyme, along with Duchamp, and Man Ray, through which she promoted and financially supported many modern artists and established the first permanent collection of modern art in America.

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American Painter, Photographer, and Teacher

Movements and Styles: Realism, Early American Modernism

Born: July 25,1844 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: June 25, 1916 - Philadelphia Pennsylvania

Thomas Eakins was renowned as an influential Realist painter, his many portraits famously depicted the streets, parlors, natural scenery and citizens of his native Philadelphia. Eakins was known as a master of light, shadow and movement, and for capturing simple scenes that evoked complex themes.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Ashcan School, Realism, American Impressionism, Early American Modernism

Born: March 13, 1870 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: May 22, 1938 - Westport, Connecticut

Glackens invigorated American painting, developed Impressionism, joined the Ashcan School, and focused on scenes of leisure rather than the slums that his peers preferred.

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American Painter and Writer

Movements and Styles: Dada, Post-Impressionism, Early American Modernism, Realism

Born: January 4, 1877 - Lewiston, Maine

Died: September 2, 1943 - Ellsworth, Maine

Marsden Hartley traveled and learned much from European modernists, and became a member of Alfred Stieglitz's group, and was an important influence in early-twentieth-century New York.

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American painter

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Early American Modernism

Born: April 21, 1868 - New York

Died: August 4, 1932 - New York

Alfred Henry Maurer was an important American modernist in the early twentieth century. Originally a Realist, Maurer shifted to European Cubist and Fauvist painting, and his work was included in the 1913 Armory Show in New York. Maurer was also one of the leading avant-garde American artists in the days before World War I.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: American Modernist Painting, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: November 15, 1887 - near Sun Prairie, Wisconsin

Died: March 6, 1986 - Santa Fe, New Mexico

Georgia O'Keeffe was an American painter best known for her depictions of flowers, animal skulls, landscapes, and still lifes. Married to photographer Alfred Stieglitz, she was an important member of the "Stieglitz circle" and early American modernism.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Impressionism, Pointillism, Post-Impressionism, Realism

Born: October 10, 1858 - St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

Died: February 1, 1924 - New York City, New York

Maurice Prendergast was an American artist, who spent much time with the French Post-Impressionists, and became an important source of modern art ideas in New York City.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Romanticism, Tonalism, Symbolism

Born: March 20, 1847 - New Bedford, Massachusetts, USA

Died: March 28, 1917 - New York City, New York, USA

The legendary and enigmatic American Romanticist, Ryder's forms evoked moods that drew him towards abstract fields of dense, muted color.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Futurism, Precisionism, Early American Modernism

Born: June 13, 1877 - Muro Lucano, Italy

Died: November 5, 1946 - Queens, NY

Stella's images of industrial America - especially of New York City landmarks such as the Brooklyn Bridge are depicted with the power and honesty that were revolutionary. He was one of the founders and leaders in the Precisionism movement.

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American Photographer and Publisher

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography

Born: January 1, 1864 - Hoboken, New Jersey

Died: July 13, 1946 - New York, New York

Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer who published the pioneering journal Camera Work. His gallery 291 was a locus for modern artists in America.

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American Photographer and Filmmaker

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography

Born: October 16, 1890 - New York City

Died: March 31, 1976 - Orgeval, Yvelines, France

The iconic photographer Strand redifined the medium through his portraits, city scenes, and abstract compositions that helped define modernist photography in the twentieth century.

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Russian-American Painter, Printmaker, and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Early American Modernism

Born: April 18, 1881 - Bialystok, Russia (present-day Poland)

Died: October 4, 1961 - Great Neck, New York

Max Weber was taught in the tradition of the French modernists, such as Matisse, Rousseau and Picassoand became a fairly well-known Cubist painter in before The Armory Show, helping introduce the painterly style to the United States.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Early American Modernism

Born: March 24, 1886 - Highland Park, Illinois

Died: January 1, 1958 - Carmel, California

Edward Weston helped revolutionize photography so that it became a legitimate modern artistic medium and influenced an entire generation of American photographers.

Early American Modernism: 18 of 446 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.