Modern Artists Full List Spanish Modern Artists


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Bernd and Hilla BecherBernd and Hilla Becher
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Spanish Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of the achievements of Spanish artists. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

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Spanish: 12 of 353 Total Artists

Spanish Filmmaker

Movement: Surrealism

Born: February 22, 1900 - Calanda, Spain

Died: July 29, 1983 - Mexico City, Mexico

Luis Bunuel Portoles was a Spanish-born filmmaker and avant-garde auteur. Heavily influenced by Surrealism, Dada and religious lore, Bunuel's films were famous for their disturbing imagery and dreamlike sensibility. In addition to his adopted Mexico, he filmed in France and the United States.


Spanish Painter, Sculptor, Filmmaker, Printmaker, and Performance Artist

Movement: Surrealism

Born: May 11, 1904 - Figueras, Catalonia, Spain

Died: January 23, 1989 - Figueras, Catalonia, Spain

Salvador Dalí was a Spanish Surrealist painter who combined a hyperrealist style with dream-like, sexualized subject matter. His collaborations with Hollywood and commercial ventures, alongside his notoriously dramatic personality, earned him scorn from some Surrealist colleagues.


Greek-Spanish Painter, Sculptor, and Architect

Movement: Mannerism

Born: October 1, 1541 - Crete, Greece

Died: April 7, 1614 - Toledo, Spain

El Greco was a master artist who employed highly expressive techniques and elongated figures that both confounded his contemporaries and influenced later movements such as Expressionism and Cubism.


Catalan Architect and Designer

Movements and Styles: Art Nouveau, Modern Architecture

Born: June 25, 1852 - Reus, Catalonia, Spain

Died: June 10, 1926 - Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Antoni Gaudí was the most popular representative of the Catalan Modernista movement, which combined elements of Art Nouveau, Japonism, Gothic design, and geometric forms. Gaudi's design style has been referred to as "global," indicating a profound attention to every detail of his work, from a building's structure and placement down to its smallest decorative details. Gaudi's masterpiece is the Sagrada Familia, a distinctly modern church in Barcelona.Modern Architecture Modern Design Art Nouveau Religious Art Spanish


Spanish Draftsman

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Surrealism, Modern Sculpture

Born: September 21, 1876 - Barcelona, Spain

Died: March 27, 1942 - Arcueil, Paris, France

Julio Gonzalez was a Catalan-Spanish sculptor best known for bronze and iron welding, creating many famous semi-abstract works that often highlighted the horros of war.


Spanish Painter and Printmaker

Movement: Romanticism

Born: March 30, 1746 - Fuendetodos, Spain

Died: April 16, 1828 - Bordeaux, France

Francisco Goya was an eighteenth-century Spanish painter, and is considered by many to be "the father of modern painting." Informed by the Baroque style and the Classicists, Goya's art was part of the Romanticism movement, but also contained provocative elements such as social critiques, nudes, war, and allegories of death. He is considered a major influence on the works of Manet, Picasso, and Dali.


Spanish Painter, Illustrator, and Sculptor

Movement: Cubism

Born: March 23 1887 - Madrid, Spain

Died: May 11 1927 - Boulogne-sur-Seine, France

Juan Gris was a Spanish painter and sculptor, and one of the few pioneers of Cubism. Along with Matisse, Léger, Braque and Picasso, Gris was among the elite visual artists working in early-twentieth-century France.


Spanish Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Dada

Born: April 20, 1893 - Barcelona, Spain

Died: December 25, 1983 - Palma De Mallorca, Spain

Active in Paris from the 1920s onward, and influenced by Surrealism, Miró developed a style of biomorphic abstraction which blended abstract figurative motifs, large fields of color, and primitivist symbols. This style would be an important inspiration for many Abstract Expressionists.


Spanish Painter and Conceptual Artist

Movements and Styles: Pop Art, Conceptual Art, Feminist Art, Modern Photography

Born: 1946 - Valencia, Spain

Oliver is a Spanish Pop artist who collaborated with the collective Equipo Crónica while New Figuration was influencing the work of the group.


Spanish Draftsman, Painter, Printmaker, and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Symbolism, Surrealism

Born: October 25, 1881 - Malaga, Spain

Died: April 8, 1973 - Mougins, France

Picasso dominated European painting in the first half of the last century, and remains perhaps the century's most important, prolifically inventive and versatile artist. Alongside Georges Braque he pioneered Cubism. He also made significant contributions to Surrealist painting, and media such as collage, welded sculpture, and ceramics.

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Mexican Painter and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Modern Sculpture, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: December 16, 1908 - Anglès, Girona Spain

Died: October 8, 1963 - Mexico City, Mexico

The Spanish-Mexican Surrealist Varo, a well-studied alchemist, seeker, and naturalist, created dreamlike imagery often dealing with individual balance in an interconnected universe.


Spanish Painter

Movement: Baroque

Born: June 6, 1599 - Seville, Spain

Died: August 6, 1660 - Madrid, Spain

The Spanish legend Diego Velazquez was one of the leading figures in the Baroque period. Known as a master of detail and light, Velazquez's work has been a significant influence on generations of artists and movements, from Realism to Surrealism.

Spanish: 12 of 353 Total Artists

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