Modern Artists Full List Modern Artists in Abstract Expressionism

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Modern Artists in Abstract Expressionism

Below are biographies and analysis of the work of the artists central to the Abstract Expressionism movement. Read more about the movement on the Abstract Expressionism Overview page.

Abstract Expressionism: 35 of 310 Total Artists
Albers, Josef Biography, Art & Analysis

Albers, Josef

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Albers, Josef Famous Art

Josef Albers was a German-born American painter and teacher. Celebrated as a geometric abstractionist and influential instructor at Black Mountain College, Albers directly influenced such artists as Rauschenberg, Twombly and Ray Johnson.

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Baziotes, William Biography, Art & Analysis

Baziotes, William

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Baziotes, William Famous Art

William Baziotes was a first generation Abstract Expressionist painter who worked in a Surrealist, lyrical style.

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Bearden, Romare Biography, Art & Analysis

Bearden, Romare

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Bearden, Romare Famous Art

Romare Bearden celebrated the black American experience, which he integrated into greater American modernism. He found his own voice by creating collages made up of cut and torn photographs found in popular magazines that he then reassembled into visually powerful statements.

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Chamberlain, John Biography, Art & Analysis

Chamberlain, John

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Chamberlain, John Famous Art

John Chamberlain is best known for his sculptures made of crushed and twisted automobile parts, works that bring the formal qualities of Abstract Expressionist painting into three dimensions.

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Clark, Edward Biography, Art & Analysis

Clark, Edward

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Clark, Edward Famous Art

Ed Clark, a New Orleans-born painter, was an Abstract Expressionist artist who pioneered the use of shaped canvases in New York.

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De Kooning, Elaine Biography, Art & Analysis

De Kooning, Elaine

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De Kooning, Elaine Famous Art

Elaine de Kooning was an important Abstract Expressionist painter and collagist whose work combines gestural energy with formalist investigations. She was married to the famous New York painter Willem de Kooning.

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De Kooning, Willem Biography, Art & Analysis

De Kooning, Willem

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De Kooning, Willem Famous Art

Willem de Kooning, a Dutch immigrant to New York, was one of the foremost Abstract Expressionist painters. His abstract compositions drew on Surrealist and figurative traditions, and typified the expressionistic 'gestural' style of the New York School.

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De Niro, Robert Biography, Art & Analysis

De Niro, Robert

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De Niro, Robert Famous Art

Painter, sculptor and poet Robert De Niro, Sr. was a substantial contributor to post-war American art for his dedication to painterly representation. Vivid, innovative, and representational work distinguished De Niro as a distinct figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement.

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Diebenkorn, Richard Biography, Art & Analysis

Diebenkorn, Richard

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Diebenkorn, Richard Famous Art

Richard Diebenkorn was an American painter who helped pioneer the California-based movement of Abstract Expressionism, and later the Bay Area Figurative Movement. In all his work, Diebenkorn used the natural environment as his chief inspiration and applied soft, naturalistic color fields to the canvas.

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Ernst, Max Biography, Art & Analysis

Ernst, Max

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Ernst, Max Famous Art

Max Ernst was a German Dadaist and Surrealist whose paintings and collages combine dream-like realism, automatic techniques, and eerie subject matter.

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Gorky, Arshile Biography, Art & Analysis

Gorky, Arshile

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Gorky, Arshile Famous Art

Arshile Gorky was an Armenian-born American painter and was a major influence on the development of Abstract Expressionism. In his own art he fused elements of Cubism, Surrealism and Expressionism, and was close with key figures central to New York's burgeoning abstrct art scene, such as John Graham, Stuart Davis and Willem de Kooning.

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Gottlieb, Adolph Biography, Art & Analysis

Gottlieb, Adolph

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Gottlieb, Adolph Famous Art

Adolph Gottlieb was an Abstract Expressionist painter who commonly used grids, pictographs, and primitive symbols in his work.

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Graham, John Biography, Art & Analysis

Graham, John

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Graham, John Famous Art

John Graham was a Ukrainian-born American painter and a key figure in the development of Abstract Expressionism. Never adopting a singular style in his own art, Graham tutored many young abstract artists on the tenets of Cubism and Surrealism, of which he was an expert. Willem de Kooning credited Graham as the person who discovered Jackson Pollock.

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Guston, Philip Biography, Art & Analysis

Guston, Philip

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Guston, Philip Famous Art

Philip Guston was a Canadian painter during the 20th century. Initially associated with the New York School of abstract art, Guston famously abandoned pure abstraction in the 1950s and turned to figurative art and quasi-abstract cartoon imagery. His later work, for which he is best known, was a major influence on the development of Neo-Expressionism in the U.S.

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Hartigan, Grace Biography, Art & Analysis

Hartigan, Grace

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Hartigan, Grace Famous Art

Grace Hartigan was an American painter and an important figure among the second generation of Abstract Expressionists. Her paintings are characterized by their rich color and bold mixture of abstract and figurative styles.

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Hofmann, Hans Biography, Art & Analysis

Hofmann, Hans

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Hofmann, Hans Famous Art

German-born American painter, art teacher and theorist. Hofmann matured as an artist in 1904-14 in Paris, where he met many of the greatest artists of that time. After he emigrated to America in the early 1930s he enjoyed a prominent career as a teacher, powerfully influencing many Abstract Expressionists with his understanding of European modernism.

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Kline, Franz Biography, Art & Analysis

Kline, Franz

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Kline, Franz Famous Art

Franz Kline was an American abstract painter and one of the pioneers of Abstract Expressionism. His signature black-and-white abstractions were inspired by Japanese calligraphy, and inspired a later generation of artists who created Minimalism.

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Krasner, Lee Biography, Art & Analysis

Krasner, Lee

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Krasner, Lee Famous Art

Lee Krasner was an American abstract painter and a prominent first-generation Abstract Expressionist. A student of Hans Hofmann's, and a pioneer in the all-over technique of painting that later influenced color-field artists such as Frankenthaler, Louis, and her husband Jackson Pollock.

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Kusama, Yayoi Biography, Art & Analysis

Kusama, Yayoi

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Kusama, Yayoi Famous Art

Yayoi Kusama is a Japanese multimedia artist, best-known for her awe-inspiring and captivating installations of polka dots and psychedelic colors. Through her installations, poetry, paintings, performances, and film she importantly contributed to many of the post-war art movements.

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Lassaw, Ibram Biography, Art & Analysis

Lassaw, Ibram

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Lassaw, Ibram Famous Art

Ibram Lassaw was an American abstract sculptor, associated with multiple movements such as Cubism, Surrealism and Constructivism. Lassaw's sculpture famously incorporated mixed metals, intricately woven to create what many perceived as abstract paintings in three dimensions.

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Abstract Expressionism: 35 of 310 Total Artists



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