Modern Artists Full List Modern Photographers

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Modern Photographers

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of artists central to Modern And Contemporary Photography.

Modern Photography: 37 of 313 Total Artists
Arbus, Diane Biography, Art & Analysis

Arbus, Diane

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Arbus, Diane Famous Art

Diane Arbus is recognized for her insightful street-based compositions and black-and-white portraits of marginalized individuals on the fringes of mainstream society, including images of nudists, transvestites, and mentally and physically handicapped people.

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Atget, Eugène Biography, Art & Analysis

Atget, Eugène

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Atget, Eugène Famous Art

Eugène Atget was a French photographer who in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century carefully and comprehensively documented the street scenes, architecture and artists of Paris. Atget, whose work was characterized by long exposure, famously sold his photographs to a great number of Parisian artists, including Man Ray, which were used as visual aids for painting.

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Avedon, Richard Biography, Art & Analysis

Avedon, Richard

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Avedon, Richard Famous Art

Richard Avedon revolutionized fashion photography by enlivening his models, by showing them in movement. He also excelled in black-and-white portraiture - celebraties and common folk were exhibited in psychologoically revealing ways. His large and powerful body of work makes Avedon one of the most famous photographers of all time.

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Baroness Freytag-Loringhoven Biography, Art & Analysis

Baroness Freytag-Loringhoven

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Baroness Freytag-Loringhoven Famous Art

Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, the provocateur and essential catalyst for New York Dada movement, upended notions of what was considered art.

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Bellmer, Hans Biography, Art & Analysis

Bellmer, Hans

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Bellmer, Hans Famous Art

Hans Bellmer was a twentieth-century German avant-garde photographer and draughtsman, commonly associated with the Surrealism movement. Bellmer is best known for creating a series of pubescent female dolls in the 1930s, which were designed as a direct criticism of Nazi-controlled Germany and its idealization of the perfect human form. Bellmer eventually fled Germany for Paris and was embraced by Breton and the French Surrealists.

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Cahun, Claude Biography, Art & Analysis

Cahun, Claude

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Cahun, Claude Famous Art

Cahun's photographs are renowned for blurring the lines between gender and sexuality, as illustrated in her Surrealist-inspired and non-gender specific photomontages and self-portraits.

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Cartier-Bresson, Henri Biography, Art & Analysis

Cartier-Bresson, Henri

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Cartier-Bresson, Henri Famous Art

The French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson defined the field of photojournalism and created some of the most memorable photos of the greatest world events of his era. He also brilliantly captured "the decisive moment", the split second when an intersting and powerful composition is best photographed.

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Dalí, Salvador Biography, Art & Analysis

Dalí, Salvador

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Dalí, Salvador Famous Art

Salvador Dalí was a Spanish Surrealist painter who combined a hyperrealist style with dream-like, sexualized subject matter. His collaborations with Hollywood and commercial ventures, alongside his notoriously dramatic personality, earned him scorn from some Surrealist colleagues.

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Eggleston, William Biography, Art & Analysis

Eggleston, William

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Eggleston, William Famous Art

Eggelston's photographs focused on capturing Southern life and America's turn to consumerism. He is credited with increasing the recognition of color photography as an art form.

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Evans, Walker Biography, Art & Analysis

Evans, Walker

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Evans, Walker Famous Art

The photographs of Walker Evans told the story of American working-class life with an exacting frankness that was truly revolutionary for its time. He is best well-known for his documentation of the effects of the Great Depression, especially for the iconic portrait of Southern Farmer's wife.

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Feininger, Lyonel Biography, Art & Analysis

Feininger, Lyonel

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Feininger, Lyonel Famous Art

Lyonel Feininger was a German-American painter and caricaturist associated with the Die Brucke and Der Blaue Rider groups. He painted in an original style reminiscent of Cubism and Futurism, but he is most famous for helping Walter Gropius build the Bauhaus school where Feininger taught until the school was closed down by the Nazis.

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Gursky, Andreas Biography, Art & Analysis

Gursky, Andreas

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Gursky, Andreas Famous Art

Gursky's massive and distanced surveys of public spaces, landscapes, and structures contributed to new picture taking in contrast to the Minimalism and Conceptualism of the 1970s.

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Kruger, Barbara Biography, Art & Analysis

Kruger, Barbara

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Kruger, Barbara Famous Art

Barbara Kruger is an American conceptual artist. Much of Kruger's work merges found photographs taken from existing sources with pithy and aggressive text. Her captions engage the viewer in the work's greater struggle for power and control.

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Lange, Dorothea Biography, Art & Analysis

Lange, Dorothea

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Lange, Dorothea Famous Art

Dorothea Lange's images of Depression America made her one of the most acclaimed documentary photographers of the twentieth century. She went on to become a leading photo-journalist working for magazines such as Fortune and Life.

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Leibovitz, Annie Biography, Art & Analysis

Leibovitz, Annie

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Leibovitz, Annie Famous Art

Annie Leibovitz started her career as staff photographer, working for the just launched Rolling Stone magazine. She went on to become a comercial photographer for Vogue magazine, the most though-out image maker in the industry - and ones included many of her professional (celebrity) photographs as well as numerous personal photographs often attained the status of fine art.

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Levine, Sherrie Biography, Art & Analysis

Levine, Sherrie

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Levine, Sherrie Famous Art

Levine is an American photographer, appropriation artist, and seminal figure of The Pictures Generation group. The subject of much controversy in the 1980s, Levine is best known for her rephotographs of work by Edward Weston, Vincent van Gogh, and Marcel Duchamp.

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Levitt, Helen Biography, Art & Analysis

Levitt, Helen

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Levitt, Helen Famous Art

Helen Levitt photographed the streets of New York, first focusing on children's street culture then expanding to the whole of New York urban life. She also worked in film, receiving an Oscar nomination for The Quiet One.

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Lissitzky, El Biography, Art & Analysis

Lissitzky, El

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Lissitzky, El Famous Art

El Lissitzky was a Russian avant-garde painter, photographer, architect and designer. Along with his mentor Kazimir Malevich, Lissitzky helped found Suprematism. His art often employed the use of clean lines and simple geometric forms, and expressed a fascination with Jewish culture. Lissitzky was also a major influence on the Bauhaus school of artists and the Constructivist movement.

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Mapplethorpe, Robert Biography, Art & Analysis

Mapplethorpe, Robert

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Mapplethorpe, Robert Famous Art

Robert Mapplethorpe was an American photographer known for his large-scale, highly stylized black and white portraits, photos of flowers and nude men. The frank, homosexual eroticism of some his work triggered a more general controversy about the public funding of artworks and censorship.

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Mendieta, Ana Biography, Art & Analysis

Mendieta, Ana

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Mendieta, Ana Famous Art

Ana Mendieta was a Cuban-American performance artist who created work in the late twentieth century focusing on violence against the female body, as well as pieces involving a close connection with nature and the landscape.

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Modern Photography: 37 of 313 Total Artists



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