Modern Artists Full List Modern Landscape Painters


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Modern Landscape Painters

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the modern artists that painted various types of landscapes. We also have movement pages on the landscape movements: Luminism, Hudson River School, and Impressionism.

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Landscape Painters: 53 of 355 Total Artists

American Painter and Muralist

Movements and Styles: American Regionalism, Synchromism

Born: April 15, 1889 - Neosho, Missouri

Died: January 19, 1975 - Kansas City, Missouri

Thomas Hart Benton was an American painter whose rural and industrial subjects, grand-scale murals, and figurative style were hallmarks of American Regionalism.


French Painter, Engraver, Poet, Writer, and Art Critic

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Cloisonnism, Synthetism, Symbolism

Born: April 28, 1868 - Lille, France

Died: April 16, 1941 - Paris, France

Émile Bernard was a Post-Impressionist painter who had artistic friendships with Van Gogh, Gauguin, Eugene Boch, and Cézanne. He is also associated with the art movements Cloisonnism and Synthetism. Bernard also produced plays, poetry, and art criticism.


French Painter and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Les Nabis, Symbolism

Born: October 3, 1867 - Fontenay-aux-Roses, France

Died: January 23, 1947 - Le Cannet, France

The French artist Pierre Bonnard, although dismissed as old-fashioned by some of the avant-garde in his lifetime, was esteemed by contemporary colorists like Matisse. A member of the Nabis group in his youth, his innovative paintings play with light, decorative surfaces, and Impressionist techniques.


British Painter and Decorative Artist

Movement: Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: March 29, 1893 - Hereford, England

Died: March 11, 1932 - Newbury, England

Beyond her dramatic biography and personality, Carrington brought a unique blend of styles to her work, drawing from movements as disparate as Impressionism, Primitivism, and Surrealism. Her sensitive rendering of her subjects reveals an artist with a keen eye who made an unrivalled contribution to European art of the early twentieth century.


French Draftsman and Painter

Movement: Post-Impressionism

Born: January 19, 1839 - Aix-en-Provence, France

Died: October 22, 1906 - Aix-en-Provence, France

Paul Cézanne was an influential French Post-Impressionist painter whose depictions of the natural world, based on internal geometric planes, paved the way for Cubism and later modern art movements.


British Painter

Movement: Romanticism

Born: June 11, 1776 - East Bergholt, Suffolk, England

Died: March 31, 1837 - London, England

John Constable was an English Romantic painter chiefly known for his landscape paintings of the area surrounding his English home. His work remained largely unnoticed in England, but he was very influencial on the Barbizon School and the Impressionists in France.


Spanish Painter, Sculptor, Filmmaker, Printmaker, and Performance Artist

Movement: Surrealism

Born: May 11, 1904 - Figueras, Catalonia, Spain

Died: January 23, 1989 - Figueras, Catalonia, Spain

Salvador Dalí was a Spanish Surrealist painter who combined a hyperrealist style with dream-like, sexualized subject matter. His collaborations with Hollywood and commercial ventures, alongside his notoriously dramatic personality, earned him scorn from some Surrealist colleagues.


French Painter, Graphic Designer, and Writer

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Cubism

Born: April 4, 1876 - Paris, France

Died: October 11, 1958 - Rueil-la-Gadelière

Maurice de Vlaminck was a French painter was a prominent member of the Fauvist movement, along with Matisse and Derain. De Vlaminck's best known work is characterized by a bold usage of reds, oranges and yellows, with a preference for rolling landscapes and woodland scenes.


French Painter

Movement: Romanticism

Born: April 26, 1798 - Charenton Saint Maurice, Paris, France

Died: August 24, 1863 - Paris, France

Eugène Delacroix's powerfully depicted love, war, and human sensuality, earning the artist both praise and controversy in his time. His preoccupation with color-induced optical effects and use of expressive brushstrokes were crucial influences on Impressionism and Pointillism.


French Painter, Writer, Set Designer, Illustrator, and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Divisionism, Cubism

Born: June 17, 1880 - Chatou, France

Died: September 8, 1954 - Garches, France

André Derain, the co-founder of Fauvism, was a French artist whose paintings exhibit the writhing energetic lines and bright colors characteristic of the movement. He strove to keep art modern and current throughout his career.

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American Painter

Movement: Abstract Expressionism

Born: April 22, 1922 - Portland, Oregon

Died: March 20, 1993 - Berkeley, California

Richard Diebenkorn was an American painter who helped pioneer the California-based movement of Abstract Expressionism, and later the Bay Area Figurative Movement. In all his work, Diebenkorn used the natural environment as his chief inspiration and applied soft, naturalistic color fields to the canvas.


French Painter, Printmaker, and Textile Designer

Movements and Styles: Fauvism, Cubism, Art Deco

Born: June 3, 1877 - Le Havre, France

Died: March 23, 1953 - Forcalquier, France

Raoul Dufy was a French painter primarily associated with the short-lived, but important, Fauvist movement. Dufy's colorful outdoor scenes depicting gardens, social events and busy seascapes are his most famous, yet he also created popular fabric designs.


American Painter, Photographer, and Teacher

Movements and Styles: Realism, Early American Modernism

Born: July 25,1844 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Died: June 25, 1916 - Philadelphia Pennsylvania

Thomas Eakins was renowned as an influential Realist painter, his many portraits famously depicted the streets, parlors, natural scenery and citizens of his native Philadelphia. Eakins was known as a master of light, shadow and movement, and for capturing simple scenes that evoked complex themes.


German Painter and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Dada, Surrealism

Born: April 2, 1891 - Bruhl, Germany

Died: April 1, 1976 - Paris, France

Max Ernst was a German Dadaist and Surrealist whose paintings and collages combine dream-like realism, automatic techniques, and eerie subject matter.


Dutch Printmaker, Draftsman, and Illustrator

Movements and Styles: Op Art, Surrealism, Expressionism

Born: June 17, 1898 - Leeuwarden, Netherlands

Died: March 27, 1972 - Laren, North Holland, Netherlands

Escher created 'impossible constructions' and images which utilize mathematical shapes, architecture, and perspective to create a visual enigma.


American Painter

Movements and Styles: Abstract Expressionism, Color Field Painting

Born: December 12, 1928 - New York, New York

Died: December 27, 2011 - Darien, Connecticut

Helen Frankenthaler was an American abstract painter in mid-20th-century New York. Along with Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland, Frankenthaler is considered a pioneer in the practice of color-field painting.


German Painter

Movement: Romanticism

Born: September 5, 1774 - Greifswald, Swedish Pomerania (present day Germany)

Died: May 7, 1840 - Dresden, Germany

Friedrich was a German Romantic landscape painter, and considered by many academics to be the finest German painter of his time. Like his contemporaries JMW Turner and John Constable, Friedrich's paintings portrayed the awesome power of nature with sublime, divine presence.


British Painter

Movements and Styles: Rococo, Realism, Romanticism

Born: May 14, 1727 - Sudbury, England

Died: August 2, 1788 - London, England

Thomas Gainsborough was an English portrait and landscape painter, as well as a founding member of the Royal Academy. Gainsborough's works were celebrated all over England; he was considered to be the preeminent British painter of his time.


French Draftsman, Painter, Printmaker, and Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Post-Impressionism, Symbolism

Born: June 7, 1848 - Paris, France

Died: May 8, 1903 - Atuona, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia

Paul Gauguin was a French Post-Impressionist artist who employed color fields and painterly strokes in his work. He is best known for his primitivist depictions of native life in Tahiti and Polynesia.


French Painter

Movement: Romanticism

Born: September 26, 1791 - Rouen, France

Died: January 26, 1824 - Paris, France

Géricault was a French painter and lithographer during the early nineteenth century. Heavily influenced by the Flemish master Peter Paul Rubens and the Baroque paintings of Velasquez, Gericault became a pioneer in the Romantic period of French painting - as highlighted in his master work: Raft of the Medusa.

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Landscape Painters: 53 of 355 Total Artists

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