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The Art of This Century Gallery

Original Location: 30 West 57th Street, New York

Founder: Peggy Guggenheim

Years Open: 1942-1947


The Art of This Century Gallery Timeline

Table of contents

Synopsis
Key Ideas

Quotes

"Art of this Century was of the utmost importance as the first place where The New York School could be seen.. Her Gallery was the foundation, it's where it all started to happen." 
Lee Krasner 
"Newman, Gottlieb, Rothko and Still each thought (and thinks) himself the greatest painter in the world. That one might owe a debt to another becomes not a matter of simple ordinary fact, but a major issue of debate - like a trial for high treason. They made a tactical alliance, not a team, nor a group style, nor even a tendency." 
Thomas B. Hess, discussing prominent members of the Uptown Group 
"I realized that I should have had only 30 women in the show." 
Peggy Guggenheim, after her husband Max Ernst left her for Dorothea Tanning, one of the thirty-one artists represented at Art of This Century's Exhibition by 31 Women 
“Kiesler had really created a wonderful gallery – very theatrical and extremely original. Nothing like it had ever existed before. If the pictures suffered from the fact that their setting was too spectacular and took away people’s attention from them, it was at least a marvelous décor and created a terrific stir.”
Peggy Guggenheim

Synopsis

The Art of This Century Gallery, although short-lived, played a key role in launching the careers of many Abstract Expressionists. Opened by Peggy Guggenheim, who was first and foremost a collector of Surrealism and Dadaism, the gallery showcased the works of European artists, including Kandinsky, Arp, Miró, Braque, and many others. Not long after its opening, however, Art of This Century became a champion of many American artists, most of whom were experimenting with abstraction and had been working and struggling for years in New York and elsewhere. Art of This Century gave many of the soon-to-be celebrated Abstract Expressionists their first solo exhibitions, most notably Jackson Pollock.

Key Ideas

While largely showcasing Guggenheim’s own collection, she and her advisors saw the gallery as a laboratory for exhibiting the most avant-garde European and American art of the time. A painting “library” and innovative installations created a way for viewers to physically interact with the art instead of distantly observing it.
Art of this Century Gallery was one of the few places where one could see European and American artists displayed on the same walls, thus boosting the importance of American art in many critics’ and collectors’ eyes.
Guggenheim’s willingness to show young American artists working in a mostly abstract vein instilled a confidence within the burgeoning Abstract Expressionists, who were beginning to understand that they could create a dynamic and innovative art here in the United States without relying on Europe.

Beginning

In 1898, Marguerite Guggenheim was born into wealth and prosperity. Her father, Benjamin Guggenheim, was director of the Guggenheim family's industrial mining and smelting interests, and her uncle Solomon R. Guggenheim was the founder of the Museum of Non-Objective Art, which came to be known as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.

Home schooled and sheltered from the outside world for most of her childhood, Peggy cultivated an independent and bohemian life that transgressed the upper-class norms of her family. In 1919, Guggenheim inherited a large sum of money from her family trust and moved to Paris, where she began subsidizing the work of several artists and writers. 

By 1938, Peggy was living in London and opened the Guggenheim Jeune Gallery, a modern art gallery that became famous for an exhibit of the artist Jean Cocteau curated by Marcel Duchamp. Receiving much curatorial guidance from Duchamp, the Guggenheim Jeune Gallery also exhibited works by Kandinsky, Calder, Arp, Ernst, Picasso, and Miró

Guggenheim had plans to start a museum of her own in London, but after the outbreak of World War II, she decided the venture would be too difficult. Nonetheless, she continued traveling to Paris to collect works of art from the likes of Giacometti, Magritte, and Braque. In 1940, only days before the German invasion of Paris, Guggenheim left for New York City along with hundreds of her artworks and her soon-to-be husband Max Ernst

Art of This Century Opens

Using the many works of art she had acquired in Paris, Guggenheim opened her Art of This Century Gallery in October 1942 in the heart of the uptown gallery world on West 57th Street. Three of the rooms held Guggenheim’s personal collection and were divided into the “Kinetic Gallery,” the “Surrealist Gallery,” and the “Abstract Gallery.” The “Daylight Gallery” was home to rotating, temporary exhibitions. The gallery's initial displays showcased the work of European Surrealists and Cubists. According to the press release on the gallery’s opening, it was to be a “research laboratory for new ideas” and to “serve the future instead of recording the past.”

The concave walls of the Surrealist gallery allow the paintings to protrude into the viewer’s space.

Guggenheim entrusted Austrian architect Frederick Kiesler with designing the interior of the gallery. He created concave walls and protruding, razor-thin wooden frames in the middle of the gallery space, which gave the hanging canvases a free-floating effect. Guggenheim and Kiesler believed that each painting should literally stand on its own and not be bound to the wall. A review of the opening in Time magazine described the inventive interior: “Beyond the painting library, gallery-goers enter a kind of artistic Coney Island. Here are shadow boxes, peepholes, in one of which, by raising a handle, is revealed a brilliantly lighted canvas by Swiss painter Paul Klee. Another peep show, manipulated by turning a huge ship's wheel, shows a rotating exhibit of reproductions of all the works, including a miniature toilet for MEN, by screwball Surrealist Marcel Duchamp. Beyond these gadgets mankind swarms into what seems to be a decorated subway. There spectators gaze at large canvases by England's Leonora Carrington, Spain's Joan Miró, Chile's Roberto Matta, all their works unframed, suspended in the air from wooden arms protruding from concave plywood walls. Every two minutes, while onlookers enjoy the spectacle, a roar as of an approaching train is heard, lights go out on one side of the gallery, pop on at the other.”

Kiesler felt that with the chaos of the modern world, we “must be architects of a new unity.” This physically interactive display of art works has seldom been replicated, but it was an enormous revelation to the young artists struggling to find their voices in New York City.

The Uptown Group

With the advice from her advisor Howard Putzel, whom she befriended while in Paris in the company of Duchamp, the gallery soon began representing young American artists like Jackson Pollock, Clyfford Still, and Robert Motherwell.  For a number of reasons, many American artists did not participate in World War II and struggled to make their ways as artists after the shuttering of the WPA’s Federal Fine Arts Program. In the early 1940s, a small and largely disorganized group of artists found themselves without suitable venues to show their work, until the opening of Peggy Guggenheim's gallery. Sometimes called The Uptown Group by downtown artists who did not have gallery representation, its unofficial membership included Pollock, Lee Krasner, Adolph Gottlieb, Motherwell, Mark Rothko, Clyfford Still, and Ad Reinhardt

Perhaps most consequentially, on the advice of Marcel Duchamp and Piet Mondrian, her trusted advisors, Guggenheim became Pollock’s patron. Paying him a monthly stipend, Guggenheim had first choice of the paintings he made. This arrangement allowed Pollock and Krasner to leave the city and buy a house in Springs, the working-class enclave in East Hampton on the south fork of Long Island, in 1945. Guggenheim also commissioned Pollock to paint a mural for the entryway to her apartment and gave him his first one-person show in 1943, which many critics, including Clement Greenberg, received favorably.

Important Exhibitions

During its short existence, The Art of This Century Gallery hosted a number of important exhibitions. In January 1943, artists such as Alice Trumbull Mason, Gypsy Rose Lee, Frida Kahlo, Dorothea Tanning, Hedda Sterne, and many others were included in Exhibition by 31 Women. This show was the first of its kind, devoting the gallery space exclusively to Modern women artists, most of whom were operating in New York. When Guggenheim dispatched Max Ernst, her husband at the time, to select paintings for the exhibition, one of Ernst's favorites was a self-portrait by Dorothea Tanning, which he named Birthday. Ernst and Tanning had a love affair, which led to Ernst resigning from his advisory role at Art of This Century and his eventual divorce from Guggenheim in 1946. The show did not garner much press, and one critic reportedly refused to cover it because he didn’t think there were any women artists worthy of attention.

Pollock’s She-Wolf (1943) was his first painting to enter MoMA’s collection after his first one-person exhibition at The Art of This Century Gallery.

Pollock’s first solo show ran in November of 1943, and he was the first of his generation of Abstract Expressionist artists to exhibit regularly and earn a living solely from his art. Museum of Modern Art curator James Thrall Soby visited the exhibition and was instantly amazed by Pollock's work. Consequently, the painting She-Wolf was purchased by the Acquisitions Committee at the Museum of Modern Art and placed in its permanent collection. Guggenheim was so enamored with Pollock's paintings that when she transferred representation of her artists over to Betty Parsons in 1947, she wrote Parsons a letter to personally thank her for taking on Pollock and giving him his own show at the new gallery. Guggenheim did this service for no other artist. 

Additionally, early shows for William Baziotes, Robert De Niro, Sr., Mark Rothko, Clyfford Still, and Richard Pousette-Dart helped to establish the nascent Abstract Expressionist group.

Guggenheim Returns to Europe

In 1947, wanting a fresh start, Guggenheim closed down The Art of This Century and moved back to Europe, settling in Venice. Before leaving New York for good, Guggenheim found new representation for her many American artists at the Betty Parsons Gallery, which had opened one year prior on East 57th Street, not far from Art of This Century.  In 1948, Guggenheim’s collection was given a privileged place in the Venice Biennale, and her collection, housed in a Venetian palazzo, eventually opened to the public in the early 1950s and remains one of the most popular destinations in Venice.

Legacy

Throughout her life, Peggy Guggenheim gave away much of her private collection. The works she acquired in the 1930s and 40s in particular, with the counsel of Duchamp and Ernst, were among the finest modern artworks of the 20th century. Her Art of This Century Gallery, despite being open for only five years, was renowned for being the primary gallery that gave many Abstract Expressionists their very first opportunity to show their art to the public.

Kiesler’s interior design did not seem to have immediate effects on other galleries, and in fact the curving walls were sold to a clothing store. Curving gallery walls wouldn’t be seen again until the late 1950s when the new building created by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum opened its doors.

Important Works of Art

The Blind Swimmer (1934)
Artwork Images

The Blind Swimmer (1934)

Artist: Max Ernst

Artwork description & Analysis: In addition to being Peggy Guggenheim's husband and acquisitions adviser, Ernst also showed several of his works during the first few years Art of This Century was open. His Blind Swimmer was among these exhibited. The mysterious image in the center of the canvas recalls a plant or human biological part, perhaps in cross section. Its placement at the center of concentric circles and radiating lines adds to the sense of looking at a biological specimen. Similar to some of his early Dada-ist collages, Ernst’s painting moves into the Surrealist realm with its unknown, perplexing imagery.

While Surrealism had been seen in New York before Guggenheim’s gallery opened, many of the earliest shows at Art of this Century focused on Surrealism and became a sort of meeting place for those exiled Surrealists, thus introducing the younger American artists to their European idols. While originally in the collection of Art of This Century, one of Henri Matisse’s heirs purchased the painting from Guggenheim and eventually donated it to the Museum of Modern Art.

Oil and graphite on canvas - Museum of Modern Art, New York

Mural (1943)
Artwork Images

Mural (1943)

Artist: Jackson Pollock

Artwork description & Analysis: Peggy Guggenheim commissioned this mural for her new apartment on 61st street. Piet Mondrian encouraged Guggenheim’s patronage of Pollock when he told her at the 1943 Spring Salon at Art of This Century upon seeing his work, “I have the feeling I’m looking at some of the most exciting art that I’ve seen so far in America.” Subsequently she signed a contract with Pollock and paid him a monthly stipend that allowed him to quit his job as a carpenter at the Museum of Non-Objective Painting, as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum was then known.

She originally planned for the mural to be painted on the wall of her entrance hall, but Duchamp recommended canvas, since it could be moved. The work was supposed to be finished for her exhibition of his work in November 1943, but the artist felt, as he said, “completely blocked.” As months went by, Guggenheim said that he needed to finish it by her birthday in February or she would cut off his stipend. While rumors suggest that Pollock completed the work in one night, just in time to deliver it for her birthday, conservation examination has shown that he had already been working on the painting. The work appeared to great acclaim. Critic Clement Greenberg saw it as the arrival of “a great artist,” and the story of its making became part of the legend that surrounded Pollock. Before leaving for Venice, Guggenheim donated the work to the University of Iowa Museum, marking just one of the many times she donated a number of Pollock’s celebrated works to various institutions.

Oil on canvas - University of Iowa Art Museum

Red and Black (1945)
Artwork Images

Red and Black (1945)

Artist: Nell Blaine

Artwork description & Analysis: In 1945, Art of This Century showed The Women, a follow-up to Exhibition by 31 Women in 1943. Many of the original artists participated, but the new exhibition also included works by sculptor Louise Bourgeois and painters Lee Krasner and Charmion von Wiegand. Nell Blaine, a student of Hans Hoffman and one of the younger members of the Abstract Expressionists, was included, exhibiting Red and Black along with several other paintings. While known for her more realistic paintings of landscapes and still lifes, Blaine’s early work explored abstraction. Here, the hard edges of the red, blue, and black forms read as indecipherable shapes on a sign board. Resolutely grounded in the late work of Henri Matisse as well as Fernand Leger, Piet Mondrian, and Jean Arp, Blaine’s work would have been at home on the wall of Art of this Century Gallery, with its twin emphasis on Surrealism and pure abstraction. Also, in 1945, Blaine had her first solo show at the Jane Street Gallery, one of the first cooperative galleries in Greenwich Village, and other artists such as Leland Bell, Judith Rothschild, and Larry Rivers regularly exhibited there.

The responses to the show reveal the gendered biases of art critics at the time. The chief art critic for the New York Times wrote, "There is nothing save the catalogue to indicate that these artists are women. The work might just as well have been produced by 'The Men.'" And a reviewer in Art News remarked, “The women who Peggy Guggenheim has picked for her string have definitely something on the ball. The most surprising trait here is an almost masculine vigor of ideas ... the works as a whole balance satisfactorily in the Art of This Century Galleries promoting new conception of the weaker sex. Other all-female organizations should have a look-in at a show which is so refreshingly un-ladylike.” While seemingly meant to be compliments, such remarks remind us of the entrenched biases that women — artists and gallerists — have faced through the decades of the 20th century.

Oil on canvas - Tibor de Nagy Gallery

Abstract Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism
A tendency among New York painters of the late 1940s and '50s, all of whom were committed to an expressive art of profound emotion and universal themes. The movement embraced the gestural abstraction of Willem de Kooning and Jackson Pollock, and the color field painting of Mark Rothko and others. It blended elements of Surrealism and abstract art in an effort to create a new style fitted to the postwar mood of anxiety and trauma.
TheArtStory: Abstract Expressionism
Peggy Guggenheim
Peggy Guggenheim
Peggy Guggenheim
Peggy Guggenheim, the neice of Solomon R. Guggenheim, was a collector, patron, and eclectic personality deeply connected to modern art. She gave important exhibitions to many Surrealist and Abstract Expressionist artists at her Art of This Century gallery in New York in the 1940s.
TheArtStory: Peggy Guggenheim
Wassily Kandinsky
Wassily Kandinsky
Wassily Kandinsky
A member of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter, and later a teacher at the Bauhaus, Kandinsky is best known for his pioneering breakthrough into expressive abstraction in 1913. His work prefigures that of the American Abstract Expressionists.
TheArtStory: Wassily Kandinsky
Hans Arp
Hans Arp
Hans Arp
Hans Arp (also known as Jean Arp) was a German-French artist who incorporated chance, randomness, and organic forms into his sculptures, paintings, and collages. He was involved with Zurich Dada, Surrealism, and the Abstraction-Creation movement.
TheArtStory: Hans Arp
Joan Miró
Joan Miró
Joan Miró
Active in Paris from the 1920s onward, and influenced by Surrealism, Miró developed a style of biomorphic abstraction which blended abstract figurative motifs, large fields of color, and primitivist symbols. This style would be an important inspiration for many Abstract Expressionists.
TheArtStory: Joan Miró
Georges Braque
Georges Braque
Georges Braque
Georges Braque was a modern French painter who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed analytic Cubism and Cubist collage in the early twentieth century.
TheArtStory: Georges Braque
Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock
Jackson Pollock was the most well-known Abstract Expressionist and the key example of Action Painting. His work ranges from Jungian scenes of primitive rites to the purely abstract "drip paintings" of his later career.
TheArtStory: Jackson Pollock
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, playwright, artist, and filmmaker. Along with other avant-garde artists of his generation Cocteau grappled to define the paradox of classical avant-garde. His circle of associates, friends and lovers included Pablo Picasso, Jean Hugo, and Coco Chanel.
Jean Cocteau
Marcel Duchamp
Marcel Duchamp
Marcel Duchamp
The French artist Marcel Duchamp was an instrumental figure in the avant-garde art worlds of Paris and New York. Moving through Dada, Surrealism, readymades, sculpture, and installation, his work involves conceptual play and an implicit attack on bourgeois art sensibilities.
TheArtStory: Marcel Duchamp
Alexander Calder
Alexander Calder
Alexander Calder
Alexander Calder was an American artist who made important contributions to abstract sculpture, hanging mobiles, and Kinetic art. His work reflects both modern and Surrealist influences.
TheArtStory: Alexander Calder
Max Ernst
Max Ernst
Max Ernst
Max Ernst was a German Dadaist and Surrealist whose paintings and collages combine dream-like realism, automatic techniques, and eerie subject matter.
TheArtStory: Max Ernst
Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Picasso dominated European painting in the first half of the last century, and remains perhaps the century's most important, prolifically inventive, and versatile artist. Alongside Georges Braque, he pioneered Cubism. He also made significant contributions to Surrealist painting and media such as collage, welded sculpture, and ceramics.
TheArtStory: Pablo Picasso
Alberto Giacometti
Alberto Giacometti
Alberto Giacometti
The Swiss artist Alberto Giacometti created semi-abstract sculptures that took up themes of violence, sex, and Surrealism. His famous later work is characterized by towering, elongated figures in bronze.
TheArtStory: Alberto Giacometti
Rene Magritte
Rene Magritte
Rene Magritte
Rene Magritte has achieved great popular acclaim for his idiosyncratic approach to Surrealism. His beautiful and troubling images of bowler-hatted men and nature scenes are popular in art and general circles.
TheArtStory: Rene Magritte
Surrealism
Surrealism
Surrealism
Perhaps the most influential avant-garde movement of the century, Surrealism was founded in Paris in 1924 by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination. Much influenced by Freud, they believed that the conscious mind repressed the power of the imagination. Influenced also by Marx, they hoped that the psyche had the power to reveal the contradictions in the everyday world and spur on revolution.
TheArtStory: Surrealism
Cubism
Cubism
Cubism
Cubism was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque between 1907-1911, and it continued to be highly influential long after its decline. This classic phase has two stages: 'Analytic', in which forms seem to be 'analyzed' and fragmented; and 'Synthetic', in which pre-existing materials such as newspaper and wood veneer are collaged to the surface of the canvas.
TheArtStory: Cubism
Paul Klee
Paul Klee
Paul Klee
The Swiss-born painter Paul Klee worked in a variety of styles, including Expressionism, geometric abstraction, and collage. His most famous works have a mystical quality and make use of linear and pictorial symbols.
TheArtStory: Paul Klee
Clyfford Still
Clyfford Still
Clyfford Still
Clyfford Still was a leading first-generation Abstract Expressionist. His mature works are large-scale paintings with gaping chasms and stains of jagged color, often in dark earth tones.
TheArtStory: Clyfford Still
Robert Motherwell
Robert Motherwell
Robert Motherwell
Robert Motherwell was a first-generation Abstract Expressionist whose paintings use hulking shapes, large-scale strokes and calligraphy, and wide expanses of muted color. Eloquent and well-educated, he wrote extensively on theories of art.
TheArtStory: Robert Motherwell
Works Progress Administration
Works Progress Administration
Works Progress Administration
The government-funded Federal Art Project of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) hired hundreds of artists who collectively created more than 100,000 paintings and murals and over 18,000 sculptures. The Project was part of President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal during the Great Depression.
TheArtStory: Works Progress Administration
Lee Krasner
Lee Krasner
Lee Krasner
Lee Krasner was an American abstract painter and a prominent first-generation Abstract Expressionist. A student of Hans Hofmann's, and a pioneer in the all-over technique of painting that later influenced Color Field artists such as Helen Frankenthaler, Morris Louis, and her husband, Jackson Pollock.
TheArtStory: Lee Krasner
Adolph Gottlieb
Adolph Gottlieb
Adolph Gottlieb
Adolph Gottlieb was an Abstract Expressionist painter who commonly used grids, pictographs, and primitive symbols in his work.
TheArtStory: Adolph Gottlieb
Mark Rothko
Mark Rothko
Mark Rothko
Mark Rothko was an Abstract Expressionist painter whose early interest in mythic landscapes gave way to mature works featuring large, hovering blocks of color on colored grounds.
TheArtStory: Mark Rothko
Ad Reinhardt
Ad Reinhardt
Ad Reinhardt
Ad Reinhardt was an American abstract artist whose monochromatic canvases show side-by-side rectangles painted in subtle variations of the same color. Very much part of the New York scene in the 1940s, he nonetheless scorned the label and gestural ethos of Abstract Expressionism.
TheArtStory: Ad Reinhardt
Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian, a founding member of the De Stijl movement, was a modern Dutch artist who used grids, perpendicular lines, and the three primary colors in what he deemed Neo-plasticism.
TheArtStory: Piet Mondrian
Clement Greenberg
Clement Greenberg
Clement Greenberg
Clement Greenberg was one the leading American art critics during the twentieth century. Best known as the ideological counterpart to Harold Rosenberg, Greenberg was a formalist who coined the terms "American-type painting" and 'Post-painterly abstraction.' He was a staunch champion of pure abstraction, including the work of Jackson Pollock, Clyfford Still and Hans Hofmann.
TheArtStory: Clement Greenberg
Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo is a twentieth-century Mexican artist whose work has a strong autobiographical component as it addresses issues of feminism and nationalism. Her work is often associated with Surrealism and she is best known for her many, often uncanny self-portraits.
TheArtStory: Frida Kahlo
Dorothea Tanning
Dorothea Tanning
Dorothea Tanning
Tanning is an American painter and poet heavily influenced by Duchamp, Ray, Tanguy and perhaps most of all Max Ernst, her former husband, Tanning created a number of paintings in the 1940s that are now considered seminal to the Surrealist movement, including her dream-like self-portrait Birthday.
TheArtStory: Dorothea Tanning
William Baziotes
William Baziotes
William Baziotes
William Baziotes was a first generation Abstract Expressionist painter who worked in a Surrealist, lyrical style.
TheArtStory: William Baziotes
De Niro, Robert
De Niro, Robert
De Niro, Robert
Painter, sculptor and poet Robert De Niro, Sr. was a substantial contributor to post-war American art for his dedication to painterly representation. Vivid, innovative, and representational work distinguished De Niro as a distinct figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement.
TheArtStory: De Niro, Robert
Richard Pousette-Dart
Richard Pousette-Dart
Richard Pousette-Dart
Richard Pousette-Dart's early work, marked by thick black contour lines and primitive themes, gave way to a freer abstract style in the 1940s, and to light-infused, pointillist paintings in the 1950s and 60s. Although initially associated with the classic Abstract Expressionist angst, his work maintained a more transcendent and positive quality to it, increasingly focused on the expression of spiritual ideals in paint and color.
TheArtStory: Richard Pousette-Dart
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect and designer who is widely considered among the greatest architects in history, having erected some of the world's most iconic structures, from the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum to the Fallingwater house.
TheArtStory: Frank Lloyd Wright
Dada
Dada
Dada
Dada was an artistic and literary movement that emerged in 1916. It arose in reaction to World War I, and the nationalism and rationalism that many thought had led to the War. Influenced by several avant-gardes - Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism, and Expressionism - its output was wildly diverse, ranging from performance art to poetry, photography, sculpture, painting and collage. Emerging first in Zurich, it spread to cities including Berlin, Hanover, Paris, New York and Cologne.
TheArtStory: Dada
Leonora Carrington
Leonora Carrington
Leonora Carrington
Leonora Carrington was a British-born Mexican artist, painter and novelist, commonly associated with the Surrealist movement. As one of the few female Surrealist artists, Carrington made a distinct and lasting impression in the 1940s while showing work at the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York and international exhibitions of Surrealist artists.TheArtStory: Leonora Carrington
Roberto Matta
Roberto Matta
Roberto Matta
Roberto Matta was a Chilean-born artist who lived and worked in New York in the 1940s. His interest in automatism and painterly effects helped forge a crucial link between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism.
TheArtStory: Roberto Matta