About us
Artists Daniel Buren
Daniel Buren Photo

Daniel Buren

French Painter, Sculptor, Conceptual Artist

Movements and Styles: Conceptual Art, Minimalism

Born: March 25, 1938 - Boulogne-Billancourt, France

Daniel Buren Timeline

Quotes

"Every act is political and, whether one is conscious of it or not, the presentation of one's work is no exception. Any production, any work of art is social, has a political significance. We are obliged to pass over the sociological aspect of the proposition before us due to lack of space and consideration of priority among the questions to be analyzed."
Daniel Buren
"The work of art... in seemingly by-passing all difficulties, attains full freedom, thus in fact nourishing the prevailing ideology. It functions as a security valve for the system, an image of freedom in the midst of general alienation and finally as a bourgeois concept supposedly beyond all criticism, natural, above and beyond all ideology."
Daniel Buren
"Every place radically imbues (formally, architecturally, sociologically, politically) with its meaning the object (work creation) shown there."
Daniel Buren
"When we say architecture, we include the social, political and economic context. Architecture of any sort is in fact the inevitable background, support and frame of any work."
Daniel Buren
"Putting a shovel in a gallery or museum signified "this shovel has become art." And it actually was. The action itself is art, because the artist projects himself in choosing the shovel, and especially in placing it out of context."
Daniel Buren

"My painting, at the limit, can only signify itself... It is. So much so, and so well, that anyone can make it and claim it... Perhaps the only thing that one can do after having seen a canvas like ours is total revolution."

Synopsis

Daniel Buren has predominately been painting 8.7cm-wide vertical stripes for half a century. However, unlike those by many of his contemporaries, Buren's stripes are political. Pasted on top of adverts, plinths, and installed antagonistically in royal courtyards, his work remains critical of a world construed of images and hierarchies of power. He has taken abstract painting, Conceptualism and Minimalism out of the galleries that these movements are so dependent on, democratizing abstract modernist art practices, which, particularly in the 1960s, relied heavily on controlled, 'pure' museum encounters. He often works with other artists and architects in an unusual fashion - not collaborating with existing creative, but rather inserting his work into a relationship with established architectural spaces. In this way he asserts the idea that no artist works completely independently, but rather exists in defined geographies and histories.

Key Ideas

Daniel Buren valued repetition, abstraction, and even boredom and made work that was non-representational, and even anti-representational. He believes that viewers' encounters with forms, shapes, and color, could be more meaningful than encounters with naturalistic or semiotic images and aims to allow a freedom of interpretation and enjoyment in his works.
In French theorist Guy Debord's Society of the Spectacle (1967) Debord writes that everyday social relations between people have been supplanted by relationships between images. This image-based life follows the regression of subjects under capitalism from being (humans) to having (commodities) to appearing (as representation). In his early work, Buren literally effaces images of commodities in advertising, by pasting over them with abstract (non-representational) stripes.
The imperative of 'art for art's sake' is central to Buren's practice. This idea states that art exists in and for itself and its viewers, and doesn't need to be made in the service of emotional, moral or didactically politically ideals.
Despite the above assertion, Buren's anti-establishment sensibilities found its way into his art, which often intentionally disrupts respected spaces, for example his gigantic hanging fabric in the middle of the Guggenheim's spiral, and his squat geometric striped columns in the courtyard of the Palais Royal in Paris.

Biography

Daniel Buren Photo

Childhood

Daniel Buren is an artist who likes to keep his personal life private and insists on the separation between his autobiography and his work. Consequently, he shares very little about his private life and we know almost nothing about his childhood, except that he was born in Boulogne-Billancourt in France in 1938.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Daniel Buren Biography Continues

Influences and Connections

Influences on Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Influenced by Artist
Artists, Friends, Movements
Daniel Buren
Interactive chart with Daniel Buren's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
View Influences Chart

Artists

Frank StellaFrank Stella
Bridget RileyBridget Riley
Marcel DuchampMarcel Duchamp

Personal Contacts

Sophie CalleSophie Calle

Movements

Op ArtOp Art

Influences on Artist
Daniel Buren
Daniel Buren
Years Worked: 1965 - present
Influenced by Artist

Artists

Olafur EliassonOlafur Eliasson
Sophie CalleSophie Calle
Joseph KosuthJoseph Kosuth

Personal Contacts

Sophie CalleSophie Calle

Movements

Conceptual ArtConceptual Art
MinimalismMinimalism

If you see an error or typo, please:
tell us
Cite this page

Content compiled and written by Anna Souter

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
Content compiled and written by Anna Souter
Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
Available from:
[Accessed ]