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Modern Artists in Post-Impressionism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Post-Impressionism movement. Read more about the movement on the Post-Impressionism Overview page.

Post-Impressionism: 15 of 282 Total Artists
Bernard, Émile Biography, Art & Analysis

Bernard, Émile

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Bernard, Émile Famous Art

Émile Bernard was a Post-Impressionist painter who had artistic friendships with Van Gogh, Gauguin, Eugene Boch, and Cézanne. He is also associated with the art movements Cloisonnism and Synthetism. Bernard also produced plays, poetry, and art criticism.

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Bonnard, Pierre Biography, Art & Analysis

Bonnard, Pierre

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Bonnard, Pierre Famous Art

The French artist Pierre Bonnard, although dismissed as old-fashioned by some of the avant-garde in his lifetime, was esteemed by contemporary colorists like Matisse. A member of the Nabis group in his youth, his innovative paintings play with light, decorative surfaces, and Impressionist techniques.

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Cézanne, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Cézanne, Paul

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Cézanne, Paul Famous Art

Paul Cézanne was an influential French Post-Impressionist painter whose depictions of the natural world, based on internal geometric planes, paved the way for Cubism and later modern art movements.

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Gauguin, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Gauguin, Paul

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Gauguin, Paul Famous Art

Paul Gauguin was a French Post-Impressionist artist who employed color fields and painterly strokes in his work. He is best known for his primitivist depictions of native life in Tahiti and Polynesia.

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Munch, Edvard Biography, Art & Analysis

Munch, Edvard

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Munch, Edvard Famous Art

Norweigan painter and printmaker Edvard Munch was a pioneer of the German Expressionist movement. His works such as The Scream explored deeply psychological concepts in a Symbolist style.

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Pissarro, Camille Biography, Art & Analysis

Pissarro, Camille

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Pissarro, Camille Famous Art

Camille Pissarro became a pivotal artist and mentor whose paintings are delicate studies of the effect of light on color in nature and the rural countryside.

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Rousseau, Henri Biography, Art & Analysis

Rousseau, Henri

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Rousseau, Henri Famous Art

Henri Rousseau was a French self-taught painter. His most famous works, done in his characteristic flat figurative style, show surreal and dream-like scenes in primitive or natural settings.

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Sérusier, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Sérusier, Paul

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Sérusier, Paul Famous Art

Paul Sérusier was a French Symbolist and Post-Impressionist painter, the founder of Les Nabis, and a key proponent of the late-nineteenth-century artistic movements Synthetism and Cloisonnism. Influenced by the work of Paul Gauguin, his innovative painting style incorporated vibrant color, abstract form, natural motifs, and religious themes.

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Seurat, Georges Biography, Art & Analysis

Seurat, Georges

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Seurat, Georges Famous Art

Georges Seurat was a French painter who gave rise to the Post- and Neo-Impressionist artistic styles of the late 19th century. Seurat's greatest contribution to modern art was his development of Pointillism, a style of painting in which small dots of paint were applied to create a cohesive image. Combining the science of optics with painterly emotion, Pointillism evoked a visual harmony never before seen in modern art.

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Signac, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Signac, Paul

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Signac, Paul Famous Art

Paul Signac was a major Post-Impressionist who along with Georges Seurat developed the painting style known as Neo-Impressionism (also known as Pointillism or Divisionism) in which small and precise dots of color were used to compose a large, bright, and colorful picture.

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Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Biography, Art & Analysis

Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri

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Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Famous Art

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a Post-Impressionist artist who depicted the dancers, prostitutes, drinkers, and other characters of fin-de-siecle Paris. He is known for his paintings, his caricatures of friends, and his well-designed posters for Parisian dance halls.

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Utrillo, Maurice Biography, Art & Analysis

Utrillo, Maurice

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Utrillo, Maurice Famous Art

Maurice Utrillo was a French painter best-known for his cityscapes, particularly his scenes of the Montmartre district in Paris. Utrillo masterfully mixed classically accurate perspective with modern loose brushstrokes to create his deceptively simple scenes of the city executed in many of the styles of the modernists of his time.

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Van Gogh, Vincent Biography, Art & Analysis

Van Gogh, Vincent

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Van Gogh, Vincent Famous Art

Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch painter, commonly associated with the Post-Impressionist period. As one of the most prolific and experimental artists of his time, van Gogh was a spontaneous painter and a master of color and perspective. Troubled by personal demons all his life, many historians speculate that van Gogh suffered from a bipolar disorder.

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Vuillard, Édouard Biography, Art & Analysis

Vuillard, Édouard

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Vuillard, Édouard Famous Art

Édouard Vuillard was a French Post-Impressionist painter especially known for his interiors and domestic scenes. A member of the Les Nabis group, his works are characterized by rough areas of color, pointillist daubs and dots, and decorative patterns that spread out across background fabrics and wallpaper.

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Whistler, James Biography, Art & Analysis

Whistler, James

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Whistler, James Famous Art

James Whistler was a nineteenth-century American expatriate artist. Educated in France and later based in London, Whistler was a famous proponent of art-for-art's-sake, and an esteemed practictioner of tonal harmony in his canvases, often characterized by his masterful use of blacks and greys, as seen in his most famous work, Whistler's Mother (1871). Whistler was also known as an American Impressionist, and in 1874 he famously turned down an invitation from Degas to exhibit his work with the French Impressionists.

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Post-Impressionism: 15 of 282 Total Artists



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