Modern Movements and Styles - Full List Modern Movements in Interwar Modern Art

Movements and Styles in Interwar Modern Art

This section provides information about important movements, styles, tendencies, groups, and schools of Modern and Contemporary Art.

Interwar Modern Art: 17 of 78 Total Movements
Bauhaus Art & Analysis

Bauhaus

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Bauhaus Famous Art

Bauhaus is a style and movement associated with the Bauhaus school, an extremely influential art and design school in Weimar Germany that emphasized the functionality and efficiency of design alongside its material properties. Prominent teachers include Josef Albers, Walter Gropius, Wassily Kandinsky, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Paul Klee.

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The Bloombury Group Artists Art & Analysis

The Bloombury Group Artists

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The Bloombury Group Artists Famous Art

The artists of the Bloomsbury Group were innovative British painters, designers, and art critics Bell, Grant, Wood+ breathed fresh life into the stuffy 1900's art scene.

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Constructivism Art & Analysis

Constructivism

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Constructivism Famous Art

Contructivism was a movement that emerged in Revolutionary Russia among such artists as Vladimir Tatlin, Aleksander Rodchenko, Antoine Pevsner, and Naum Gabo. Celebrating 'art as machine,' it emphasized space, construction, and industrial materials.

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Dada Art & Analysis

Dada

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Dada Famous Art

Dada emerged in the early twentieth century as a literary and artistic movement that celebrated random chance, readymade artworks, and outragous performances. Its practitioners, including Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, and Marcel Duchamp, scorned bourgeois conventions of high culture, especially the appreciation for artistic intention and skill.

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Dada and Surrealist Photography Art & Analysis

Dada and Surrealist Photography

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Dada and Surrealist Photography Famous Art

This ground-breaking practice of photography was inspired by Dada's improvisational practices and the Surrealist's foray into the unconscious, dream, and fantasy realms. Many artists contributed various works that ultimately stretched the possibilities of the medium.

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De Stijl Art & Analysis

De Stijl

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De Stijl Famous Art

Founded in the Netherlands in 1917, De Stijl was an avant-garde dedicated to isolating a single visual style that would be appropriate to all aspects of modern life, from art to design to architecture. Taking its name from a periodical, its most famous practitioners were Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian, whose mature art employed geometric blocks of primary colors and vertical and horizontal lines.

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The International Style Art & Analysis

The International Style

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The International Style Famous Art

The International Style was a style of modern architecture that emerged in the 1920s and '30s. It emphasized balance, the importance of function, and clean lines devoid of ornamentation. Glass and steel buildings, with less emphasis on conrete, is the most common and pure realization of structures in this style.

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Mexican Muralism Art & Analysis

Mexican Muralism

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Mexican Muralism Famous Art

Mexican Muralism was a vibrant movement whose artists created large-scale works, executed in Mexico and the US. Relying on a mixture of Mexican heritage and classical Italian styles, murals were frequently done in a figurative, allegorical style and dealt with political, social, and radical themes.

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Neo-Plasticism Art & Analysis

Neo-Plasticism

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Neo-Plasticism Famous Art

Neo-Plasticism was the guiding philosophy behind the art of Dutch painter Piet Mondrian and many of his peers in the De Stijl circle. Articulated by Mondrian in 1917-18, the approach stipulates the strict use of only horizontal and vertical lines and the primary colors red, yellow, and blue.

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Orphism Art & Analysis

Orphism

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Orphism Famous Art

Orphism was a French art movement that brought together contemporary theories of philosophy and color. This movement was pioneered by Robert and Sonia Delaunays, a couple who immersed the viewer in dynamic expanses of rhythmic form and chromatic scales rather than the monochromatic Cubist experiments of the time.

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Russian Futurism Art & Analysis

Russian Futurism

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Russian Futurism Famous Art

After the Russian Revolution, collaborative groups of futurists formed in St. Petersburg and in Moscow, publishing journals, organizing debates, and curating exhibitions of their work. Artists such as Natalya Goncharova, Kasimir Malevich, and Vladimir Mayakovsky reject past approaches and looked to Russian icongraphy, French Cubism, and the avant-garde of Europe for new directions for art-making.

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Salon Cubism Art & Analysis

Salon Cubism

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Salon Cubism Famous Art

The Salon Cubists built upon the early Cubist experiments of Pablo Picasso and George Braque and painted large scale, vibrant paintings.

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Social Realism Art & Analysis

Social Realism

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Social Realism Famous Art

Social Realism refers to a style of figurative art with social concerns - generally left-wing. Inspired in part by nineteenth-century Realism, it emerged in various forms in the twentieth century. Political radicalism prompted its emergence in 1930s America, while distaste for abstract art encouraged many in Europe to maintain the style into the 1950s.

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Straight Photography Art & Analysis

Straight Photography

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Straight Photography Famous Art

Straight Photography is a movement centered on depicting a scene in sharp focus and detail as a way to emphasize the photographic medium and distinguish it from painting. Straight Photographers manipulated darkroom techniques to enhance the photograph with higher contrast and rich tonality.

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Surrealism Art & Analysis

Surrealism

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Surrealism Famous Art

Perhaps the most influential avant-garde movement of the century, Surrealism was founded in Paris in 1924 by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination. Much influenced by Freud, they believed that the conscious mind repressed the power of the imagination. Influenced also by Marx, they hoped that the psyche had the power to reveal the contradictions in the everyday world and spur on revolution.

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Surrealist Film Art & Analysis

Surrealist Film

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Surrealist Film Famous Art

Surrealist films, an important part of the greater Surrealism movement, explore, reveal, and possibly even replicate the inner-workings of the subconscious mind in a highly visual and accessible manner.

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Surrealist Sculpture Art & Analysis

Surrealist Sculpture

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Surrealist Sculpture Famous Art

The objects and sculptures of Surrealism pierced the veil between reality and our more primitive desires, fantasies, taboos. A number of the Surrealists specialized in making three dimensional objects that conjured images and ideas from the primal, subconscious spaces of their psyches.

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Interwar Modern Art: 17 of 78 Total Movements



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