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Modern Artists in Impressionism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Impressionism movement. Read more about the movement on the Impressionism Overview page.

Impressionism: 17 of 310 Total Artists
Bazille, Frédéric Biography, Art & Analysis

Bazille, Frédéric

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Bazille, Frédéric Famous Art

Frédéric Bazille was an Impressionist and Realist painter who came from a wealthy background and was able to help his fellow artists, including Monet, Sisley, and Manet with money and materials. His career and life were cut short, dying in battle during the Franco-Prussian War at just 29 years old.

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Bracquemond, Marie Biography, Art & Analysis

Bracquemond, Marie

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Bracquemond, Marie Famous Art

The Impressionist Marie Bracquemond was a student of the classical master Ingres, and built upon the work of other Impressionist greats such as Monet, Degas, and Gauguin. As the other female Impressionists, Bracquemond was limitted in her choice of subject matter, and thus explored domestic themes and scenes of "polite" society.

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Caillebotte, Gustave Biography, Art & Analysis

Caillebotte, Gustave

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Caillebotte, Gustave Famous Art

Gustave Caillebotte was a nineteenth-century French painter and one of the Impressionist artists, though his style resembled Realism more than Impressionism. Caillebotte was also an early practitioner of using photography for composing his images, a prominent art patron, and an outspoken supporter of other Impressionists like Pissarro, Monet, and Renoir. His vast wealth also allowed Caillebotte to fund several exhibitions of Impressionist art, and to convince the Louvre to acquire many important works.

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Cassatt, Mary Biography, Art & Analysis

Cassatt, Mary

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Cassatt, Mary Famous Art

Mary Cassatt was an American painter and printmaker active in France in the late nineteenth century. She was closely associated with Impressionism, and her signature subjects were intimate, domestic scenes of women, mothers, and children.

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Cézanne, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Cézanne, Paul

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Cézanne, Paul Famous Art

Paul Cézanne was an influential French Post-Impressionist painter whose depictions of the natural world, based on internal geometric planes, paved the way for Cubism and later modern art movements.

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Degas, Edgar Biography, Art & Analysis

Degas, Edgar

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Degas, Edgar Famous Art

Edgar Degas was a French Impressionist painter, printmaker and sculptor with an extraordinarily long career from the mid 19th century until after WWI. As one of the original group of Impressionists, although he preferred to be called a Realist, he traveled widely and employed the use of photography in his creative process. He is most renowned for his painting and drawings of ballet dancers in rehearsal and performances in the theatre.

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Glackens, William Biography, Art & Analysis

Glackens, William

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Glackens, William Famous Art

Glackens invigorated American painting, developed Impressionism, joined the Ashcan School, and focused on scenes of leisure rather than the slums that his peers preferred.

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Gonzalès, Eva Biography, Art & Analysis

Gonzalès, Eva

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Gonzalès, Eva Famous Art

Eva Gonzalès was a French Impressionist painter. She was Édouard Manet's only formal student, painting in a similar style to him, and frequently modeling for him as well. Gonzales explored domestic themes and other (limitted) topics that were available to women at the time.

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Hassam, Childe Biography, Art & Analysis

Hassam, Childe

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Hassam, Childe Famous Art

Childe Hassam is one of the giants of American Impressionism - he turned his art into an industry that mirrored the rapid industrialization of America at the turn of the twentieth century. In hundreds of works, he strove to depict both the frenzied pace of city life as well as the unspoiled expanses of nature.Impressionism Landscape Painting Political Art American

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Manet, Édouard Biography, Art & Analysis

Manet, Édouard

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Manet, Édouard Famous Art

Édouard Manet was a French painter and a prominent figure in the mid-19th-century Realist movement of French art. Manet's paintings are considered among the first works of art in the modern era, due to his rough painting style and absence of idealism in his figures. Manet was a close friend of and major influence on younger artists who founded Impressionism such as Monet, Degas, and Renoir.

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Monet, Claude Biography, Art & Analysis

Monet, Claude

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Monet, Claude Famous Art

Claude Monet was a French artist who helped pioneer the painterly effects and emphasis on light, atmosphere, and plein air technique that became hallmarks of Impressionism. He is especially known for his series of haystacks and cathedrals at different times of day, and for his late Waterlilies.

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Morisot, Berthe Biography, Art & Analysis

Morisot, Berthe

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Morisot, Berthe Famous Art

Berthe Morisot came from a family with a long history of successful painters. She was the only woman painter accepted and respected by the Impressionist circle. Morisot served as a model for Manet, married his brother, and went on to have a meaningful art career herself.

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Pissarro, Camille Biography, Art & Analysis

Pissarro, Camille

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Pissarro, Camille Famous Art

Camille Pissarro became a pivotal artist and mentor whose paintings are delicate studies of the effect of light on color in nature and the rural countryside.

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Renoir, Pierre-Auguste Biography, Art & Analysis

Renoir, Pierre-Auguste

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Renoir, Pierre-Auguste Famous Art

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was one of the leading figures of French Impressionism during the late-nineteenth century. Renoir tended to favor outdoor scenes, gardens bathed in sunlight, and large gatherings of people. Known as a master of light, shadow and color, Renoir was also highly esteemed for his depiction of natural movement on the canvas. In terms of the French Impressionists' lasting popularity and fame, Renoir is perhaps second only to Monet.

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Sargent, John Singer Biography, Art & Analysis

Sargent, John Singer

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Sargent, John Singer Famous Art

John Singer Sargent was the premiere portraitist of his generation, well-known for his depictions of high society figures in Paris, London, and New York. He updated a centuries-old tradition in order to capture his sitters' character and even reputation.

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Sisley, Alfred Biography, Art & Analysis

Sisley, Alfred

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Sisley, Alfred Famous Art

Alfred Sisley was an English Impressionist landscape painter who spent much of his life working in France. As an enthusiast of plein air painting, Sisley was among the group of artists that included Monet, Renoir and Pissarro who dedicated themselves to capturing the transient effects of sunlight. He was a true Impressionist and committed landscape painter who never deviated from this style or subject into figurative work like many of his contemporaries.

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Utrillo, Maurice Biography, Art & Analysis

Utrillo, Maurice

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Utrillo, Maurice Famous Art

Maurice Utrillo was a French painter best-known for his cityscapes, particularly his scenes of the Montmartre district in Paris. Utrillo masterfully mixed classically accurate perspective with modern loose brushstrokes to create his deceptively simple scenes of the city executed in many of the styles of the modernists of his time.

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Impressionism: 17 of 310 Total Artists



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