Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Documentary Photography

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Modern Artists in Documentary Photography

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of artists central to Documentary Photography.

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Documentary Photographers: 13 of 332 Total Artists
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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography

Born: March 14, 1923 - New York City, New York

Died: July 26, 1971 - New York City, New York

Diane Arbus is recognized for her insightful street-based compositions and black-and-white portraits of marginalized individuals on the fringes of mainstream society, including images of nudists, transvestites, and mentally and physically handicapped people.

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French Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography

Born: February 12, 1857 - Libourne, France

Died: August 4, 1927 - Paris, France

Eugène Atget was a French photographer who in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century carefully and comprehensively documented the street scenes, architecture and artists of Paris. Atget, whose work was characterized by long exposure, famously sold his photographs to a great number of Parisian artists, including Man Ray, which were used as visual aids for painting.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Street Photography

Born: July 27, 1939 - Memphis, Tennessee

Eggelston's photographs focused on capturing Southern life and America's turn to consumerism. He is also credited with increasing the recognition of color photography as an art form.

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American Photographer, Writer, and Photojournalist

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Photojournalism

Born: November 3, 1903 - St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Died: April 10, 1975 - New Haven, Connecticut, USA

The photographs of Walker Evans told the story of American working-class life with an exacting frankness that was truly revolutionary for its time. He is best well-known for his documentation of the effects of the Great Depression, especially for the iconic portrait of a Southern farmer's wife.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography

Born: May 26, 1895 - Hoboken, New Jersey

Died: October 11, 1965 - San Francisco, California

Dorothea Lange's images of Depression America made her one of the most acclaimed documentary photographers of the twentieth century. She went on to become a leading photo-journalist working for magazines such as Fortune and Life.

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American Photographer and Filmmaker

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Street Photography, Documentary Photography, Surrealism

Born: August 31, 1913 - Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, New York

Died: March 29, 2009 - New York, New York

Helen Levitt photographed the streets of New York, first focusing on children's street culture then expanding to the whole of New York urban life. She also worked in film, receiving an Oscar nomination for The Quiet One.

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Austrian-American Photographer and Instructor

Movements and Styles: Street Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography, Photojournalism

Born: November 10, 1901 - Vienna, Austria

Died: March 30, 1983 - New York City, USA

Model's work was remarkable for the emotions that she was able to capture; close-cropped raw, candid photos of vanity, insecurity, and loneliness - made her an iconic photographer of New York City.

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American Painter and Photographer

Movements and Styles: Straight Photography, Early American Modernism, Precisionism

Born: July 16, 1883 - Philadelphia, PA

Died: May 7, 1965 - Dobbs Ferry, NY

A major figure in the early development of American modern art, Charles Sheeler incorporated motifs related to industrialization and urbanization, such as towering buildings and flattened geometric planes. His work explored the tension between pre-modern America and its increasingly mechanized future.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography, Abstract Expressionism

Born: December 4, 1903 - New York, New York

Died: February 8, 1991 - Providence, Rhode Island

Aaron Siskind was a 20th-century American photographer whose catalog of work bears the mark of Abstract Expressionism. Siskind's photographs of found objects were often closely focused on simple shapes in the object, reflecting the artist's preoccupation with basic form, line and texture. Siskind was a significant pioneer is turning photography into an abstract medium.

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American Sculptor and Writer

Movements and Styles: Land Art, Post-Minimalism

Born: January 2, 1938 - Passaic, New Jersey

Died: July 20, 1973 - Amarillo, Texas

Robert Smithson was an American artist best known for his innovations in Land and Earth Art. Smithson's large-scale projects employed earth and other natural resources to construct works that both manipulated and preserved the natural landscape. His most famous work is Spiral Jetty in Utah, constructed entirely from basalt, earth and salt.

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American Photographer and Publisher

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography

Born: January 1, 1864 - Hoboken, New Jersey

Died: July 13, 1946 - New York, New York

Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer who published the pioneering journal Camera Work. His gallery 291 was a locus for modern artists in America.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Early American Modernism

Born: March 24, 1886 - Highland Park, Illinois

Died: January 1, 1958 - Carmel, California

Edward Weston helped revolutionize photography so that it became a legitimate modern artistic medium and influenced an entire generation of American photographers.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Street Photography, Straight Photography

Born: 1928

Died: 1984

Winograd's photographs captured twentieth century American life, primarily in the street of New York City. Winogrand also traveled across the country focusing on prevalent social issues, the relationship between people and animals, and the effect of the media on events and the public.

Documentary Photographers: 13 of 332 Total Artists

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