Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Post-Impressionism

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Modern Artists in Post-Impressionism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Post-Impressionism movement. Read more about the movement on the Post-Impressionism Overview page.

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Post-Impressionism: 20 of 356 Total Artists
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English Painter

Movements and Styles: The Bloomsbury Group Artists, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism

Born: May 30, 1879 - London, United Kingdom

Died: April 7, 1961 - Firle, United Kington

One of the most renowned artists of the Bloomsbury Group, Vanessa Bell was an innovative painter and interior designer. Rejecting the Victorian style of narrative painting and notions of ideal femininity, Bell used her personal life in her paintings to explore modern life.

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French Painter, Engraver, Poet, Writer, and Art Critic

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Cloisonnism, Synthetism, Symbolism

Born: April 28, 1868 - Lille, France

Died: April 16, 1941 - Paris, France

Émile Bernard was a Post-Impressionist painter who had artistic friendships with Van Gogh, Gauguin, Eugene Boch, and Cézanne. He is also associated with the art movements Cloisonnism and Synthetism. Bernard also produced plays, poetry, and art criticism.

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French Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Les Nabis, Symbolism

Born: October 3, 1867 - Fontenay-aux-Roses, France

Died: January 23, 1947 - Le Cannet, France

The French artist Pierre Bonnard, although dismissed as old-fashioned by some of the avant-garde in his lifetime, was esteemed by contemporary colorists like Matisse. A member of the Nabis group in his youth, his innovative paintings play with light, decorative surfaces, and Impressionist techniques.

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French Draftsman and Painter

Movement: Post-Impressionism

Born: January 19, 1839 - Aix-en-Provence, France

Died: October 22, 1906 - Aix-en-Provence, France

Paul Cézanne was an influential French Post-Impressionist painter whose depictions of the natural world, based on internal geometric planes, paved the way for Cubism and later modern art movements.

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French Painter, Illustrator, Theorist, and Writer

Movements and Styles: Symbolism, Les Nabis, Post-Impressionism, Japonism

Born: November 25, 1870 - Granville, France

Died: November 13, 1943 - Paris, France

Maurice Denis was a French painter and writer, recognized as an important member of the Nabi and the Symbolist movements. A pioneering theorist who insisted on the flatness of the picture plane, Denis created brightly colored Post-Impressionist works that profoundly influenced the next generation of modern artists.Post-Impressionism Symbolism Japonism French

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American Artist, Collector, and Writer

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Abstract Art

Born: September 10, 1877 - Brooklyn, New York

Died: March 29, 1952 - Milford, Connecticut

Katherine Dreier was an American artist and patron of the arts. Dreier was a proponent and creator of modern art, influenced by her friend Marcel Duchamp. She cofounded the Societe Anonyme, along with Duchamp, and Man Ray, through which she promoted and financially supported many modern artists and established the first permanent collection of modern art in America.

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French Draftsman, Painter, Printmaker, and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Symbolism

Born: June 7, 1848 - Paris, France

Died: May 8, 1903 - Atuona, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia

Paul Gauguin was a French Post-Impressionist artist who employed color fields and painterly strokes in his work. He is best known for his primitivist depictions of native life in Tahiti and Polynesia.

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Italian Painter and Sculptor

Movement: Expressionism

Born: July 12, 1884 - Livorno, Italy

Died: January 24, 1920 - Paris, France

Amedeo Modigliani was a Jewish-Italian painter working in Paris from 1906 onwards. His unique style was influenced by Post-Impressionism, Brancusi and Cézanne, and featured ovaloid faces, elongated forms, and the use of brushy, modulated color fields.

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Norwegian Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Symbolism

Born: December 12, 1863 - Loten, Norway

Died: January 23, 1944 - Oslo, Norway

Norweigan painter and printmaker Edvard Munch was a pioneer of the German Expressionist movement. His works such as The Scream explored deeply psychological concepts in a Symbolist style.

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Danish-French Painter and Printmaker

Movement: Impressionism

Born: July 10, 1830 - St. Thomas, Danish West Indies

Died: November 13, 1903 - Paris, France

Camille Pissarro became a pivotal artist and mentor whose paintings are delicate studies of the effect of light on color in nature and the rural countryside.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Impressionism, Pointillism, Post-Impressionism, Realism

Born: October 10, 1858 - St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada

Died: February 1, 1924 - New York City, New York

Maurice Prendergast was an American artist, who spent much time with the French Post-Impressionists, and became an important source of modern art ideas in New York City.

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French Painter

Movement: Post-Impressionism

Born: May 21, 1844 - Laval, France

Died: September 2, 1910 - Paris, France

Henri Rousseau was a French self-taught painter. His most famous works, done in his characteristic flat figurative style, show surreal and dream-like scenes in primitive or natural settings.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Les Nabis, Symbolism, Synthetism, Cloisonnism

Born: November 9, 1864 - Paris, France

Died: October 7, 1927 - Morlaix, France

Paul Sérusier was a French Symbolist and Post-Impressionist painter, the founder of Les Nabis, and a key proponent of the late-nineteenth-century artistic movements Synthetism and Cloisonnism. Influenced by the work of Paul Gauguin, his innovative painting style incorporated vibrant color, abstract form, natural motifs, and religious themes.

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French Draftsman and Painter

Movements and Styles: Neo-Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Pointillism

Born: December 2, 1859 - Paris, France

Died: March 29, 1891 - Paris, France

Georges Seurat was a French painter who gave rise to the Post- and Neo-Impressionist artistic styles of the late 19th century. Seurat's greatest contribution to modern art was his development of Pointillism, a style of painting in which small dots of paint were applied to create a cohesive image. Combining the science of optics with painterly emotion, Pointillism evoked a visual harmony never before seen in modern art.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism

Born: November 11, 1863 - Paris, France

Died: August 15, 1935 - Paris, France

Paul Signac was a major Post-Impressionist who along with Georges Seurat developed the painting style known as Neo-Impressionism (also known as Pointillism or Divisionism) in which small and precise dots of color were used to compose a large, bright, and colorful picture.

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French Painter

Movement: Post-Impressionism

Born: 24 November, 1864 - Albi, France

Died: 9 September, 1901 - Paris, France

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a Post-Impressionist artist who depicted the dancers, prostitutes, drinkers, and other characters of fin-de-siecle Paris. He is known for his paintings, his caricatures of friends, and his well-designed posters for Parisian dance halls.

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French Painter

Movements and Styles: Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Cubism, Expressionism

Born: Dec. 26, 1883 - Paris, France

Died: Nov. 5, 1955 - Dax, France

Maurice Utrillo was a French painter best-known for his cityscapes, particularly his scenes of the Montmartre district in Paris. Utrillo masterfully mixed classically accurate perspective with modern loose brushstrokes to create his deceptively simple scenes of the city executed in many of the styles of the modernists of his time.

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Dutch Draftsman and Painter

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Neo-Impressionism

Born: March 30, 1853 - Groot-Zundert, The Netherlands

Died: July 29, 1890 - Auvers-sur-Oise, France

Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch painter, commonly associated with the Post-Impressionist period. As one of the most prolific and experimental artists of his time, van Gogh was a spontaneous painter and a master of color and perspective. Troubled by personal demons all his life, many historians speculate that van Gogh suffered from a bipolar disorder.

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French Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Symbolism, Post-Impressionism

Born: November 11, 1868 - Cuiseaux, France

Died: June 21, 1940 - La Baule-Escoublac, France

Édouard Vuillard was a French Post-Impressionist painter especially known for his interiors and domestic scenes. A member of the Les Nabis group, his works are characterized by rough areas of color, pointillist daubs and dots, and decorative patterns that spread out across background fabrics and wallpaper.

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American Painter

Movements and Styles: Aesthetic Art, Realism, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism

Born: July 11, 1834 - Lowell, Massachusetts

Died: July 17, 1903 - London, England

James Whistler was a nineteenth-century American expatriate artist. Educated in France and later based in London, Whistler was a famous proponent of art-for-art's-sake, and an esteemed practictioner of tonal harmony. He was also known as an American Impressionist.

Post-Impressionism: 20 of 356 Total Artists

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