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Modern Sculptors

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Modern Sculptors movement. Read more about the greatest achievement in sculpture on the Modern Sculptors Timeline page.

Modern Sculptors: 53 of 298 Total Artists
Andre, Carl Biography, Art & Analysis

Andre, Carl

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Andre, Carl Famous Art

Carl Andre is an American Minimalist whose prominence rose in the late 1960s with a series of large public artworks and sculpture. His linear sculpture was included in the famed 1966 Primary Structures group exhibition at the Jewish Museum.

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Arman Biography, Art & Analysis

Arman

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Arman Famous Art

Born Armand Pierre Fernandez, Arman is a French painter who moved from using the objects as paintbrushes, to using them as the painting itself. He is best known for his "accumulations" and destruction/recomposition of objects.

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Arp, Hans (Jean) Biography, Art & Analysis

Arp, Hans (Jean)

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Arp, Hans (Jean) Famous Art

Hans Arp (also known as Jean Arp) incorporated chance, randomness, and organic forms into his sculptures, paintings, and collages. He was involved with Zurich Dada, Surrealism, and the Abstraction-Creation movement.

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Benglis, Lynda Biography, Art & Analysis

Benglis, Lynda

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Benglis, Lynda Famous Art

Lynda Benglis is an American artist associated with process-based and anti-form art. Best known for her floor-based "spills" and latex sculptures, she adds a critical feminist perspective to post-minimalist work.

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Beuys, Joseph Biography, Art & Analysis

Beuys, Joseph

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Beuys, Joseph Famous Art

Joseph Beuys was a German multi- and mixed-media artist best known for incorporating ideas of humanism, social philosophy and politics into his art. Beuys practiced everything from installation and performance art to traditional painting and "social sculpture." He was continually motivated by the belief of universal human creativity.

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Boccioni, Umberto Biography, Art & Analysis

Boccioni, Umberto

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Boccioni, Umberto Famous Art

Umberto Boccioni was an Italian painter and sculptor. Like the other Futurists, his work centered on the portrayal of movement, speed, and technology. After moving to Milan in 1907, he became acquainted with the Futurists, including the famous poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, and became one of the movement's main theorists.

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Bourgeois, Louise Biography, Art & Analysis

Bourgeois, Louise

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Bourgeois, Louise Famous Art

Louise Bourgeois is a French contemporary artist whose work adds a feminist perspective to Surrealism's themes of sex, childhood, and the uncanny. She is best known for her installation 'Cells' and her large-scale spider sculptures.

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Brancusi, Constantin Biography, Art & Analysis

Brancusi, Constantin

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Brancusi, Constantin Famous Art

Constantin Brancusi, a Romanian artist working in Paris, was one of the founders of modern sculpture. His abstracted animals, portrait busts, and totem-like figures revolutionized the traditional relationship between the sculpture and its base.

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Breuer, Marcel Biography, Art & Analysis

Breuer, Marcel

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Breuer, Marcel Famous Art

Marcel Breuer's career touched nearly every aspect of three-dimensional design, from tiny utensils to the biggest buildings. Famously part of the Bauhaus school in Germany, Breuer was an influential Hungarian-born modernist that went on to teach many architects of the next generation.

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Broodthaers, Marcel Biography, Art & Analysis

Broodthaers, Marcel

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Broodthaers, Marcel Famous Art

Marcel Broodthaers was a Belgian poet, filmmaker and conceptual artist who was born in 1924. He worked principally with found objects and collage, which often contained text. His most noted work was an installation, Musée d'Art Moderne, Department of Eagles, which began in his Brussels home.

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Calder, Alexander Biography, Art & Analysis

Calder, Alexander

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Calder, Alexander Famous Art

Alexander Calder was an American artist who made important contributions to abstract sculpture, hanging mobiles, and kinetic art. His work reflects both modern and Surrealist influences.

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Chamberlain, John Biography, Art & Analysis

Chamberlain, John

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Chamberlain, John Famous Art

John Chamberlain is best known for his sculptures made of crushed and twisted automobile parts, works that bring the formal qualities of Abstract Expressionist painting into three dimensions.

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Cornell, Joseph Biography, Art & Analysis

Cornell, Joseph

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Cornell, Joseph Famous Art

Joseph Cornell was an American artist, best known for his collage work and "shadow boxes," which were highly complex diorama-like constructions. Cornell incorporated found objects, old photos, newspaper clippings and other objects into these boxes, resulting in uniquely surreal, three-dimensional worlds. Cornell was one of the few American artists associated with Surrealism.

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Dalí, Salvador Biography, Art & Analysis

Dalí, Salvador

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Dalí, Salvador Famous Art

Salvador Dalí was a Spanish Surrealist painter who combined a hyperrealist style with dream-like, sexualized subject matter. His collaborations with Hollywood and commercial ventures, alongside his notoriously dramatic personality, earned him scorn from some Surrealist colleagues.

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De Maria, Walter Biography, Art & Analysis

De Maria, Walter

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De Maria, Walter Famous Art

Walter de Maria is an American sculptor, composer, and multi-media artist. His works have been characterized as Minimalist, Installation, Land art, Neo-Dada, and Conceptualist. De Maria's best known work is The Lightning Field (1977), consisting of 400 lightning rods situated on a field in New Mexico.

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De Saint Phalle, Niki Biography, Art & Analysis

De Saint Phalle, Niki

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De Saint Phalle, Niki Famous Art

Niki de Saint Phalle explored the various roles and representations of women in society. Her innovative use of found objects, unconventional materials, natural environments, graphic aesthetics, and assemblage in her art made her a prominent figure of 1960s Nouveau Realisme.

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Degas, Edgar Biography, Art & Analysis

Degas, Edgar

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Degas, Edgar Famous Art

Edgar Degas was a French Impressionist painter, printmaker and sculptor with an extraordinarily long career from the mid 19th century until after WWI. As one of the original group of Impressionists, although he preferred to be called a Realist, he traveled widely and employed the use of photography in his creative process. He is most renowned for his painting and drawings of ballet dancers in rehearsal and performances in the theatre.

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Di Suvero, Mark Biography, Art & Analysis

Di Suvero, Mark

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Di Suvero, Mark Famous Art

Mark di Suvero is best known for his large-scale non-objective works that have been tied to Constructivism, Conceptualism, and Abstract Expressionism. Using materials such as railroad ties, steel and scrap metal, many of di Suvero's works contain moving parts and flowing curves.

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Dubuffet, Jean Biography, Art & Analysis

Dubuffet, Jean

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Dubuffet, Jean Famous Art

Jean Dubuffet was a French painter and sculptor, and arguably one of the most famous French artists of the mid-to-late-20th century. Dubuffet's paintings employed the impasto technique, in which oil paints were thickened by materials such as sand, tar and straw. He coined the term "Art Brut," otherwise known as "raw art."

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Duchamp, Marcel Biography, Art & Analysis

Duchamp, Marcel

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Duchamp, Marcel Famous Art

The French artist Marcel Duchamp was an instrumental figure in the avant-garde art worlds of Paris and New York. Moving through Dada, Surrealism, readymades, sculpture, and installation, his work involves conceptual play and an implicit attack on bourgeois art sensibilities.

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Modern Sculptors: 53 of 298 Total Artists



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