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Artists Jack Tworkov
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Jack Tworkov

American Painter

Movement: Abstract Expressionism

Born: August 15, 1900 - Biala Podlaska, Poland

Died: September 4, 1982 - Provincetown, Massachusetts

Jack Tworkov Timeline

Synopsis

Not necessarily a household name, Jack Tworkov nonetheless inhabited a central position in the formation of Abstract Expressionism in the middle of the 20th century. He was not known for the carousing and drinking of some of his more famous colleagues, but his dedication to self-exploration through the painting process embodied the ethos and intellectual curiosity of the downtown art scene. Using bold gestural strokes, Tworkov explored the gray areas between figuration and abstraction and flatness and illusionistic depth. A dedicated teacher for many decades, his later forays into more geometric and linear compositions sparked dialogues with younger artists and artistic styles such as Minimalism and Post-Minimalism.

Key Ideas

Like many American artists at the time, Tworkov worked his way through European styles before embracing bold gestural painting, but Tworkov always spoke of the importance of these precursors and influences and insisted that all art was in dialogue with each other.
Throughout much of his career, Tworkov retained figurative elements in his paintings. While relinquishing recognizable figures, Tworkov abstracted body parts to shapes and lines, suggestive of the human form without being illustrative. Tworkov relished this ambiguity and the ways in which it would bring the viewer into the painting.
In many ways Tworkov embodied the tenets of Action Painting, creating a dialogue between colors and forms by responding to each stroke of paint as he placed it on the canvas, but he also increasingly relied on an underlying geometric, or grid, structure to construct his complex compositions.

Biography

Jack Tworkov Photo

Childhood

Jack Tworkov, born Yakov Tworkovsky, was born to tailor Hyman Tworkovsky and Ester Singer in Biala Podlaska, a village on the border of Poland and the Russian Empire. Tworkov's father was a widower with five children, while his mother was a divorceé with no children. This made childhood tense for Tworkov, as there was significant hostility toward his mother from her stepchildren. Biala Podlaska was a garrison town at the time, and Tworkov's father worked for the Russian Army. Tworkov's father emigrated to start a tailor shop on Ludlow Street in Manhattan, followed in September 1913 by Tworkov, his mother, and younger sister, Janice.

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Jack Tworkov Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Jack Tworkov
Interactive chart with Jack Tworkov's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Paul CézannePaul Cézanne
Henri MatisseHenri Matisse
Wassily KandinskyWassily Kandinsky
Paul KleePaul Klee

Personal Contacts

Karl Knaths
Edwin Dickinson
Willem de KooningWillem de Kooning
Franz KlineFranz Kline

Movements

Post-ImpressionismPost-Impressionism
ExpressionismExpressionism
CubismCubism

Influences on Artist
Jack Tworkov
Jack Tworkov
Years Worked: 1924 - 1982
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Robert RauschenbergRobert Rauschenberg
Michael Craig-MartinMichael Craig-Martin
Jennifer Bartlett
Christopher WoolChristopher Wool

Personal Contacts

Karl Knaths
Guy Pène du Bois

Movements

Abstract ExpressionismAbstract Expressionism

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Content compiled and written by Charlotte Davis

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Charlotte Davis
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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