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John Currin

American Painter

Born: 1962 - Boulder, Colorado

John Currin Timeline

Quotes

"The mystique of painting is both very macho and of course as elegant as bubble bath - it can be as luxuriating as you care to be. The studio really is my boudoir; that's something I've always cherished about painting."
John Currin
"As soon as I could think rationally about it, I wanted to be an artist. I guess I thought I was gonna be an illustrator or something, because I didn't really know that art still existed. I think I had this idea that it had kind of turned into naked hippies hangin' out in their lofts."
John Currin
"I got my macho painting out of my way in art school. It wasn't me. I feel like I am one of the only feminine male artists, that I am the only one who cares about things being pretty, about elegance and other feminine qualities."
John Currin
"Often, I find myself attracted to ideas that are ill-advised and bad. It's not because I want to shock people or show how open-minded I am, but for some reason stupidity is a theme for me in painting and I find it liberating."
John Currin
"I've always felt insecure about being a figurative artist, and about being an American painter. To me, oil painting is inherently European. My technique is in no way comparable with that of a mid-level European painter of the nineteenth century. They had way more ability and technical assurance. It's like learning to play tennis when you're four or five years old - you know things you don't even know you know."
John Currin

"I find I can't get rid of my trashiness as an artist."

John Currin Signature

Synopsis

Since the 1990s, John Currin has reigned as one of the art world's greatest provocateurs residing on the double-edged sword of desire and disgust. His work, which mingles an early training in classical painting with a decidedly American palate for the absurdity found in kitsch, presents figurative portraits, often nude, that reflect the perversity within our culture's obsession with beauty and perfection. Although he is often accused of misogynistic tendencies due to his jarring subject matter, he contends his presentations are intended as satirical references to society's ever-present barrage of the elusive "ideal" fed to us through art history, media, advertising, and the glossy pages of magazines. This exploration into vanity continues to inform his work today.

Key Ideas

By combining classical tropes of beauty, such as the lounging Renaissance nude, with contemporary images such as those found in today's porn and women's fashion magazines, Currin posits that our fascination with vanity is eternal.
Upon first glance, Currin's paintings may seem like realistic figurative portrayals of the beautiful, yet upon closer inspection something goes awry. A body part emerges larger than its otherwise symmetrical parts, the neck on a graceful vixen might stretch inordinately long, or the female nude central to our observation turns out to be old enough to be our grandmother. The pleasure of voyeurism turns into discomfort and we are asked to reflect upon the original motivations within our glance.
Currin's use of thick brushstrokes on a face amongst an otherwise smooth plane or darker shades within a paler sea of flesh hint at the underlying morbidity expressed through our desire for perfection.

Most Important Art

John Currin Famous Art

Bea Arthur Naked (1991)

Before achieving his current level of fame, Currin painted this portrait of the popular television actress as part of a series of images focusing on mature, well-to-do women. At the time, Arthur would have been in her late sixties, while he was in his late twenties. He told New York magazine in 2007, "The Bea Arthur painting is from Maude, which I used to watch as a kid. In the eighties, I didn't have TV for, like, a whole decade. When I started watching again in the nineties, The Golden Girls was in syndication. When I had a loft with Sean and Kevin Landers, we'd always take a break in the afternoon and watch The Golden Girls. When I made the painting, I was living in Hoboken and still making abstract paintings, and I was very frustrated. I was walking back from the PATH train and this vision of Bea Arthur just came to me."

With her biting wit, matronly hairstyle, and deep voice, the television comedienne is an unconventional choice for this type of portrait, which typically features a very feminine, youthful subject. Currin does not depict Arthur in a particularly erotic or sexualized manner, but instead presents a thought-provoking challenge to the viewer. By presenting the plainspoken Arthur in the nude on a flat yellow background, he interrogates the ageism associated with sexuality in much of late twentieth century popular culture, as well as long-standing artistic conventions.
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John Currin Artworks in Focus:

Biography

Childhood

Currin was born in Colorado to a physics professor father and piano teacher mother, the third of four children. Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Northern California, first settling in Palo Alto, and later, Santa Cruz. They finally moved to Connecticut when he was ten.

As an adolescent in Stamford, Currin took regular art lessons from a classically trained Russian painter named Lev Meshberg. He discussed his former mentor with New York magazine in 2007 saying, "I painted with him on weekends from the time I was 14. He had one of these completely romantic studios, with a bird in a cage and musty old books. I learned how to hold a palette, how to squeeze paint out of the tube. In art school, they don't really show you that stuff. They do everything in their power to kill the attractiveness of the whole procedure."

Early Training

John Currin Biography

Currin went on to study at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, where he obtained a BFA in 1984. Immediately afterward, he pursued an MFA at Yale, where he became close friends with the painter Lisa Yuskavage and conceptual artist Sean Landers. Currin later remarked about the latter, "With Sean, our work was stylistically very different. He made these drawings, fictional letters to his loan officer on yellow legal pads - they're really weird, and I always loved them. It inspired me, because I was trying to find my style. Sean hit on something that was his alone earlier than I did."

He completed his MFA in 1986, then moved to New York City. The year 1989 marked his first major exhibition with a series of portraits of young girls derived from photographs in high school yearbooks. By this point he had developed a distinct, kitschy style of figurative painting that focused on bold depictions of women and men, drawing inspiration from sources like Playboy and Cosmopolitan. This subject matter placed Currin at odds with the more politically charged artworks of the time. By 1992, Currin was selling his work at the influential Andrea Rosen Gallery, and had established himself as a critical and financial success. Currin and Rosen briefly dated during this time and although they eventually split, he continued to show his work at the gallery for ten more years.

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John Currin Biography Continues

Mature Period

Currin met his wife, artist Rachel Feinstein, in 1994 when she was living in a gingerbread house modeled after the story of Sleeping Beauty in a New York gallery for six weeks. A mutual friend had told Currin that Feinstein resembled some of the women in his paintings with her tall, slim physique and pre-Raphaelite hair. They were engaged two weeks after this meeting and married three years later. Feinstein also became his muse, modeling for many of his paintings. They have worked on a number of creative projects together and have come to be regarded as an art world "power couple." Currin credits Rachel with a shift in the tone of his work, telling The New Yorker in 2008, "With Rachel, I realized I could be different from everyone else just by being cheerful in my work. In art school, I wanted to be intense, like Francis Bacon, but I'm not - I'm better when I'm jokey and cheerful." The couple has three children.

The frank sexuality of Currin's work attracted its fair share of controversy throughout the 1990s, with a number of critics dismissing it as sexist and misogynistic. One critic with The New Republic argued, "His work is toxic - art pollution." Yet Currin steadfastly maintained that his art offered a satirical commentary on perceptions of women in contemporary culture. Despite these issues surrounding his work, his reputation continued to grow, and by 2003, his paintings were selling for "prices in the high six figures." Around the same time, he started showing at the Gagosian Gallery in Chelsea, New York.

Late Period

John Currin Portrait

Currin's popularity continues to bloom along with, and perhaps despite, his commitment to pushing society's buttons. His recent works merge the influence of 16th century Northern European paintings with pop culture pinups and Internet porn, interrogating the boundaries between the beautiful and the grotesque. He once again defended his use of provocative source material in New York magazine in 2007, claiming, "It's not a shock tactic. In every art school in the world there's a guy doing porn. As a failed shock tactic, that's kind of interesting to me."

Currin and Feinstein continue to enjoy a colorful, glamorous social life that expands beyond the insular New York art scene in which they maintain studios and call home. They count people like Mick Jagger, Marc Jacobs, Tom Ford, and Anna Wintour among their circle of friends.


Legacy

Currin's satirical portraits take on highly charged social and sexual taboos with impeccable, classical painterly techniques. This elbow to the ribs and tongue in cheek stab into the annals of tradition has introduced humor into an otherwise seriously inclined historical genre. His investigation of cultural norms surrounding femininity and beauty has influenced a number of artists, including Cindy Sherman, whose photographs highlight the performative nature of femininity in contemporary America. His influence can also be seen in the painstakingly detailed, though visually jarring portraits of Sarah Ferguson and his old friend from Yale, Lisa Yuskavage.

Influences and Connections

Influences on artist

Artists, Friends, Movements

Influenced by artist

Artists, Friends, Movements

John Currin
Interactive chart with John Currin's main influences, and the people and ideas that the artist influenced in turn.
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View Influences Chart

Artists

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
Willem de KooningWillem de Kooning
Norman RockwellNorman Rockwell

Friends

Rachel FeinsteinRachel Feinstein

Movements

RenaissanceRenaissance
MannerismMannerism
RealismRealism
John Currin
John Currin
Years Worked: 1989 - present

Artists

Cindy ShermanCindy Sherman
Lisa YuskavageLisa Yuskavage

Friends

Marc JacobsMarc Jacobs
Francesco ClementeFrancesco Clemente
Sofia CoppolaSofia Coppola
Dave EggersDave Eggers

Movements

Neo-ExpressionismNeo-Expressionism

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Content compiled and written by Jen Glennon

Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors

" Artist Overview and Analysis". [Internet]. . TheArtStory.org
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Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors
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Useful Resources on John Currin

Books

Websites

Articles

Videos

More

The books and articles below constitute a bibliography of the sources used in the writing of this page. These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet.

biography

John Currin: New Paintings (2006) Recomended resource

By Norman Bryson, Alison M. Gingeras and Dave Eggers

John Currin (2003)

By Robert Rosenblum

artworks

John Currin: The Dogwood Thieves (2012)

By John Currin

John Currin

By Wells Tower and Angus Cook

More Interesting Books about John Currin
Sadie Coles Gallery artist page Recomended resource

Photographs of past exhibitions from 1997-2012

Gagosian Gallery artist page

'I'm Certainly Not An Idealist': A Talk With John Currin Recomended resource

By Bill Powers
ARTnews
March 30, 2015

'I Can't Get Rid of My Trashiness' - John Currin

Phaidon.com
February 23, 2015

V.F. Portrait: John Currin

By A. M. Homes
Vanity Fair
September 2011

Rachel Feinstein and John Currin, Their Own Best Creations Recomended resource

By David Colman
The New York Times
March 11, 2011

More Interesting Articles about John Currin

in pop culture

Would You Pay $2 Million for This Painting of Naked Bea Arthur? [NSFW]

By Max Rivlin-Nadler
Gawker
May 15, 2013

Did Jimmy Kimmel Spend $1.9 Million On This Nude Portrait of Bea Arthur?

By David McCormack and Meghan Keneally
The Daily Mail
May 23, 2013

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