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World Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of achievements of artists across the world including The Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Hungary, Romania, Japan, China, Czech Republic, Bosnia, Aremenia, Mexico, Chile, Norway, and Ukraine. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

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Other Countries: 47 of 356 Total Artists
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Serbian-American Artist

Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Feminist Art

Born: November 30, 1946 - Belgrade, Yugoslavia

Marina Abramović's is one of the key artist in the performance art movement. Her work often involves putting herself in grave danger and performing lengthy, harmful routines that result in her being cut or burnt, or enduring some privation.

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Swedish Painter

Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Symbolism, Modernism and Modern Art, Abstract Art

Born: October 26, 1862 - Solna, Sweden

Died: October 21, 1944 - Sjursholm, Sweden

Hilma af Klint created abstract art before the first canvases by Kandinsky, becoming a pioneer in devotional, and yet scientific interpretations of nature.

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Chinese Conceptual Artist

Movement: Conceptual Art

Born: August 28, 1957 - Beijing, China

Ai Weiwei is a Chinese Conceptual artist and activist. His pieces explore many themes, including history, society, human rights, and the freedom of speech. Weiwei's open critique of the Chinese government has caused him many problems with Chinese authorities and challenged the establishment in an epic way.

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Swiss Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Romanticism, Symbolism

Born: October 16, 1827 - Basel, Switzerland

Died: January 16, 1901 - Fiesole, Italy

Arnold Bocklin was a Symbolist and Romantic Swiss painter whose mythological and fantastical figures are often combined with bizarre subject-matter.

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French-Romanian Photographer and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Dada, Cubism

Born: February 19, 1876 - Hobitza, Romania

Died: March 16, 1957 - Paris, France

Constantin Brancusi, a Romanian artist working in Paris, was one of the founders of modern sculpture. His abstracted animals, portrait busts, and totem-like figures revolutionized the traditional relationship between the sculpture and its base.

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Hungarian-American Designer, Sculptor, and Architect

Movements and Styles: Bauhaus, Modern Architecture

Born: May 21, 1902 - Pecs, Hungary

Died: July 1, 1981 - New York City, USA

Marcel Breuer's career touched nearly every aspect of three-dimensional design, from tiny utensils to the biggest buildings. Famously part of the Bauhaus school in Germany, Breuer was an influential Hungarian-born modernist that went on to teach many architects of the next generation.

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Belgian Conceptual Artist, Filmmaker and Poet

Movement: Conceptual Art

Born: January 28, 1924 - Brussels, Belgium

Died: January 28, 1976 - Cologne, Germany

Marcel Broodthaers was a Belgian poet, filmmaker and conceptual artist who was born in 1924. He worked principally with found objects and collage, which often contained text. His most noted work was an installation, Musée d'Art Moderne, Department of Eagles, which began in his Brussels home.

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Chinese Painter, Installation, and Performance Artist

Movements and Styles: Postmodernism, Installation Art, Conceptual Art, Land Art, Performance Art

Born: December 8, 1957 - Quanzhou, Fujian, China

Cai Guo-Qiang utilizes gunpowder and fireworks to offer a new form of performance and spectacle, in insight of the beauty in destruction.

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Bulgarian-American Sculptor, Photographer, and Conceptual Artist

Movements and Styles: Nouveau Réalisme, Environmental Art

Born: June 13, 1935 - Gabrovo, Bulgaria

Christo is a Bulgarian land and environmental artist, best known as one half of the married artist team Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Together, Christo and Jeanne-Claude created temporary land art installations, so grand in scale and ambition that controversy often followed. The best known examples of their work include Wrapped Coast (1969) in Little Bay, Australian, Wrapped Reichstag (1995) in Berlin, and The Gates (2004) in New York City.

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Brazilian Painter, Sculptor, Installation and Participatory Artist

Movement: Neoconcretism

Born: October 23, 1920 - Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Died: April 25, 1988 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Lygia Clark developed participatory art, explored organic and corporeal sculptural forms, and innovated therapeutic art practice.

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Belgian Painter

Movement: Surrealism

Born: September 23, 1897 - Antheit, Belgium

Died: July 20, 1994 - Veurne, Belgium

Paul Delvaux was a Belgian Surrealist interested in exploring humanity and the hidden recesses of the subconscious by creating eerie scenes with characters such as nude women and suited men in bowler hats.

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Greek-Spanish Painter, Sculptor, and Architect

Movement: Mannerism

Born: October 1, 1541 - Crete, Greece

Died: April 7, 1614 - Toledo, Spain

El Greco was a master artist who employed highly expressive techniques and elongated figures that both confounded his contemporaries and influenced later movements such as Expressionism and Cubism.

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Danish-Icelandic Sculptor, Painter, Photographer, and Designer

Movement: Installation Art

Born: February 5, 1967 - Copenhagen, Denmark

Olafur Eliasson is a Danish-Icelandic artist who is known for his sculptures and large-scale installations that create diverse pieces intended to propose critical interventions within existing social systems, an effort that is designed to inspire debate and fresh perceptions, or to catalyze change.

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Italian Painter, Sculptor, and Conceptual Artist

Movement: Modern Sculpture

Born: 1899 - Rosario de Santa Fe, Argentina

Died: 1968 - Comabbio, Varese, Italy

The Argentina-Italian Fontana was the founder of Spatialism movemnt and was closely tied to Arte Povera. In 1935 he joined the association Abstraction-Création in Paris, and from 1936 to 1949 made expressionist sculptures in ceramic and bronze.

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Swiss Sculptor and Painter

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Existentialism in Modern Art

Born: October 10, 1901 - Stampa, Graubunden, Switzerland

Died: January 11, 1966 - Chur, Graubunden, Switzerland

The Swiss artist Alberto Giacometti created semi-abstract sculptures that took up themes of violence, sex, and Surrealism. His famous later work is characterized by towering, elongated figures in bronze.

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Armenian-American Draftsman and Painter

Movements and Styles: Expressionism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism

Born: April 15, 1904 - near Van, Turkey

Died: July 21, 1948 - Sherman, Connecticut

Arshile Gorky was an Armenian-born American painter and was a major influence on the development of Abstract Expressionism. In his own art he fused elements of Cubism, Surrealism and Expressionism, and was close with key figures central to New York's burgeoning abstrct art scene, such as John Graham, Stuart Davis and Willem de Kooning.

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Ukranian-American Painter

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Cubism, Abstract Expressionism

Born: Disputed (August 7, 1881 or 1886-1888) - Kiev, Ukraine

Died: 1961 - London, UK

John Graham was a Ukrainian-born American painter and a key figure in the development of Abstract Expressionism. Never adopting a singular style in his own art, Graham tutored many young abstract artists on the tenets of Cubism and Surrealism, of which he was an expert. Willem de Kooning credited Graham as the person who discovered Jackson Pollock.

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Belgian Architect and Designer

Movements and Styles: Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Modern Architecture

Born: January 6, 1861 - Ghent, Belgium

Died: September 8, 1947 - Brussels, Belgium

Synonymous with Art Nouveau, Horta was one of the greatest innovators and pioneers of the movement, designing flamboyant, lush, and organic houses, buildings, and offices. His works are marked by their curvilinear botanic forms, most of which can still be seen in the city of Brussels.

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Swiss Painter, Designer, and Teacher

Movement: Bauhaus

Born: November 11, 1888 - Suderen-Linden, Switzerland

Died: March 25, 1967 - Zurich, Switzerland

Swiss expressionist painter and color theorist Johannes Itten was an influential teacher at the Bauhaus. He wrote influencial books and his biggest legacy is in the students that he influenced.

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Romanian-Israeli Painter, Sculptor, and Architect

Movements and Styles: Dada, Expressionism, Constructivism

Born: May 24, 1895 - Bucharest, Romania

Died: April 21, 1984 - Ein Hod, Israel

Marcel Janco was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect, and art theorist. He was the co-founder of Dada and a proponent of Constructivism in Western Europe, and his work was widely regarded as avant-garde and innovative.

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Other Countries: 47 of 356 Total Artists

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