Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Straight Photography

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Modern Artists in Straight Photography

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of artists central to Straight Photography.

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Straight Photographers: 15 of 353 Total Artists
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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography, Fashion Photography

Born: May 15, 1923 - New York City, New York

Died: October 1, 2004 - San Antonio, Texas

Richard Avedon revolutionized fashion photography by enlivening his models, by showing them in movement. He also excelled in black-and-white portraiture - celebraties and common folk were exhibited in psychologoically revealing ways. His large and powerful body of work makes Avedon one of the most famous photographers of all time.

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French Photographer and Filmmaker

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Photojournalism, Documentary Photography

Born: August 22, 1908 - Chantelop-en-Brie, France

Died: August 3, 2004 - Montjustin, France

The French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson defined the field of photojournalism and created some of the most memorable photos of the greatest world events of his era. He also brilliantly captured "the decisive moment", the split second when an intersting and powerful composition is best photographed.

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American Photographer, Writer, and Photojournalist

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Photojournalism

Born: November 3, 1903 - St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Died: April 10, 1975 - New Haven, Connecticut, USA

The photographs of Walker Evans told the story of American working-class life with an exacting frankness that was truly revolutionary for its time. He is best well-known for his documentation of the effects of the Great Depression, especially for the iconic portrait of a Southern farmer's wife.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography

Born: May 26, 1895 - Hoboken, New Jersey

Died: October 11, 1965 - San Francisco, California

Dorothea Lange's images of Depression America made her one of the most acclaimed documentary photographers of the twentieth century. She went on to become a leading photo-journalist working for magazines such as Fortune and Life.

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American Photographer and Filmmaker

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Street Photography, Documentary Photography, Surrealism

Born: August 31, 1913 - Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, New York

Died: March 29, 2009 - New York, New York

Helen Levitt photographed the streets of New York, first focusing on children's street culture then expanding to the whole of New York urban life. She also worked in film, receiving an Oscar nomination for The Quiet One.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Conceptual Art

Born: November 4, 1946 - Floral Park, New York

Died: March 9, 1989 - Boston, Massachusetts

Robert Mapplethorpe was an American photographer known for his large-scale, highly stylized black and white portraits, photos of flowers and nude men. The frank, homosexual eroticism of some his work triggered a more general controversy about the public funding of artworks and censorship.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Photojournalism

Born: April 23, 1907 - Poughkeepsie, New York

Died: July 21, 1977 - Chiddingly, East Sussex, United Kingdom

Lee Miller was an American photographer and former fashion model who lived abroad in Paris and collaborated with Man Ray and other Surrealists. During World War II, she became well known as a war-time correspondent, covering the London blitz, the liberation of Paris, and freeing of the concentration camps of Buchenwald and Dachau.

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Austrian-American Photographer and Instructor

Movements and Styles: Street Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography, Photojournalism

Born: November 10, 1901 - Vienna, Austria

Died: March 30, 1983 - New York City, USA

Model's work was remarkable for the emotions that she was able to capture; close-cropped raw, candid photos of vanity, insecurity, and loneliness - made her an iconic photographer of New York City.

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Hungarian-American Designer, Filmmaker, Painter, Photographer, Sculptor, and Theoretician

Movements and Styles: Bauhaus, Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Kinetic Art, Op Art

Born: July 20, 1895 - Borsod, Austria-Hungary

Died: November 24, 1946 - Chicago, Illinois

Moholy-Nagy was a Hungarian painter, photographer, and teacher at the Bauhaus School. He was influential in promoting the Bauhaus's multi- and mixed-media approaches to art, advocating for the integration of technological and industrial design elements.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Fashion Photography, Straight Photography

Born: June 16, 1917 - Plainfield, New Jersey

Died: October 7, 2009 - New York City, New York

Irving Penn was a fashion photographer and worked for many years for Vogue magazine, founding his own studio in 1953. Influenced by European Modernism - and in particular Surealism - he became one of the most famous photographers of all time erasing the lines between fashion photography, fine art photography, and "high art".

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: The Pictures Generation, Conceptual Art, Feminist Art, Postmodernism

Born: January 19, 1954 - Glen Ridge, New Jersey

Cindy Sherman is an American photographer and film director, best known for her conceptual portraits. Sherman has raised challenging and important questions about the role and representation of women in society, the media and the nature of the creation of art.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography, Abstract Expressionism

Born: December 4, 1903 - New York, New York

Died: February 8, 1991 - Providence, Rhode Island

Aaron Siskind was a 20th-century American photographer whose catalog of work bears the mark of Abstract Expressionism. Siskind's photographs of found objects were often closely focused on simple shapes in the object, reflecting the artist's preoccupation with basic form, line and texture. Siskind was a significant pioneer is turning photography into an abstract medium.

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American Photographer and Publisher

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography

Born: January 1, 1864 - Hoboken, New Jersey

Died: July 13, 1946 - New York, New York

Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer who published the pioneering journal Camera Work. His gallery 291 was a locus for modern artists in America.

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Austrian-American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Street Photography, Documentary Photography, Photojournalism, Straight Photography

Born: June 12, 1899 - Lemberg, Austria (now in Ukraine)

Died: December 27, 1968 - New York City, USA

Weegee was a legendary news photographer, whose stock and trade were candid shots of people in the streets, in bars, and at crime scenes in New York City.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Early American Modernism

Born: March 24, 1886 - Highland Park, Illinois

Died: January 1, 1958 - Carmel, California

Edward Weston helped revolutionize photography so that it became a legitimate modern artistic medium and influenced an entire generation of American photographers.

Straight Photographers: 15 of 353 Total Artists

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