Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Realism

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Modern Artists in Realism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Realism movement. Read more about the movement on the Realism Overview page.

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Realism: 15 of 332 Total Artists
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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Realism, Impressionism

Born: December 5, 1841 - Montepellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France

Died: November 28, 1870 - Beaune-la-Rolande, France

Frédéric Bazille was an Impressionist and Realist painter who came from a wealthy background and was able to help his fellow artists, including Monet, Sisley, and Manet with money and materials. His career and life were cut short, dying in battle during the Franco-Prussian War at just 29 years old.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Realism, Impressionism

Born: August 19, 1848 - Paris, France

Died: February 21, 1894 - Gennevilliers, France

Gustave Caillebotte was a nineteenth-century French painter and one of the Impressionist artists, though his style resembled Realism more than Impressionism. Caillebotte was also an early practitioner of using photography for composing his images, a prominent art patron, and an outspoken supporter of other Impressionists like Pissarro, Monet, and Renoir. His vast wealth also allowed Caillebotte to fund several exhibitions of Impressionist art, and to convince the Louvre to acquire many important works.

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French Painter

Movement: Realism

Born: June 10, 1819 - Ornans, Doubs, France

Died: December 31, 1877 - La Tour-de-Peilz, Switzerland

Gustave Courbet was a French painter and chief figure in the Realist movement of the mid-19th century. His paintings often contained an emotional bleakness, and were praised for their precision and use of light. Along with Delacroix, Courbet was a key influence on the Impressionists.

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French Painter, Sculptor, Printmaker, Caricaturist

Movements and Styles: Romanticism, Realism

Born: February 26, 1808 - Marseille, France

Died: February 10, 1879 - Valmondois, France

Honore Daumier was an accomplished artist in several media, but especially well-known for his political caricatures and satirical art and key member of the Realism movement.

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American Painter, Photographer, and Teacher

Movements and Styles: Realism, Early American Modernism

Born: July 25,1844 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: June 25, 1916 - Philadelphia Pennsylvania

Thomas Eakins was renowned as an influential Realist painter, his many portraits famously depicted the streets, parlors, natural scenery and citizens of his native Philadelphia. Eakins was known as a master of light, shadow and movement, and for capturing simple scenes that evoked complex themes.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Ashcan School, Realism, American Impressionism, Early American Modernism

Born: March 13, 1870 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: May 22, 1938 - Westport, Connecticut

Glackens invigorated American painting, developed Impressionism, joined the Ashcan School, and focused on scenes of leisure rather than the slums that his peers preferred.

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French Draftsman and Painter

Movements and Styles: Impressionism, Realism

Born: January 23, 1832 - Paris, France

Died: April 30, 1883 - Paris, France

Édouard Manet was a French painter and a prominent figure in the mid-19th-century Realist movement of French art. Manet's paintings are considered among the first works of art in the modern era, due to his rough painting style and absence of idealism in his figures. Manet was a close friend of and major influence on younger artists who founded Impressionism such as Monet, Degas, and Renoir.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Realism, Barbizon School, Naturalism

Born: October 4, 1814 - Gruchy, in Gréville-Hague (Normandy)

Died: January 20, 1875 - Barbizon, France

Millet was the Realist co-founder of the Barbizon School near Paris. He is especially known for his depictions rural life and peasant labor that had a large influence on later modernists.

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Italian Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Italian Futurism, Metaphysical Art, Realism

Born: July 20, 1890 - Bologna, Italy

Died: June 18, 1964 - Bologna, Italy

With a sparse selection of household objects and familiar landscapes, painted in muted tones and warm light, Giorgio Morandi bridged the grand legacy of Italian art and twentieth-century modernism.

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American Painter, Printmaker, and Writer

Movement: Realism

Born: June 10, 1907 - Winnetka, Illinois

Died: September 18, 1975 - Southampton, New York

Fairfield Porter was a 20th-century American realist painter and noted art critic. Although friends with and staunch admirer of many abstractionists from The New York School, Porter was something of a black sheep, opting to paint figurative forms and landscapes, which are only now gaining significant recognition.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Impressionism, Pointillism, Post-Impressionism, Realism

Born: October 10, 1858 - St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

Died: February 1, 1924 - New York City, New York

Maurice Prendergast was an American artist, who spent much time with the French Post-Impressionists, and became an important source of modern art ideas in New York City.

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French Painter

Movement: Post-Impressionism

Born: May 21, 1844 - Laval, France

Died: September 2, 1910 - Paris, France

Henri Rousseau was a French self-taught painter. His most famous works, done in his characteristic flat figurative style, show surreal and dream-like scenes in primitive or natural settings.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Barbizon School, Naturalism, Romanticism

Born: April 15, 1812 - Paris, France

Died: December 22, 1867 - Barbizon, France

A leading member of the Barbizon School, Theodore Rousseau primarily painted landscapes, and the forest of Fontainbleau in particular. He was able to infuse with emotion and character into his canvases, leaving the viewer with the impression of the power and mystery of nature.

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American Painter

Movement:

Born: January 12, 1856 - Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany

Died: April 14, 1925 - London, UK

John Singer Sargent was the premiere portraitist of his generation, well-known for his depictions of high society figures in Paris, London, and New York. He updated a centuries-old tradition in order to capture his sitters' character and even reputation.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: American Regionalism, Realism, Magic Realism

Born: July 12, 1917 - Chadds Ford, PA

Died: January 16, 2009 - Chadds Ford, PA

Andy Wyeth was a twentieth-century American artist known for his rural landscapes and figure studies. His realist, yet eerily enigmatic, style is characterized by its compositional balance, high definition, and keen evocation of textural details.

Realism: 15 of 332 Total Artists

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