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Modern Artists Full List German and Austrian Modern Artists

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German and Austrian Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of the achievements of German and Austrian artists. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

German and Austrian: 28 of 298 Total Artists
Albers, Anni Biography, Art & Analysis

Albers, Anni

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Albers, Anni Famous Art

German-American designer and textile artist Anni Albers was the wife of Josef Albers and an influential artist in her own right. Her work brought together good design and modern materials with the Bauhaus design ethos, where she studied and taught before moving to the United States.

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Albers, Josef Biography, Art & Analysis

Albers, Josef

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Albers, Josef Famous Art

Josef Albers was a German-born American painter and teacher. Celebrated as a geometric abstractionist and influential instructor at Black Mountain College, Albers directly influenced such artists as Rauschenberg, Twombly and Ray Johnson.

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Arp, Hans (Jean) Biography, Art & Analysis

Arp, Hans (Jean)

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Arp, Hans (Jean) Famous Art

Hans Arp (also known as Jean Arp) incorporated chance, randomness, and organic forms into his sculptures, paintings, and collages. He was involved with Zurich Dada, Surrealism, and the Abstraction-Creation movement.

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Ball, Hugo Biography, Art & Analysis

Ball, Hugo

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Ball, Hugo Famous Art

Hugo Ball was a German-born author, poet and artist who is credited with leading the Dada movement in Zurich. In 1916, Ball penned the first Dada Manifesto, and claimed that he coined the term 'Dada' by randomly choosing the word from the dictionary.

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Baselitz, Georg Biography, Art & Analysis

Baselitz, Georg

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Baselitz, Georg Famous Art

Georg Baselitz is a 20th-century German painter and sculptor, and was an originator of the Neo-Expressionist group "Neue Wilden," which focused on subject-based painting and the importance of color. Much of Baselitz's work is noted for its provocative subject matter, often sexual or overtly dark in nature.

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Beckmann, Max Biography, Art & Analysis

Beckmann, Max

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Beckmann, Max Famous Art

Max Beckmann was a German artist, writer, and philosopher commonly associated with the Expressionist movement of the early twentieth century. He abhorred the label 'Expressionism', but juxtaposed scenes from reality by layering figures, colors, and shadows.

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Bellmer, Hans Biography, Art & Analysis

Bellmer, Hans

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Bellmer, Hans Famous Art

Hans Bellmer was a twentieth-century German avant-garde photographer and draughtsman, commonly associated with the Surrealism movement. Bellmer is best known for creating a series of pubescent female dolls in the 1930s, which were designed as a direct criticism of Nazi-controlled Germany and its idealization of the perfect human form. Bellmer eventually fled Germany for Paris and was embraced by Breton and the French Surrealists.

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Beuys, Joseph Biography, Art & Analysis

Beuys, Joseph

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Beuys, Joseph Famous Art

Joseph Beuys was a German multi- and mixed-media artist best known for incorporating ideas of humanism, social philosophy and politics into his art. Beuys practiced everything from installation and performance art to traditional painting and "social sculpture." He was continually motivated by the belief of universal human creativity.

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Dix, Otto Biography, Art & Analysis

Dix, Otto

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Dix, Otto Famous Art

Otto Dix is one of modern painting's most savage satirists. After many artists had abandoned portraiture for abstraction in the 1910s, Dix injected sharp caricatures into his pictures of some of the leading lights of German society. His other narrative subjects are remembered for their indictment of corrupt and immoral life in the modern city.

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Ernst, Max Biography, Art & Analysis

Ernst, Max

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Ernst, Max Famous Art

Max Ernst was a German Dadaist and Surrealist whose paintings and collages combine dream-like realism, automatic techniques, and eerie subject matter.

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Feininger, Lyonel Biography, Art & Analysis

Feininger, Lyonel

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Feininger, Lyonel Famous Art

Lyonel Feininger was a German-American painter and caricaturist associated with the Die Brucke and Der Blaue Rider groups. He painted in an original style reminiscent of Cubism and Futurism, but he is most famous for helping Walter Gropius build the Bauhaus school where Feininger taught until the school was closed down by the Nazis.

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Grosz, George Biography, Art & Analysis

Grosz, George

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Grosz, George Famous Art

George Grosz was a German Dada and Neue Sachlichkeit artist. He was enamored of America and highly critical of Weimar society. Grosz immigrated to the United States just as Hitler came to power and opened a private art school in Des Moines.

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Gursky, Andreas Biography, Art & Analysis

Gursky, Andreas

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Gursky, Andreas Famous Art

Gursky's massive and distanced surveys of public spaces, landscapes, and structures contributed to new picture taking in contrast to the Minimalism and Conceptualism of the 1970s.

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Höch, Hannah Biography, Art & Analysis

Höch, Hannah

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Höch, Hannah Famous Art

Hannah Hoch was a German-born Dada artist. She and Raoul Hausmann were among the first artists to work in photomontage. Hoch is most famous for her works dating from the Weimar years, most notably 1919's 'Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany,' which critiqued Weimar Germany.

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Hofmann, Hans Biography, Art & Analysis

Hofmann, Hans

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Hofmann, Hans Famous Art

German-born American painter, art teacher and theorist. Hofmann matured as an artist in 1904-14 in Paris, where he met many of the greatest artists of that time. After he emigrated to America in the early 1930s he enjoyed a prominent career as a teacher, powerfully influencing many Abstract Expressionists with his understanding of European modernism.

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Kandinsky, Wassily Biography, Art & Analysis

Kandinsky, Wassily

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Kandinsky, Wassily Famous Art

A member of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter, and later a teacher at the Bauhaus, Kandinsky is best known for his pioneering breakthrough into expressive abstraction in 1913. His work prefigures that of the American Abstract Expressionists.

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Kiefer, Anselm Biography, Art & Analysis

Kiefer, Anselm

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Kiefer, Anselm Famous Art

Anselm Kiefer is a German painter and sculptor, and was a pioneer of the late-twentieth-century movement Neo-Expressionism. Kiefer's mixed-media art typically incorporates straw, clay, lead and shellac, in addition to traditional paint and canvas. The themes of his work often focus on the atrocities of the Holocaust, as well as the occult, cosmos, and mythology.

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Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig Biography, Art & Analysis

Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig

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Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig Famous Art

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was one of the driving forces in the Die Brücke group that flourished in Dresden and Berlin before WWI, and one of the most talented and influential of the Expressionists.

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Klee, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Klee, Paul

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Klee, Paul Famous Art

The Swiss-born painter Paul Klee worked in a variety of styles, including expressionism, geometric abstraction, and collage. His most famous works have a mystical quality and make use of linear and pictorial symbols.

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Klimt, Gustav Biography, Art & Analysis

Klimt, Gustav

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Klimt, Gustav Famous Art

Austrian painter Gustav Klimt was the most renowned advocator of Art Nouveau in Vienna, and is remembered as one of the greatest decorative painters of the twentieth century. He also produced one of the century's most significant bodies of erotic art.

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German and Austrian: 28 of 298 Total Artists



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