Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Expressionism

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Modern Artists in Expressionism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Expressionism movement. Read more about the movement on the Expressionism Overview page.

Expressionism: 18 of 313 Total Artists
Af Klint, Hilma Biography, Art & Analysis

Af Klint, Hilma

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Af Klint, Hilma Famous Art

Hilma af Klint created abstract art before the first canvases by Kandinsky, becoming a pioneer in devotional, and yet scientific interpretations of nature.

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Bacon, Francis Biography, Art & Analysis

Bacon, Francis

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Bacon, Francis Famous Art

Francis Bacon was an Irish-born, English painter and one of the 20th century's most celebrated and controversial existentialist artists. Bacon favored dark subject matter, often painting slightly abstracted, biomorphic figures, with bodies contorted or in the throes of madness. Painterly themes of Bacon's include the crucifixion, isolation and the mind's fragility. Bacon was also one of the few English artists of any prominence in modern and contemporary circles during the better part of the 20th century.Expressionism Portraiture British

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Beckmann, Max Biography, Art & Analysis

Beckmann, Max

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Beckmann, Max Famous Art

Max Beckmann was a German artist, writer, and philosopher commonly associated with the Expressionist movement of the early twentieth century. He abhorred the label 'Expressionism', but juxtaposed scenes from reality by layering figures, colors, and shadows.

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Braque, Georges Biography, Art & Analysis

Braque, Georges

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Braque, Georges Famous Art

Georges Braque was a modern French painter who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed analytic Cubism and Cubist collage in the early twentieth century.

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Chagall, Marc Biography, Art & Analysis

Chagall, Marc

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Chagall, Marc Famous Art

Marc Chagall was a Russian-born, Jewish-French artist that reached great popularity during the 20th century. Although his art is associated with several movements, Chagall is commonly grouped in with the German Expressionists. Much of his early work was credited with synthesizing visual elements of Cubism, Symbolism and Fauvism.

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Ensor, James Biography, Art & Analysis

Ensor, James

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Ensor, James Famous Art

James Ensor's complex use of allegory and eccentric subject matter, such as carnivals, puppetry, and skeletons, made him one of the nineteenth century's most innovative and important visual artists.

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Feininger, Lyonel Biography, Art & Analysis

Feininger, Lyonel

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Feininger, Lyonel Famous Art

Lyonel Feininger was a German-American painter and caricaturist associated with the Die Brucke and Der Blaue Rider groups. He painted in an original style reminiscent of Cubism and Futurism, but he is most famous for helping Walter Gropius build the Bauhaus school where Feininger taught until the school was closed down by the Nazis.

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Kandinsky, Wassily Biography, Art & Analysis

Kandinsky, Wassily

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Kandinsky, Wassily Famous Art

A member of the German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter, and later a teacher at the Bauhaus, Kandinsky is best known for his pioneering breakthrough into expressive abstraction in 1913. His work prefigures that of the American Abstract Expressionists.

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Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig Biography, Art & Analysis

Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig

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Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig Famous Art

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was one of the driving forces in the Die Brücke group that flourished in Dresden and Berlin before WWI, and one of the most talented and influential of the Expressionists.

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Klee, Paul Biography, Art & Analysis

Klee, Paul

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Klee, Paul Famous Art

The Swiss-born painter Paul Klee worked in a variety of styles, including expressionism, geometric abstraction, and collage. His most famous works have a mystical quality and make use of linear and pictorial symbols.

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Kokoschka, Oskar Biography, Art & Analysis

Kokoschka, Oskar

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Kokoschka, Oskar Famous Art

Oskar Kokoschka was an Austrian Expressionist painter, poet and playwright. His work is intertwined with the stormy and dramatic life of affairs, fleeing the Nazis and eventually settling in Switzerland as a master of Expressionism.

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Marc, Franz Biography, Art & Analysis

Marc, Franz

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Marc, Franz Famous Art

Franz Marc was a German painter and printmaker, and one of the pioneers of German Expressionism. Along with August Macke and Kandinksy, Marc founded The Blue Rider artist group. A student of Futurism and Cubism, Marc was a master of color and depth, and a major influence on mid-twentieth-century abstractionists.

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Munch, Edvard Biography, Art & Analysis

Munch, Edvard

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Munch, Edvard Famous Art

Norweigan painter and printmaker Edvard Munch was a pioneer of the German Expressionist movement. His works such as The Scream explored deeply psychological concepts in a Symbolist style.

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Nolde, Emil Biography, Art & Analysis

Nolde, Emil

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Nolde, Emil Famous Art

Nolde was a Danish-German painter and printmaker who was affiliated with the groups Die Brucke, the Berlin Secession, and Der Blaue Reiter. His bright, evocative paintings of religious scenes, seascapes, and flowers earned him a unique place in the greater Expressionism movement.

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Schiele, Egon Biography, Art & Analysis

Schiele, Egon

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Schiele, Egon Famous Art

Egon Schiele was an Austrian Art Nouveau painter. Schiele was initially taken under the wing of Gustav Klimt, but soon discovered a painterly style that was solidly expressionistic in form. While his style was reminiscent of Van Gogh, Klimt, Munch and others, Schiele shaped the female form in a uniquely non-representational manner, often twisting the body and face, making him an early proponent of European Expressionism.

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Soutine, Chaim Biography, Art & Analysis

Soutine, Chaim

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Soutine, Chaim Famous Art

Chaim Soutine was a Jewish Expressionist painter whose textured, impasto style was influential for later gestural painters. He is especially known for his portraits, landscapes, and studies of flayed meat.

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Utrillo, Maurice Biography, Art & Analysis

Utrillo, Maurice

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Utrillo, Maurice Famous Art

Maurice Utrillo was a French painter best-known for his cityscapes, particularly his scenes of the Montmartre district in Paris. Utrillo masterfully mixed classically accurate perspective with modern loose brushstrokes to create his deceptively simple scenes of the city executed in many of the styles of the modernists of his time.

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Van Dongen, Kees Biography, Art & Analysis

Van Dongen, Kees

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Van Dongen, Kees Famous Art

The Dutch-French artist's works created a remarkable record of fashions and social attitudes in Paris over the first half of the twentieth century and added to the output and scope of the Fauvism movement.

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Expressionism: 18 of 313 Total Artists



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