Modern Artists Full List American Modern Artists

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American Modern Artists

Below are biographies and analysis of the achievements of American artists. We are adding more artists every week, so stay tuned as the most important artists in modern art are given proper coverage.

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American: 188 of 377 Total Artists
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Serbian-American Artist

Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Feminist Art

Born: November 30, 1946 - Belgrade, Yugoslavia

Marina Abramović's is one of the key artist in the performance art movement. Her work often involves putting herself in grave danger and performing lengthy, harmful routines that result in her being cut or burnt, or enduring some privation.

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German-American Textile Artist and Printmaker

Movements and Styles: Bauhaus, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: June 12, 1899 - Berlin, Germany

Died: May 9, 1994 - Orange, CT, USA

German-American designer and textile artist Anni Albers was the wife of Josef Albers and an influential artist in her own right. Her work brought together good design and modern materials with the Bauhaus design ethos, where she studied and taught before moving to the United States.

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American Painter, Poet, Sculptor, Teacher, and Theoretician

Movements and Styles: Bauhaus, Geometric Abstraction

Born: March 19 1888 - Bottrop, Germany

Died: March 25 1976 - New Haven, CT, USA

Josef Albers was a German-born American painter and teacher. Celebrated as a geometric abstractionist and influential instructor at Black Mountain College, Albers directly influenced such artists as Rauschenberg, Twombly and Ray Johnson.

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American Multimedia Artist and Musician

Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Installation Art

Born: June 5, 1947 - Glenn Ellyn, Illinois, USA

Laurie Anderson is a musician and performance artist who, since the 1970s, has made experimental works using song, violin, keyboard and instruments of her own creation.

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American Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Minimalism, Conceptual Art

Born: September 16, 1935 - Quincy, Massachusetts

Carl Andre is an American Minimalist whose prominence rose in the late 1960s with a series of large public artworks and sculpture. His linear sculpture was included in the famed 1966 Primary Structures group exhibition at the Jewish Museum.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography

Born: March 14, 1923 - New York City, New York

Died: July 26, 1971 - New York City, New York

Diane Arbus is recognized for her insightful street-based compositions and black-and-white portraits of marginalized individuals on the fringes of mainstream society, including images of nudists, transvestites, and mentally and physically handicapped people.

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French-American Artist

Movement: Nouveau Réalisme

Born: November 17, 1928 - Nice, France

Died: October 22, 2005 - New York, NY, USA

Born Armand Pierre Fernandez, Arman is a French painter who moved from using the objects as paintbrushes, to using them as the painting itself. He is best known for his "accumulations" and destruction/recomposition of objects.

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American Photographer

Movements and Styles: Modern Photography, Straight Photography, Documentary Photography, Fashion Photography

Born: May 15, 1923 - New York City, New York

Died: October 1, 2004 - San Antonio, Texas

Richard Avedon revolutionized fashion photography by enlivening his models, by showing them in movement. He also excelled in black-and-white portraiture - celebraties and common folk were exhibited in psychologoically revealing ways. His large and powerful body of work makes Avedon one of the most famous photographers of all time.

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American Collagist, Painter and Photographer

Movements and Styles: Conceptual Art, The Pictures Generation

Born: June 17, 1931 - National City, California

John Baldessari, born in 1931, is an American conceptual artist. He often combines image and languages in his art. His early works were canvas paintings that were empty except for painted statements derived from contemporary art theory. His juxtaposition of image and text is reminiscent of Rene Magritte's surrealist paintings.

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German-American Sculptor, Photographer, Poet, and Performance Artist

Movements and Styles: Dada, Modern Photography, Performance Art, Readymade, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: July 12, 1874 - Swinemunde, Germany (now Świnoujście, Poland)

Died: December 14, 1927 - Paris, France

Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, the provocateur and essential catalyst for New York Dada movement, upended notions of what was considered art.

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American Painter

Movement: Neo-Expressionism

Born: December 22, 1960 - Brooklyn, New York

Died: August 12, 1988 - New York, New York, USA

Jean-Michel Basquiat was an American painter who rose to fame in the 1980s, and was the first African-American artist to gain international acclaim. His emotionally-charged paintings gave rise to graffiti art and the Neo-Expressionist movement, and are still considered among the most avant-garde artworks of the late-20th century.

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American Painter

Movement: Abstract Expressionism

Born: June 11, 1912 - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Died: June 6, 1963 - New York, New York, USA

William Baziotes was a first generation Abstract Expressionist painter who worked in a Surrealist, lyrical style.

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American Painter and Collagist

Movements and Styles: Cubism, Collage, Harlem Renaissance

Born: September 2, 1911 - Charlotte, North Carolina, USA

Died: March 12, 1988 - New York, New York, USA

Romare Bearden celebrated the black American experience, which he integrated into greater American modernism. He found his own voice by creating collages made up of cut and torn photographs found in popular magazines that he then reassembled into visually powerful statements.

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American Painter

Movement: Realism

Born: September 17, 1922 - Cambridge, Maryland

Died: September 18, 1991 - New York, New York, USA

Leland Bell was an American painter and founding teacher of the New York Studio School. A contemporary of the Abstract Expressionists, his work nonetheless maintained aquasi-figurative, quasi-abstract style.

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American Sculptor, Painter, Conceptual and Performance Artist

Movements and Styles: Conceptual Art, Performance Art, Feminist Art

Born: October 25, 1941 - Lake Charles, Louisiana

Lynda Benglis is an American artist associated with process-based and anti-form art. Best known for her floor-based "spills" and latex sculptures, she adds a critical feminist perspective to post-minimalist work.

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American Painter and Muralist

Movements and Styles: American Regionalism, Synchromism

Born: April 15, 1889 - Neosho, Missouri

Died: January 19, 1975 - Kansas City, Missouri

Thomas Hart Benton was an American painter whose rural and industrial subjects, grand-scale murals, and figurative style were hallmarks of American Regionalism.

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American Sculptor, Printmaker, and Draftswoman

Movements and Styles: Abstract Expressionism, Neo-Dada, Minimalism

Born: January 15, 1931 - Providence, Rhode Island

Bontecou created works that challenged the conventions of sculpture by famously hanging them on walls like they were paintings. Using found objects, scrap metals and other materials, Bontecou incorporated an industrial look to her abstract, and at times futuristic, art.

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French-American Sculptor

Movements and Styles: Surrealism, Body Art, Installation Art, Proto-Feminist Artists

Born: December 25, 1911 - Paris, France

Died: May 31, 2010 - New York, New York, USA

Louise Bourgeois is a French contemporary artist whose work adds a feminist perspective to Surrealism's themes of sex, childhood, and the uncanny. She is best known for her installation 'Cells' and her large-scale spider sculptures.

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Hungarian-American Designer, Sculptor, and Architect

Movements and Styles: Bauhaus, Modern Architecture

Born: May 21, 1902 - Pecs, Hungary

Died: July 1, 1981 - New York City, USA

Marcel Breuer's career touched nearly every aspect of three-dimensional design, from tiny utensils to the biggest buildings. Famously part of the Bauhaus school in Germany, Breuer was an influential Hungarian-born modernist that went on to teach many architects of the next generation.

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American Sculptor and Performance Artist

Movements and Styles: Performance Art, Conceptual Art

Born: April 11, 1946 - Boston, Massachusetts

Died: May 10, 2015 - Topanga, California

American performance artist Chris Burden is most known for his 1970s works that placed him in extreme danger, such as being shot in the arm by an assistant or being crucified on the back of a car.

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American: 188 of 377 Total Artists

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Abstract Artists
Abstract Artists
Artists that specialized in abstraction.
African-American Artists
African-American Artists
Artists of African-American background.
Music and Sound Artists
Music and Sound Artists
Artists that were inspired by or tried to recreate aspects of music, or somehow worked with sound.
Erotic Artists
Erotic Artists
Artists whose depictions had a significant erotic component.
Satirical Artists
Satirical Artists
Artists that used humor, satire, wit, exaggeration, and ridicule in a significant part of their work.
Jewish Artists
Jewish Artists
Artists central to Jewish Art or made art that is connected to Jewish experience.
Landscape Painters
Landscape Painters
Artists that painted various types of landscapes. Dont miss our pages on landscape movements such Luminism, Tonalism, Hudson River School, The Barbizon School, Peredvizhniki, Naturalism, and Impressionism.
LGBT Artists
LGBT Artists
Artist that identified as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender, or otherwise associated with LGBT topics.
Modern Architects
Modern Architects
Artists central to Modern Architecture. Dont miss our pages on architecture such as Early Renaissance, Arts and Crafts Movement, The Vienna Secession, and Wiener Werkstatte, and the International Style.
Modern Designers
Modern Designers
Artists that influenced the various types of design we see today. From posters, to theater, to furniture and topography. Dont miss our pages that have a major design component including Arts and Crafts Movement, Aesthetic Movement, Art Nouveau, Wiener Werkstatte, Art Deco, The Bauhaus, De Stijl, and Neo-Plasticism.
Modern Sculptors
Modern Sculptors
Artists central to Modern Sculpture.
Political Artists
Political Artists
Artists whose work was particularly political in nature and aspiration.
Portrait Artists
Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced portraiture.
Religious Artists
Religious Artists
Artists that have particularly deep religious, spiritual, and ideological basis for a significant part of their work.
Self-Portrait Artists
Self-Portrait Artists
Artists that practiced self-portraiture.
Proto-Feminist Artists
Proto-Feminist Artists
Artists that inspired the Feminist Art movement of the 1960s.